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The Florida Army National Guard is Florida's component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. In the United States, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the federal army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. Federal coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau. The Florida Army National Guard was composed of approximately 10,000 soldiers (as of March 2009).[2] The main state training grounds is Camp Blanding.

Florida Army National Guard
Seal of the United States Army National Guard.svg
Country United States
Allegiance Florida
BranchArmy National Guard
TypeARNG Headquarters Command
RoleMilitary reserve force
Part ofFlorida National Guard
Garrison/HQSt. Augustine, Florida
Motto(s)"We Accept the Challenge"
Commanders
Current
commander
MG Michael A. Calhoun[1]

Florida Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same enlisted ranks and officer ranks and insignia used by the United States Army are used by Army National Guardsmen and the latter are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Florida National Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Florida.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The predecessor of the Florida Army National Guard was a Spanish Florida militia formed in 1565 in the newly established presidio town of St. Augustine. On September 20, 1565, Spanish admiral and Florida's first governor, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, attacked and defended Florida from an attempted French settlement at Fort Caroline, in what is now Jacksonville.[3] The subsequent Florida militia served with the Spanish crown for 236 years, Great Britain for a 20 years, and the Confederate States of America for 5 years.

In 1702–1704, an inter-Indian Native American conflict started as part of Queen Anne's War involving the English armies on one side and the Spanish on another resulted in the Apalachee massacre. The conflict later also escalated into the Yamasee War. After the end of the First Seminole War in 1821, the Florida provinces joined the United States, a process finalized in the ratification of the Adams–Onís Treaty. From 1835 to 1842 the Second Seminole War resulted in the elimination by force of most of the Native Americans from the territory. Florida was incorporated into the United States as a state in 1845. After Florida's incorporation into the United States problems with Seminoles continued until almost 1860.

Some of the immediate origins of the Florida ARNG today can be traced to the Florida State Troops. Today's 124th Infantry Regiment was reorganized and established in the Florida State Troops as five battalions between 1888–1892.

The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. The Florida ARNG included elements of the 51st Infantry Division from 11 September 1946 to 1963 and was originally headquartered at the Fort Homer Hesterly Armory in Tampa, Florida.[4] The Florida ARNG also included the 48th Armored Division from 1954 to 1968.

In 1986, the 1st Battalion, 111th Aviation Regiment, was organized from pre-existing Florida ARNG aviation units at Craig Airport in Jacksonville and Lakeland Linder Regional Airport in Lakeland, the Lakeland unit relocating to Brooksville–Tampa Bay Regional Airport in Brooksville in 1999 and the Craig Airport unit relocating to Cecil Airport, the former NAS Cecil Field, in 2000.

The Florida Army National Guard was composed of approximately 9,950 soldiers in January 2001,[2] subsequently increasing to its current size

Historic unitsEdit

UnitsEdit

  53rd Infantry Brigade Combat Team (53rd IBCT)

  83rd Troop Command

50th Regional Support Group (50th RSG)

  164th Air Defense Artillery Brigade (164th ADAB)

  •  1st Battalion, 265th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (1-265th ADAR) (Avenger)
  •  3rd Battalion 265th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, (3-265th ADAR) (Avenger)
  • 254th Transportation Battalion
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment 254th Transportation Battalion
    • 715th Military Police Company
    • 806th Military Police Company
    • 690th Military Police Company
    • 1218th Transportation Company (Cargo)

DutiesEdit

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments, e.g. TDY), but only as part of their respective units.

Active Duty CallupsEdit

Army National Guard personnel who are "Traditional Guardsmen" (TG) typically serve "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a smaller portion of personnel working for the Guard in a full-time capacity as either Active Guard Reserve (AGR) or Army Reserve Technicians (ART). TG personnel in more intensive combat specialties, such as on active flying status in Army Aviation or in unique ground units such as Special Forces, will often perform additional military duty beyond the standard 48 weekend drills and 17 days on active duty annual training, with such periods of duty often totaling in excess of 100 days per year.

Current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy has changed 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies). The largest mobilization in state history began in mid-2009. More than 4,000 FLARNG soldiers were called to active duty and most were to be deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.flgov.com/2015/01/07/governor-scott-announces-brigadier-general-michael-a-calhoun-as-the-adjutant-general-of-florida/
  2. ^ a b Florida Army National Guard
  3. ^ "Four-and-a-half centuries of militia tradition – Department of Military of Affairs". Retrieved 2014-11-02.
  4. ^ Wilson, John B. (1997). Maneuver and Firepower: The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History.
  5. ^ The 111th Aviation Regiment's Lineage and Honors state that it was '..Organized in the Florida Army National Guard as Company D, 26th Aviation Battalion and Federally recognized 1 September 1978 at Jacksonville. Expanded, reorganized and redesignated 2 October 1986 as the 419th Aviation Battalion. Redesignated 1 October 1987 as the 111th Aviation, a parent regiment under the United States Army Regimental System to consist of the 1st Battalion at Jacksonville. See http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/1-111avn.htm
  6. ^ Captain Harrison G. Carmody, 166th AV trains 2-111th on airfield operations, August 19, 2013.
  7. ^ http://capitalsoup.com/2010/05/09/fla-army-national-guards-2-111th-aviation-battalion-returns-home/
  8. ^ http://www.miamiherald.com/466/story/1016140.html

External linksEdit