Flower of the Year Campaign in Germany

In 1979, Loki Schmidt (1919–2010), the spouse of former German Federal chancellor Helmut Schmidt, founded the Stiftung zum Schutze gefährdeter Pflanzen ("Foundation for the protection of endangered plants") which became the Stiftung Naturschutz Hamburg und Stiftung zum Schutze gefährdeter Pflanzen ("Foundation Nature Conservancy Hamburg and for the protection of endangered plants") in 1985. One of the main purposes of this organisation is a public awareness campaign about the ecological value of wildflowers. This campaign which celebrate a wildflower of the year was established in 1980. The announcement for the flower of the year is often published in October and events to protect the critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable wildflowers are organised. In 2003, Schmidt published a book about this campaign with watercolour illustrations of the plants by herself and a foreword titled "With Loki's eyes" written by Siegfried Lenz.

List of wildflowers announced as Flower of the Year in GermanyEdit

Year Scientific name English name German name Image
1980 Gentiana pneumonanthe Marsh gentian Lungen-Enzian  
1981 Narcissus pseudonarcissus Wild daffodil Gelbe Narzisse  
1982 Cephalanthera rubra Red helleborine Rotes Waldvögelein  
1983 Tulipa sylvestris Wild tulip Wildtulpe  
1984 Adonis aestivalis Summer pheasant's-eye Sommer-Adonisröschen  
1985 Aquilegia vulgaris Common columbine Wald-Akelei  
1986 Arnica montana Mountain arnica Arnika  
1987 Eryngium maritimum Sea holly Stranddistel  
1988 Calla palustris Bog arum Sumpf-Calla, Drachenwurz  
1989 Dianthus carthusianorum Carthusian pink Karthäuser-Nelke  
1990 Jasione montana Sheep's bit scabious Sandknöpfchen  
1991 Andromeda polifolia Bog-rosemary Rosmarinheide  
1992 Drosera rotundifolia Common sundew Rundblättriger Sonnentau  
1993 Fritillaria meleagris Snake's-head fritillary Schachbrettblume  
1994 Dactylorhiza majalis Western marsh orchid Breitblättriges Knabenkraut  
1995 Trollius europaeus Globe-flower Trollblume  
1996 Pulsatilla vulgaris Pasque-flower Echte Küchenschelle, Kuhschelle  
1997 Carlina acaulis Stemless carline thistle Silberdistel  
1998 Stratiotes aloides Water soldier Krebsschere, Wasseraloe  
1999 Caltha palustris Marsh marigold Sumpfdotterblume  
2000 Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum Purple gromwell Purpurblauer Steinsame  
2001 Geranium sanguineum Bloody cranesbill Blutroter Storchschnabel  
2002 Viola riviniana Common dog-violet Hain-Veilchen  
2003 Agrostemma githago Common corncockle Kornrade  
2004 Soldanella alpina Alpine snowbell Alpenglöckchen  
2005 Rhinanthus angustifolius Greater yellow-rattle Großer Klappertopf  
2006 Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower Wiesen-Schaumkraut  
2007 Geum rivale Water avens Bach-Nelkenwurz  
2008 Carduus nutans Nodding thistle Nickende Distel  
2009 Cichorium intybus Common chicory Wegwarte  
2010 Iris sibirica Siberian iris Sibirische Schwertlilie  
2011 Narthecium ossifragum Bog asphodel Moorlilie  
2012 Dianthus deltoides Maiden pink Heidenelke  
2013 Anemone hepatica Common hepatica Leberblümchen  
2014 Butomus umbellatus Flowering rush Schwanenblume  
2015 Succisa pratensis Devil's-bit Gewöhnlicher Teufelsabbiss  
2016 Primula veris Cowslip Echte Schlüsselblume  
2017 Papaver rhoeas Common poppy Klatschmohn  
2018 Veronica longifolia Garden speedwell Langblättriger Ehrenpreis  
2019 Calluna vulgaris Common Heather Besenheide  
2020 Menyanthes trifoliata Bogbean Fieberklee  

ReferencesEdit

  • Loki Schmidt (2003). Die Blumen des Jahres [The Flowers of the Year] (in German). Hamburg: Hoffmann und Campe. ISBN 978-3-455-09395-7.
  • "Blume des Jahres" [Flower of the Year] (in German). Stiftung Naturschutz Hamburg und Stiftung Loki Schmidt. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011.

External linksEdit