Trollius europaeus

Trollius europaeus, the globeflower,[1] is a perennial flowering plant of the family Ranunculaceae. The plant is native to Europe and Western Asia and is a protected species in Russia and Bulgaria.

Trollius europaeus
Trollius europaeus flower - Keila.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Trollius
Species:
T. europaeus
Binomial name
Trollius europaeus

In Udmurtia, this plant is one of the national symbols of the republic, with many different objects named after it.[2]

DescriptionEdit

Trollius europaeus grows up to 60 cm high with a bright yellow, globe-shaped flower up to 3 cm across. The colourful petaloid sepals hide 5–15 inconspicuous true petals with nectaries at their base and, typically for the family, a large number of stamens. Each flower produces a large number of wrinkled follicles. The leaves are deeply divided into 3–5 toothed lobes.

It grows in damp ground in shady areas, woodland and scrub, flowering between June and August.

This species is pollinated mostly by seed-eating flies belonging to the genus Chiastocheta (Anthomyiidae).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ Италмас – такой, как алмаз (in Russian)