Forest Park, Illinois
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Forest Park (formerly Harlem) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, United States. The population was 14,167 at the 2010 census. The Forest Park terminal on the CTA Blue Line is the line's western terminus, located on the Eisenhower Expressway at Des Plaines Avenue.
Forest Park, Illinois
|Village of Forest Park|
Madison Street, Downtown Forest Park
"Big city access, small town charm"
Location of Forest Park in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|• Mayor||Mayor Anthony T. Calderone|
|• Commissioners||Tom Mannix|
|• Total||2.40 sq mi (6.22 km2)|
|• Land||2.40 sq mi (6.22 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||5,820.98/sq mi (2,247.78/km2)|
|Down 9.70%% from 2000|
|Standard of living (2007-11)|
|• Per capita income||$34,756|
|• Median home value||$222,400|
The community (formerly part of a larger town called Harlem) officially became incorporated under the name of Forest Park on April 17, 1907.
For much of its history, Forest Park was known as a "Village of cemeteries", with more dead "residents" than living ones; some figures estimate the ratio at 30:1, dead to alive. Forest Park cemeteries include Altenheim, Forest Home Cemetery (incorporating the German Waldheim Cemetery), Jewish Waldheim (producer Mike Todd is buried in Beth Aaron there), Woodlawn (including Showmen's Rest), and Concordia. Forest Home Cemetery is home to the famous Haymarket Martyrs' Monument.
From 1925 to 1931, Forest Park had a radio station with a variety of call letters. The station began in 1925 as WHT. It was known as WNBA, with its studios near Des Plaines and Roosevelt Road from 1927 to 1928. In 1929, the call letters changed again, this time to WSOA and again to WCHI in 1929. As WOSA, the radio station had 5,000 watts of power. It went off the air for good in 1931.
The Naval Ordnance Station Forest Park (originally a Naval Ordnance Plant) operated from early in World War II until most of the plant was replaced by a mall in 1971, with some of the site used as a Naval Reserve center until 2007. The plant employed up to 6,500 workers and produced 19,000 torpedoes during World War II.
In 2007, the town held a summer-long centennial celebration. Forest Park has also held two other centennial celebrations, one in 1956 for when the first settlers came and one in 1984 for the 100th anniversary of the creation of the town of Harlem.
Women's professional baseball/softball has roots in Forest Park. Emery Parichy purchased the Boston Bloomer Girls softball team in the early 1930s, renamed them Emery Parichy's Bloomer Girls, and moved them to Forest Park. The team operated in the suburb until 1955, when the land their softball field was on was taken for the Eisenhower Expressway.
Forest Park was the location of Forest Park Amusement Park, a small but popular amusement park located just west of Desplaines Avenue, and just north of the then Waldheim Cemetery, from 1907 to 1922. Initially, the park was received negatively by Chicago area church members due to its close proximity to the cemetery. However, its public acclaim helped bring in a crowd of approximately five to ten thousand on opening day, and the various rides, games, and shows the park had to offer kept residents coming back. On July 25, 1918, a fire broke out in the swimming pool's boiler room. The fire quickly spread to other utility areas of the park which left firefighters without access to water and power. The park planned to reopen later that same day, though 1/5th of the park was destroyed by the fire. In the years following the fire, the park was mostly successful primarily due to events and activities that helped the community and the park's occasional rallies against prohibition. However, with the 18th Amendment taking effect coupled with a strict crack-down on gambling, the park never reopened following the cessation of its 1922 season. Its former location is now occupied by the Forest Park station on CTA's Blue Line at Desplaines Avenue.
For most of its history, Forest Park was home for the 25-year-old professional (non-equity) theater company, Circle Theatre, which now resides across Harlem Avenue in neighboring Oak Park. Hedy Weiss of the Chicago Sun-Times writes: "One of the most consistently satisfying theatrical operations in the area ...everything from classics to new American plays ...theatre at its very best." Circle Theatre has produced over 175 productions and received over 80 Joseph Jefferson (JEFF) nominations and won over 30 Jeff Awards. Notable visits from famous playwrights have included Marvin Hamlisch, Rupert Holmes, Douglas Post, Michael John LaChiusa, Stephen Clark and Rebecca Gilman. Rebecca Gilman had her first play produced at Circle Theatre before becoming one of America's leading playwrights. Notable supporters have included Harry Connick, Jr. and Russell Crowe. Award-winning Director/Choreographer Kevin Bellie was Artistic Director from 2003-2012.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,688 people, 7,632 households, and 3,480 families residing in the village. The population density was 6,480.8 people per square mile (2,503.0/km²). There were 7,981 housing units at an average density of 3,297.0 per square mile (1,273.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 56.14% White, 31.18% African American, 0.15% Native American, 6.83% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.80% from other races, and 2.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.84% of the population, including 5.6% Mexican.
There were 7,632 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.9% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.4% were non-families. 45.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the village, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 39.8% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $44,103, and the median income for a family was $52,611. Males had a median income of $39,402 versus $32,255 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,045. About 6.3% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
The village of Forest Park runs under a village commission form of government led by a mayor and four commissioners elected every four years.
Forest Park lies within Illinois's 7th congressional district.
The United States Postal Service operates the Forest Park Post Office at 417 Des Plaines Avenue. The post office contains a mural, The White Fawn, painted in 1940 by Miriam McKinnie. Murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.
The Park District of Forest Park, located near the center of the village, has a 15-acre (61,000 m2) park, with an aquatic center. Shopping is mostly located on Madison Street. Previously known for many taverns, it now also features antique merchants, boutiques, and eating establishments. Recently it was voted by the readers of the Chicago Tribune as the "Best Neighborhood Dining" in the Chicago area.
In the last few days of July and first few of August, Forest Park's Park District plays host to the Forest Park No Glove National Invitational Softball Tournament. This is an invitational to all the best 16-inch softball teams in Chicago metropolitan area (and sometimes from other regions). The game is slow-pitch softball played without gloves, a favorite in the region.
Every autumn the St. Bernardine Church hosts an Oktoberfest and the village hosts a Rib-fest.
The town is served by a weekly newspaper, the Forest Park Review, coming out every Wednesday. It is printed by Wednesday Journal, Inc. A bi-monthly publication, The Forest Park Post, is distributed to all homes and businesses in Forest Park and is published by 34 Publishing, Inc.
There is a NFP citizens advocacy and information organization known as Vox 60130 (formerly Citizens United in Forest Park) serving the community since 2004. It monitors local governmental meetings and activities and sponsors workshops and presentations of important, relevant issues. They also hold candidate forums during each local election cycle.
Video Gambling ControversyEdit
There was a controversy on Forest Park over the legalization of video gambling from the years 2015 to 2019. It was a topic of public debate in the public square, and on social media.
Forest Park is within the Forest Park School District 91 and the Proviso Township High Schools District 209. The elementary school district operates four elementary schools and Forest Park Middle School. The community is served by Proviso East High School in Maywood. In addition, the Proviso Mathematics and Science Academy, a magnet school, is located in Forest Park.
The Forest Park Public Library is located at 7555 Jackson Boulevard. The current library building opened on October 8, 1995. It covers 26,400 square feet (2,450 m2) over two levels and is completely accessible in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. It is spacious and comfortable, with more seating and study areas, along with a meeting room, a youth activity room and computer room. The total cost of the building was projected to be $3,295,000, including construction, site improvements, furnishings, computer and security systems, professional and financing costs and contingencies. The funding comes from the Imber Fund, now grown to $900,000, a State of Illinois Construction Grant of $250,000, General Obligation Bonds for $2.9 million and interest income.
- St. Bernardine Catholic Church, built in a Spanish Mission style, was designed by McCarthy, Smith, and Eppig. The firm worked extensively with Cardinal George Mundelein and produced numerous Chicago-area Catholic churches during the Great Depression, including St. Wenceslaus in Chicago, as well as St. Joseph and St. Francis Xavier churches in Wilmette.
- The Ferrara Pan Candy Company is located at 7301 W. Harrison Street. The company was founded in 1908 by Salvatore Ferrara who came to America from Nola, Italy, in 1900. The use of the word "pan" refers to the process of making the candy by the sugar panning process.
- Kevin Bellie, award-winning American director and choreographer lives in Forest Park.
- W. Robert Blair, Illinois politician
- Warren Brown, sports journalist, coined nicknames for Red Grange and Babe Ruth, Baseball Hall of Fame member
- Eddie Hoh, rock drummer of the 1960s who backed Mamas & Papas and the Monkees
- Kathy Griffin, comedian, actress, author (Oak Park)
- Leonard W. Hein, economist, accounting educator
- Erv Lange, pitcher for the Chicago Whales; born in Forest Park
- John Mahoney, former long time resident
- Calvin Sutker, Illinois politician
- Pierre Walters, NFL athlete, Kansas City Chiefs
Forest Park Amusement ParkEdit
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Forest Park village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- "Forest Park Terminal". Chicago L.org. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-03.
- Matt Hucke. "Concordia and Altenheim Cemeteries". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Matt Hucke. "Forest Home and German Waldheim Cemeteries". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Matt Hucke. "Gravesite-Mike Todd". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Matt Hucke. "Jewish Waldheim cemeteries". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Matt Hucke. "Woodlawn Cemetery". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "Woodlawn Cemetery sign". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Matt Hucke. "Showmen's Rest I". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Matt Hucke. "Showmen's Rest II". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "Concordia Cemetery, Forest Park, IL website". Concordia Cemetery. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Matt Hucke. "Haymarket Monument-Forest Home Cemetery". Matt Hucke. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "WNBA history". Zecom Communications. Archived from the original on May 25, 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
- "QSL card for Radio Station WSOA". 1929. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- "Photo of QSL card for radio station WOSA showing it was operating at 5,000 watts of power". February 24, 1929. Archived from the original on March 19, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- Chicago Tribune, 5 September 2005, "Old Torpedo Factory Hit by Military Site Closings"
- Poplawska, Anna. Forest Park turns 100-again!. Forest Park Review. Printed 2007-08-28. Accessed 2007-09-03.
- "Forest Park History" (PDF). Forest Park.net. Retrieved 9 December 2010. (PDF)
- Forest Park Amusement Park
- "Opening". The Historical Society of Forest Park. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Closing". The Historical Society of Forest Park. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "The History of Forest Park Amusement Park". The Digital Research Library of Illinois History Journal. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Forest Park". Jazz Age Chicago. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "In 1985, Karen Skinner, Wayne Buidens and Joseph Bass founded Circle Theatre with the mission of making exciting theatre available to the western suburbs of Chicago. They chose the name "Circle Theatre"." "About Us-Circle Theatre". Circle Theatre. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
- "Awards-Circle Theatre". Circle Theatre. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
- Jones, Chris (11-05-2012). "Kevin Bellie exits Circle, to freelance direct". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 16 May 2014. Check date values in:
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 28, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Demographic Characteristics, Forest Park, Illinois" (PDF). (39.1 KB). U.S. Census Bureau. Accessed 2007-04-11.
- "Post Office Location - FOREST PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on April 17, 2009.
- "About Proviso Township High Schools District 209." Proviso Township High Schools District 209. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.
- "Contact Us." Forest Park Public Library. Retrieved on April 17, 2009.
- "Saint Bernadine Parish". Saint Bernadine Parish. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- "Ferrara-Pan Candy Company". Ferrara-Pan Candy Company. Retrieved 21 November 2011.