Ford F-Series (fifth generation)

The fifth generation of the Ford F-Series is a line of pickup trucks and commercial trucks that were produced by Ford from the 1967 to 1972 model years. Built on the same platform as the fourth generation F-series trucks, the fifth generation had sharper styling lines, a larger cab and greenhouse, and expanded engine options.

Fifth generation Ford F-Series
1967 Ford F100 Ranger.jpg
1967 Ford F-100 Ranger
Overview
ManufacturerFord
Also calledMercury M-Series
Production1966–1972
1972—1992 (Brazil)
1968—1973 (Argentina)
AssemblyValencia, Carabobo, Venezuela (Valencia Assembly)
Cuautitlan, Mexico
Dearborn, Michigan, USA
Edison, New Jersey, USA
Kansas City, Missouri, USA
Long Beach, California, USA
Norfolk Assembly (Norfolk, Virginia, USA)
St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
General Pacheco, Argentina (Ford Argentina)
Casablanca, Chile
São Paulo, Brazil (Ford Brazil)
Hapeville, Georgia, USA
Louisville, Kentucky, USA
San Jose, California, USA
Wayne, Michigan, USA
Oakville, Ontario (Ontario Truck Plant), Canada
Campbellfield, Australia (Ford Australia)
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size pickup truck
Body style2-door and 4-door pickup
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
EnginePetrol
140 CID (2.3 L) Lima l4 (Brazil)
170 CID (2.8 L) Thriftpower I6
221 CID (3.6 L) l6 (Argentina)
240 CID (3.9 L) I6
272 CID (4.5 L) Y-block V8 (Brazil)
289 CID (4.7 L) Windsor V8 (Mexico)
292 CID (4.8 L) Y-block V8 (Argentina)
300 CID (4.9 L) I6
302 CID (5.0 L) Windsor V8
335 CID (5.4 L) V8 (Mexico, medium-duty only)
352 CID (5.8 L)
FE V8
360 CID (5.9 L)
FE V8
390 CID (6.4 L)
FE V8
Diesel
203 CID (3.3 L) Perkins l4 diesel (Argentina)
239 CID (3.9 L) MWM l4 diesel (Brazil)
Dimensions
Wheelbase100: 115.0 in (2,921 mm) (short bed)
100: 131.0 in (3,327 mm) (long bed)[1]
250: 131.0 in (3,327 mm)[2][3]
250: 149.0 in (3,785 mm) (crew cab)
350: 135.0 in (3,429 mm) (short)[3]
350: 159.0 in (4,039 mm) (long)[3]
350: 164.5 in (4,178 mm) (crew cab)
Chronology
PredecessorFourth generation F-series (1961–66)
SuccessorSixth generation F-series (1973–79)

Three trim levels were available during the production of the fifth generation F-series, though the names were changed in 1970. The "Base" trim became the "Custom" and the "Custom Cab" became the "Sport Custom" joining "Ranger" as optional levels of equipment and trim. Late in production the Ranger trim level was upgraded with the additional "Ranger XLT" option.[4]

Year by year changesEdit

  • 1967: Introduction of fifth-generation F-Series in 1966 for the 1967 model year. Cab is 3 inches (7.6 cm) wider than predecessor and frame is heavier. Grille, exterior trim, interior cab fittings and engine choices are unique to this year. Trim levels are "Base", "Custom Cab", and "Ranger".
  • 1968: As federal regulations required all automotive manufacturers to install side marker reflectors or lights, Ford redesigned the hood emblems to incorporate reflectors as well as added reflectors to the rear of the bed. Interior fittings changed due to new safety standards. New versions of the FE-Series engine added (360 truck and 390). First year of factory-installed air conditioning (air conditioning was installed by the dealer before 1968).
  • 1969: New grille design, new 302 Windsor V8 engine option.
  • 1970: Mid-cycle update with many detail changes including a completely new grille including wraparound front turn signals, exterior trim changes, and new side marker lights. "Sport Custom" trim replaces "Custom Cab", and "Ranger XLT" added as top trim level.

ArgentinaEdit

A new engine choice to the local market is introduced in that year: the diesel engine, which was a Perkins 3.3 L (203 cu in) l4 engine with 120 hp SAE at 3,000 RPM. Also, another change are the alternator, replacing the dynamo.

MexicoEdit

The new 335 cu in (5.4 L) V8 engine was introduced as a new engine option, only in medium duty trucks. This engine was designed by Mexican Ford engineers and was relative of the Windsor family and was based in the 351 and 302 ones, with a stronger crankshaft and elongated stroke. The 335 had a Holley 2-barrel carburetor and had an output of 200 hp at 4,000 RPM. This engine co-existed with the 289 cu in V8 up to 1972.

  • 1971: New grille inserts, steering wheel design, and colors. AM/FM radios are added as an option.
  • 1972: Final year of production (in North America). Minor detail changes and power brakes become a new option on upper level trim options.

Special modelsEdit

 
1969 Ford F-100 Ranger
 
A 1969 Ford F-100 Explorer (Canada)
 
1971 F-250 Camper Special

After 1968, Ford discontinued the "Low GVWR" versions. Still available was the Camper Special option (heavy duty cooling, camper pre-wiring, and larger alternator) along with the new Explorer Special (a limited edition trim and option package that combined many of the "Ranger" trim pieces with a lower overall price), Contractor's Special (including a behind the seat toolbox and 3/4 ton (F-250) suspension), Farm and Ranch Special (extra toolboxes and heavy springs), and Heavy-Duty Special (extra hauling abilities). These special models had various levels of options factory installed to appeal to different target groups.[5][6]

ArgentinaEdit

The fifth-generation F-Series was introduced in Argentina in 1968, where it remained in production until circa 1973. Was made in the following models: F-100,[7] F-350[8] the medium duty truck F-600[9] and the F-700.[10] It remained almost on par with the US range, without major chronological mismatches, in terms of the renewal of the range. The local make Igarreta, provides some interesting versions with custom configurations for private companies and also for the Argentine State.

BrazilEdit

 
Late Brazilian-built Ford F-1000, this one a double-cab conversion ("Galáxia")

The fifth-generation F-Series was introduced in Brazil in 1972, where it remained in production until circa 1992.[11] It received a series of changes and updates over the two decades of production, eventually being fitted with a 4-cylinder MWM 3.9 liter Diesel engine available in both naturally-aspirated (D229-4) and turbocharged versions (TD229-4) in a local equivalent to the F-250 badged as F-1000, also available with a 6-cylinder 3.4 liter engine both in gasoline and dedicated-ethanol versions, while the F-100 retained the gasoline-powered Y-Block 272 V8 and the Georgia OHC 2.3L 4-cyl in both gasoline and dedicated-ethanol versions. It was the last Ford truck manufactured in the Ipiranga plant which closed soon after the truck's discontinuation. Brazilian F-100 and F-1000 were only available with a single cab and 2-wheel drive, but a number of local specialists custom-built double cabs, and Engesa provided an aftermarket 4-wheel drive conversion.

CanadaEdit

In Canada the Explorer Special was a trim level that sat between the base model truck and Custom Cab. It used the Custom Cab trim and grill but didn't include things like a radio.

ModelsEdit

  • F-100: 1/2 ton (5,500 GVWR max)
  • F-100: 1/2 ton (4x4) (5,600 GVWR max)
  • F-250: 3/4 ton (up to 8,100 GVWR max)
  • F-250: 3/4 ton (4×4) (8,200 GVWR max)
  • F-350: 1 ton (up to 10,000 GVWR max) Dual rear wheels available
 
1972 Crew Cab Pickup

Bed optionsEdit

Styleside on F-100 and F-250. 6.5' and 8' lengths.

Flareside on all models, 6.5', 8' and 9' (F-350 only) lengths.

Platform stakes on F-250 and F-350 in 9' and 12' lengths.

Cab optionsEdit

Standard cab on all models.

Crew cab with seating for six and four doors optional on F-250 and F-350.

EnginesEdit

Engine Years Power
170 CID Thriftpower I6 1967-? 105 hp (78 kW)
240 CID I6 1967–1972 150 hp (112 kW)

121 hp (90 kW)

300 CID I6 1967-1972 170 hp (127 kW)

165 hp (123 kW)

352 CID FE V8 1967 208 hp (155 kW)
360 CID FE V8 1968–1972 215 hp (160 kW)

196 hp (146 kW)

390 CID FE V8 1968–1972 255 hp (190 kW)

201 hp (150 kW)

302 CID Windsor V8 1969–1972 205 hp (153 kW)

154 hp (115 kW)

NOTE: hp ratings sourced from original ford truck dealer brochures and 1967 Mercury/Ford Truck owners manual (170 CID)

Medium-Duty F-seriesEdit

The heavier duty models (F-500 and up) continued to be built on the fifth generation chassis even after the lighter-duty models were replaced. In 1977, the lightest F-500 was discontinued, leaving the F-600 as the lightest of the medium-duties. It was built until the introduction of the seventh generation F-series in late 1979.

ReferencesEdit