Ford Transit Connect

The Ford Transit Connect is a compact panel van sold by Ford since 2002. Developed by Ford of Europe, the model line replaced sedan-based vans (Ford Escort and Ford Courier vans) with a dedicated commercial vehicle platform. The model line is the second-smallest vehicle of the Ford Transit range, slotted between the Ford Transit Courier LAV and the Ford Transit Custom LCV/MPV. In line with other Ford Transit variants, passenger-oriented models (in Europe) are marketed as the Ford Tourneo Connect with side windows and rear seats.

Ford Transit Connect
2016 Ford Transit Connect 240 1.5.jpg
Ford Transit Connect
Overview
ManufacturerFord Otosan
Ford Romania
Ford Europe
Ford Valencia Body and Assembly
Azure Dynamics (Ford Transit Connect Electric)
Volkswagen Poznań Sp. z o.o.
Also calledFord Tourneo Connect
Ford Transit Connect Electric
Volkswagen Caddy
Production2002–present
Body and chassis
ClassLeisure activity vehicle
Compact panel van
Mini MPV
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
RelatedVolkswagen Caddy
Chronology
Predecessor

Currently in its second generation, the Transit Connect has been imported to North America since the 2010 model year. To circumvent the 25% "chicken tax" on imported light trucks,[1] all examples have been imported as passenger vans, with cargo vans converted to the intended configuration after their importation. In the region, the Transit Connect does not have a direct predecessor; the closest vehicle to its size was the standard-length Ford Aerostar cargo van, which ceased production in 1997.

The first-generation Transit Connect was assembled by Ford Otosan (Kocaeli, Turkey) along with Ford Romania (Craiova, Romania). For the second generation, Ford of Europe shifted production to its Ford Valencia Body and Assembly facility (Almussafes, Valencia, Spain). For 2022, a third generation of the Tourneo Connect was released; based on the Volkswagen Caddy, the model line is assembled by Volkswagen in Poland.

First generation (2002)Edit

First generation
 
Overview
Also calledFord Tourneo Connect
Azure Transit Connect Electric
ProductionNovember 2002 – 2013
Model years2002-2013 (Turkey)
2003-2013 (Europe)
2010-2013 (North America)
AssemblyKocaeli, Turkey (Ford Otosan)
Craiova, Romania (Ford Romania)
2.0L engine: Valencia, Spain (Ford Valencia Body and Assembly)
DesignerPeter Horbury
Body and chassis
Body style4-/5-door panel van
5-door LAV
PlatformFord C170 platform
RelatedFord Focus
Powertrain
Engine1.8L Duratorq TDCi Diesel I4
1.8 Endura-D TDDi Diesel I4
2.0L Duratec Gasoline I4
Transmission4-speed 4F27E automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
WheelbaseSWB: 2,664 mm (104.9 in)
LWB: 2,912 mm (114.6 in)
Length2004–06 SWB: 4,278 mm (168.4 in) LWB: 4,555 mm (179.3 in)
2007–09 SWB: 4,308 mm (169.6 in)
2010– LWB: 4,590 mm (180.7 in)
2010– SWB: 4,275 mm (168.3 in)
Width1,795 mm (70.7 in)
HeightPre–2009 SWB: 1,814 mm (71.4 in)
LWB: 1,981 mm (78.0 in)
2010– LWB: 2,014 mm (79.3 in)
2010– SWB: 1,815 mm (71.5 in)
Curb weightXL with 2.0L: 3,373 lb (1,530 kg)[2]
XLT Wagon with 2.0L: 3,503 lb (1,589 kg)
XLT Wagon (Premium) with 2.0L: 3,524 lb (1,598 kg)

The Transit Connect was introduced in Europe in October 2002 as the replacement for car-derived vans based on the Escort and the Fiesta but as it is built on a dedicated commercial vehicle platform it is not a car-derived van itself. Production of the Escort in Europe ceased in 2000 (although the vans carried on for another two years), whilst the Fiesta Courier was also planned to be discontinued when the fifth generation Fiesta entered production in 2002. Ford elected not to develop a direct sedan delivery version of the Focus, instead pursuing a purpose built design.

Sharing few components with the much larger Transit, the Transit Connect was built on a dedicated commercial vehicle platform C170 similar to the international Ford Focus, then common with the first generation North American Ford Focus.[3] Rather than adapting an existing bodystyle into a van, the Transit Connect was designed with sliding side doors.

The Escort van and the Fiesta Courier had been assembled at the Halewood and Dagenham plants in England, respectively, but both plants were to cease Ford car production (Halewood was to be handed over to Jaguar, whilst Dagenham was to become an engine plant only), so a new production facility was needed.

The Transit Connect was assembled by Otosan in an all-new production facility at Gölcük, near Kocaeli, Turkey.

In its first year on the North American market, the Transit Connect was awarded "North American Truck of the Year 2010" at the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS).[4]

2009 updateEdit

Since mid-2009, the Transit Connect has been imported to the United States and Canada. First shown in the United States at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show, the 2010 production model was introduced at the following year's show on 11 February 2009.[5]

The introduction of the North American variant coincided with a mid-cycle facelift which includes a restyled front grille, a deeper front bumper and a new dashboard featuring the switchgear and instrument pod from the C307 Focus.

Initially, only the long-wheelbase version of the van,[6] outfitted with a 2.0L four-cylinder petrol engine and 4 speed 4F27E, was offered in North America; elsewhere, the 1.8L diesel engine and 5 speed manual transmission was the only available powertrain. The 2.0L Duratec DOHC I-4 gasoline engine has 136 hp @6300rpm, and 128 lb.-ft. of torque @4750 rpm. It specifies minimum 87 octane gasoline and fuel economy is 21 mpg city/27 mpg hwy and 23 mpg combined.

An electric version followed in 2011, converted by Azure Dynamics Corporation at a U.S. facility.[7]

To build interest and awareness in North America, Transit Connects specifically equipped as "mobile showrooms" were displayed at industrial parks and other venues in 13 U.S. urban areas in May 2009, with the goal of offering 3,000 test drives to small business owners.[8]

With model year 2011, Ford offered the Transit Connect XLT Premium Wagon in the US and Canada, a passenger version of the van — with seating for five, rear windows that opened for ventilation, blind spot awareness, rear view camera, larger alloy wheels, body-colour grille, and front fog lamps.

The Transit Connect Wagon was the first Ford minivan since the 2007 discontinuation of the Freestar, though it was closer in size to the standard length Ford Aerostar sold from 1986 to 1997.

Trim levelsEdit

In the U.S., the Transit Connect was available in two different trim levels:

XL: Manual windows, manual door locks, cloth seating surfaces, AM/FM stereo, two speakers, black-painted steel wheels w/ plastic wheel covers, 2.0L I4 engine, automatic transmission, front-wheel-drive, and air conditioning.

XLT: Power windows, power door locks, four speakers, and exterior-colored accents and bumpers.

For Passenger models, an XLT Premium model was offered, adding these features to the XLT: AM/FM stereo with single-disc CD/MP3 player and USB and auxiliary audio input jacks, leather seating surfaces, rear cargo door trim, and enhanced interior sound deadening material. This model appealed very much to families.

Second generation (2012)Edit

Second generation
 
Overview
Also calledFord Tourneo Connect
ProductionOctober 2012 – 2022
Model years2013–2022 (Europe and Turkey)
2014–2023 (North America)
AssemblyAlmussafes, Valencia, Spain (Ford Valencia Body and Assembly)
DesignerPaul Wraith[9]
Body and chassis
Body style4-/5-door panel van
5-door LAV
PlatformFord Global C-car Platform
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission6-speed automatic 6F-35
6-speed manual B6
5-speed manual iB5
8-speed automatic 8F35 (2019-present)
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • SWB: 104.8 in (2,660 mm)[10]
  • LWB: 120.6 in (3,060 mm)[10]
Length
  • SWB: 173.9 in (4,420 mm)[10]
  • LWB: 189.7 in (4,820 mm)[10]
Width72.2 in (1,830 mm)[10]
Height
  • SWB: 72.6 in (1,840 mm)[10]
  • LWB: 72.0 in (1,830 mm)[10]
Curb weight
  • SWB Wagon: 3,630 lb (1,650 kg)[10]
  • LWB Wagon: 3,979 lb (1,805 kg)[10]

The second generation Transit Connect was introduced on 6 September 2012 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. In its first redesign since its 2002 introduction, the 2014 Transit Connect adopts many features of the Kinetic Design language. A major design change is an optional rear liftgate in addition to the double doors preferred by commercial buyers and wheelchair users.[11] The Transit Connect will include the optional new feature called MyKey, a personalized key system. MyKey owner controls let the vehicle owner program different keys to restrict different vehicle features, such as top speed and maximum radio volume.[12]

Production now takes place at Valencia, Spain. As before, to avoid the 25% tariff on imported trucks, all cargo vans sold in the United States are built and shipped as passenger vans, which are then converted to cargo configuration before delivery.[13] Reports have been published that US Customs told Ford that they must stop this practice.[14]

 
Rear
 
View of optional front liftgate
 
View of optional rear liftgate

North AmericaEdit

The 2014 Transit Connect is powered by a 2.5 L inline-4, or a 1.6 L EcoBoost turbocharged inline-4. The only transmission type available is the 6-speed 6F-35 automatic. For buyers interested in alternative-fuel vehicles, Ford offers optional hardware allowing for the 2.5L engine to be converted to use CNG or LPG/propane instead of gasoline.[15]

When sold in the United States, the Tourneo Connect bears the "Transit Connect Wagon" moniker, available in two wheelbases, and with a choice of 5 or 7-passenger seating. The latter configuration is the first 7-passenger minivan sold by Ford since the 2007 discontinuation of the Ford Freestar and Mercury Monterey.[16][17][needs update]

In 2014, it was available in three models:[citation needed]

XL: 2.5L I4 engine, 6-speed 6F-35 automatic transmission, front-wheel-drive, A/M-F/M stereo with auxiliary audio input jack, two speakers (four speakers for Passenger model), vinyl seating surfaces, manual windows, manual door locks, and sixteen-inch black-painted steel wheels w/ plastic wheel covers. The XL is actually slotted above the XLT in price on the Passenger model.

XLT adds: A/M-F/M stereo with HD Radio, USB and auxiliary audio input jacks and four speakers (Cargo model) or six speakers (Passenger model), Ford SYNC, power windows, and power door locks. The XLT is actually slotted below the XL in price on the Passenger model.

Titanium, for Passenger model only adds: A/M-F/M stereo with HD Radio, single-disc CD/MP3 player, rear backup camera, USB and auxiliary audio input jacks, leather seating surfaces, third-row seating, keyless entry and security system, increased interior sound deadening and interior panels, and sixteen-inch alloy wheels (upgradeable to seventeen-inch alloy wheels), as well as exterior-colored bumpers and exterior accents. This is the top-of-the-line Transit Connect model for the Passenger model, and is only available for the Passenger model.

2019 faceliftEdit

For the 2019 model year, the Transit Connect underwent a mid-cycle revision, receiving updates to the front fascia, with the interior receiving a redesigned dashboard.[18] Retaining the multiple wheelbases and body heights from its 2014 launch, the facelifted model replaces the 2.5L engine with a 2.0L direct-injection I4 (the 2.5L engine remains an option for LPG/CNG conversion).[18] At the launch of the model facelift, a 1.5L EcoBlue diesel engine was announced; both engines were paired with an 8-speed automatic transmission. In July 2019, after several delays, production of the diesel Transit Connect was abandoned for North America.[19]

For 2020 production, Ford ended production of the short-wheelbase Transit Connect passenger van, solely offering the three-row body style.[19]

Safety and recallEdit

In 2017, Ford recalled 2013-2015 Ford Transit Connect with 1.6 ecoboost engines because of a risk of engine fires caused by a “lack of coolant circulation”. The recall partly contributed to a charge of US$300 million by Ford.[20][21]

Discontinuation from North AmericaEdit

In 2022, Ford announced that the Ford Transit Connect will be discontinued from the American and Canadian markets after the 2023 model year due to poor sales. Ford initially planned to manufacture a 3rd generation of the Ford Transit Connect in Mexico for export to the United States and Canada, instead of manufacturing them in Spain, to avoid having to manufacture the cargo variants of the Transit Connect as passenger vans and then convert them to cargo configuration after entry into the US before being delivered, while still avoiding the 25% US chicken tax tariffs imposed on imported commercial vans and trucks. However, Ford cancelled these plans of building a 3rd generation Ford Transit Connect in Mexico for export to the US and Canada, due to declining sales of the small van segment in those markets, as customers in the US and Canada prefer pickup trucks such as the Ford Ranger, Ford F-150, and Ford Super Duty family and large vans such as full-size Ford Transit over small vans such as the compact Ford Transit Connect for commercial use. Customers in the US and Canada also prefer crossovers and SUVs over the Ford Transit Connect passenger van for passenger use. The Ford Transit Connect will continue to sold in other markets beyond 2023 in a 3rd generation form (which is a rebadged and restyled version of the 4th generation Volkswagen Caddy van, both of which are manufactured in Poland) due to much better sales.[22][23]

Cargo capacitiesEdit

  • Short Wheel Base: 122.6 cu ft (3.48 m³) total[24][25]
  • 105 cu. ft. (2.97 m³) of cargo space[26]
  • 100+ cu ft. + Cargo volume behind first row (second-row seats folded)
  • 50.0+ cu. ft Cargo volume behind second row
  • Long Wheel Base: 168.5 cu ft (4.77 m³) total[24][25]
  • 130 cu. ft. (3.68 m³) cargo[26]
  • 19.8 cu ft Cargo volume behind third row, with seats slid forward
  • 100+ cu ft. + Cargo volume behind first row (second-row seats folded)
  • Towing: The 2014 Transit Connect is rated to tow 2,000 lb (910 kg).[10][24]

Max speed and fuel usageEdit

The 2014-2021 Ford Transit Connect with the 2.5L engine has an est. MPG(City): 20 mpg‑US (12 L/100 km), MPG(Highway): 27 mpg‑US (8.7 L/100 km), 0–60 time: 9.5 sec. and top speed of 108 miles per hour (174 km/h).[27][28] The 2022 models with the 2.5L engine saw a reduction to 26 mpg‑US (9.0 L/100 km) highway. While the 2019-2022 models with the 2.0L GDI engine were rated at 24 mpg‑US (9.8 L/100 km) city and 28 mpg‑US (8.4 L/100 km) or 29 mpg‑US (8.1 L/100 km) highway, depending on trim level.[28]

Third generation (2021)Edit

The third-generation Tourneo Connect for the European market was released in October 2021 as a rebadged and restyled fourth-generation Volkswagen Caddy.[29]

Tariff circumventionEdit

As the Transit Connect is a light truck assembled outside of North America, Ford imports the model line into the United States as a passenger vehicle, equipping it with rear side windows, rear seats (and rear seat belts) in an effort to circumvent the 25% tariff on imported light trucks,[1] as imported passenger vehicles were subject to a lower 2.5% tariff. The first-generation vehicles were exported from Turkey to Baltimore on cargo ships owned by Wallenius Wilhelmsen Logistics. Upon their arrival, cargo examples of the Transit Connect were converted into commercial vehicles at a WWL Vehicle Services Americas Inc. facility. With the exception of Transit Connect Wagons, rear windows on Transit Connects were replaced by metal panels and rear seats/seatbelts were deleted; the removed parts were recycled.[1]

The process exploited a perceived loophole in the customs definition of a commercial vehicle. As cargo does not need seats with seat belts or rear windows, presence of those items exempted the vehicle from commercial vehicle status. While the conversion cost Ford hundreds of dollars per vehicle, the company saved thousands of dollars over paying the tariff.[1] To streamline the process, Ford only exported the long-wheelbase, high-roof Transit Connect to North America. With a height of 79 inches, the model line was only an inch lower than the lowest-height E-Series van, precluding its access to lower-height parking garages.[30]

For the second generation of the model line, Ford shifted production of the model line from Turkey to Spain, but continued to rely on imported production as a source for the Transit Connect in North America. In 2013, US Customs told Ford that they must stop this practice of importing vans disguised as passenger cars.[14] As of July 2018, Ford continued to employ the loophole but remained continuously in court over the practice.[31] On June 7, 2019, the United States won its appeal in the Federal Appellate Court. The court determined that the Ford Transit Connect was a vehicle for the transportation of cargo.[32]

Since 2019 production, the conversion process of Transit Connects has undergone major revision. While all vehicles are still imported from Spain as passenger vehicles and converted to cargo vans (a process that happens to approximately 85% of Transit Connects imported to North America[18]), the conversion no longer involves the disposal/recycling of the removed parts; instead, the removed rear seats and rear window components are shipped back to Ford in Spain for reuse.[18]

Fleet usageEdit

Grumman LLV replacementEdit

 
Ford Transit Connect of Canada Post

On 18 March 2010, Canada Post and Ford Motor Company announced that Canada Post would purchase a fleet of Ford Transit Connect vans to replace their aging fleet of Grumman LLV vehicles.[33] Right-hand-drive tooling already existed for the versions sold in RHD markets, but all Canada Post Transit Connects are left-hand drive.

TaxicabEdit

 
Ford Transit New York City's Taxi of Tomorrow.

In fleet (taxi) applications, Ford markets the Ford Transit Connect Wagon as a replacement for the Ford Crown Victoria LWB (discontinued in 2011). For taxi use, modifications include shifting the rear seat several inches rearward (to increase legroom and to allow for the fitment of a partition), rear-seat climate controls, and school bus yellow paint.[34]

By 2011, the Transit Connect was one of three finalists (alongside the Karsan V-1 and the Nissan NV200) in the New York City Taxi of Tomorrow bid, in a potential 10-year contract to supply the city with taxicabs exclusively.[35] While losing the Taxi of Tomorrow bid to the Nissan NV200, the Transit Connect Wagon remains in use as a taxicab replacement for the Crown Victoria in New York City (as an accessible cab) and other American municipalities, as well as Hong Kong.

VariantsEdit

Transit Connect ElectricEdit

 
Ford Transit Connect Electric

At the 2009 Chicago Auto Show, Ford confirmed development of a battery-powered version of the Transit Connect.[36] Later at the Geneva Auto Show the same year, Ford showed a prototype electric version of the Ford Tourneo Connect passenger van, which is closely related to the Ford Transit Connect. Ford originally announced Smith Electric Vehicles would install the electric drivetrains and lithium-ion battery packs in the vehicles,[37] but they later partnered with Azure Dynamics Corporation instead,[38] with Johnson Controls-Saft as the battery supplier.[39]

Production of the Transit Connect Electric began in December 2010,[40][41] and Azure Dynamics is the official manufacturer of record.[42] The official US Environmental Protection Agency range is 56 mi (90 km) and has a combined city/highway fuel economy rating of 62 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (3.8 L/100 km equivalent) based on the five-cycle tests using varying driving conditions and climate controls.[43] The electric van costs US$57,400, which more than doubles the price of the gas-powered version even after federal and any state or local incentives for electric vehicles is discounted.[40][41]

Transit Connect X-PressEdit

In 2004, Ford of Europe created the Ford Transit Connect X-Press, based upon a pre-production Transit Connect prototype and a 212 hp 2.0L engine of the Ford Focus RS.[44] Using a short-wheelbase cargo van with a rear liftgate, the X-Press is fitted with the front suspension, four-wheel disc brakes, and steering of the Focus RS.[45] The cargo bay is fitted with a full-body roll cage along with two spare tires.[44][45]

During 2006, the Transit Connect X-Press saw minor exterior changes to better reflect the production vehicle.[45]

Tourneo ConnectEdit

The Ford Tourneo Connect is a leisure activity vehicle produced by Ford, which was first put into production in 2002 to the British market. Much like the Tourneo is a passenger version of the Transit, the Tourneo Connect was designed with rear windows and seats. Principally termed a commercial vehicle, Ford predicted relatively low sales of between 800–1000 mainly to taxi operators, due to its given status as a commercial vehicle. However, Ford described the Connect as a 'dual use' vehicle, equally able to meet business and leisure needs. It was put into production to rival the similar models of the Citroën Berlingo, Peugeot Partner, Volkswagen Caddy, Fiat Doblò and the Opel/Vauxhall Combo Tour.

The Connect, when first sold, was the only vehicle of its kind to offer folding and separately removable 60/40 split rear seats that allowed multiple seating formations and increased load capacity. It also boasted the option of twin sliding side load doors as well as rear doors or a tailgate, whereas neither of its main competitors have this option. The Connect's design emphasizes Ford's ideal that the vehicle be multipurpose.

ElectricEdit

Ford presented the Ford Tourneo Connect battery electric concept vehicle at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. It features a 21 kWh lithium iron phosphate battery pack, a 50 kW permanent magnet motor, and a single-speed transmission, for a range of up to 160 kilometres (99 mi) and top speed of about 113 kilometres per hour (70 mph).[46] Its BEV technology was developed in collaboration with Smith Electric Vehicles.[47]

SalesEdit

Calendar year U.S.
2009 8,834
2010 27,405
2011 31,914
2012 37,521
2013 39,703
2014 43,210
2015 52,221
2016 43,232
2017 34,473
2018 31,923
2019 41,598
2020 34,596
2021 26,112
Total 452,742

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit