Flag of Namibia
|Use||National flag and ensign|
|Adopted||21 March 1990|
|Design||A white-edged red diagonal band radiating from the lower hoist-side corner. The upper triangle is blue, charged with a gold sun with 12 triangular rays and the lower triangle is green.|
|Designed by||Theo Jankowski|
Variant flag of Republic of Namibia
|Design||A white field with the national flag in the canton.|
The National Symbols Sub-Committee received 870 entries for the national flag. Six designs were short-listed; this was reduced to three, those of three Namibians – Theo Jankowski of Rehoboth, Don Stevenson of Windhoek and Ortrud Clay of Lüderitz. These three designs were combined to form the Namibia national flag, adopted unanimously on 2 February 1990 by the Constituent Assembly. The three designers were publicly acknowledged by judge Hans Berker, the chairman of the subcommittee, at the unveiling ceremony on 9 March 1990.
However, two other claims were made – South African Frederick Brownell claimed that he had designed the flag in his role as South African State Herald. The other claimant was Briton Roy Allen, who claimed that the flag design was the result of a competition run by Hannes Smith of the Windhoek Observer, and that he had won.
The colours of the Namibian flag are described in the Government Gazette. This document also details construction of the Presidential flag. The tone or specific shade for white has not been specified.
|Color model||Blue||Yellow (gold)||Green||Red|
|Pantone||294 C||116 C||347 C||186 C|
|Coates SP||5 809||1 802||65||35|
|RGB||0, 47, 108 (#002F6C)||255, 205, 0 (#FFCD00)||0, 154, 68 (#009A44)||200, 16, 46 (#C8102E)|
The chairman explained the symbolism of the flag's colours as follows:
- Red – represents Namibia's most important resource, its people. It refers to their heroism and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all.
- White – represents peace and unity.
- Green – symbolises vegetation and agricultural resources.
- Blue – represents the clear Namibian sky and the Atlantic Ocean, the country's precious water resources and rain.
- Golden-yellow sun – life and energy
The flag has a white-edged red diagonal band radiating diagonally from the lower hoist-side corner. The upper triangle is blue with a gold sun with 12 triangular rays and the lower triangle is green.
In Blazon: Tierced per bend sinister Azure, and Vert, a bend sinister Gules fimbriated Argent and in dexter chief a Sun with twelve straight rays Or charged with an annulet Azure.
Flag of German South-West Africa from 24 April 1884 to 9 July 1915.
Proposed flag of German South-West Africa in 1914, which was never implemented.
Flag of SWAPO used at the United Nations between 1976 and 21 March 1990.
Flags of bantustans in South West AfricaEdit
Some of the bantustans established by South Africa during its period of administering South West Africa had adopted their own distinctive flags whilst others used the flag of South Africa.
- Kangootui, Herman; Amagola, Elizabeth (14 June 2018). "The Namibian flag: Its origins and spirit that inspire the nation". New Era. Archived from the original on 30 June 2018.
- (reported by) FG Brownell (December 1990), Coats of Arms and Flags in Namibia (A series of 8 articles.)
- Schütz, Helge (23 October 2015). "Allen from Plymouth ... The man who designed the Namibian flag". The Namibian.
- "Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia, No. 6807" (PDF). Government of the Republic of Namibia.
- Find a PANTONE color. Pantone LLC. Pantone Color Picker [Retrieved 10 January 2020].