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|Flexor carpi ulnaris|
|Origin||Medial epicondyle (common flexor tendon) and medial margin on olecranon of ulna|
|Insertion||Pisiform, hook of the hamate, base of the fifth metacarpal bone (Volar Aspect)|
|Nerve||Muscular branches of ulnar nerve (from C8 and T1)|
|Actions||Flexion and adduction of wrist|
|Antagonist||Extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle and extensor carpi radialis longus muscle|
|Latin||Musculus flexor carpi ulnaris|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The flexor carpi ulnaris has two heads; a humeral head and ulnar head. The humeral head originates from the medial epicondyle of the humerus via the common flexor tendon. The ulnar head originates from the medial margin of the olecranon of the ulnar and the upper two-thirds of the dorsal border of the ulnar by an aponeurosis. Between the two heads passes the ulnar nerve and ulnar artery.
The flexor carpi ulnaris flexes and adducts at the wrist joint.
The tendon of flexor carpi ulnaris can be seen on the anterior surface of the distal forearm. On a person's distal forearm, just before the wrist, there are either two or three tendons. The tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris is the most medial (closest to the little finger) of these. The most lateral one is the tendon of flexor carpi radialis muscle, and the middle one, not always present, is the tendon of palmaris longus.
The muscle, like all flexors of the forearm, can be strengthened by exercises that resist its flexion. A wrist roller can be used and wrist curls with dumbbells can also be performed. These exercises are used to prevent injury to the ulnar collateral ligament of elbow joint.
The muscle can be doubled as accessory flexor carpi ulnaris muscle and is often accompanied by concomitant variants.
Ulnar entrapment by the aponeurosis of the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle may cause cubital tunnel syndrome.
Tendon of flexor carpi ulnaris can be used for tendon transfer.
- Kunc, Vojtech; Stulpa, Michal; Feigl, Georg; Kachlik, David (2019-05-29). "Accessory flexor carpi ulnaris muscle with associated anterior interosseous artery variation: case report with the definition of a new type and review of concomitant variants". Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy. 41 (11): 1315–1318. doi:10.1007/s00276-019-02261-4. ISSN 0930-1038. PMID 31144008. S2CID 169032218.
- Illustration: upper-body/flexor-carpi-ulnaris from The Department of Radiology at the University of Washington