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First inauguration of James Monroe

The first inauguration of James Monroe as the fifth President of the United States was held on Tuesday, March 4, 1817, in front of the Old Brick Capitol, where the Supreme Court building now stands. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of James Monroe as President and Daniel D. Tompkins as Vice President. The Chief Justice, John Marshall administered the oath of office.[1]

First Presidential Inauguration of James Monroe
MONROE, James-President (BEP engraved portrait).jpg
BEP engraved portrait of Monroe as President.
DateMarch 4, 1817; 202 years ago (1817-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Old Brick Capitol
ParticipantsPresident James Monroe
Vice President Daniel D. Tompkins


On March 4, 1817, Monroe arrived at the Capitol at noon in front of a large crowd of around 8000 people, the largest crowd to gather in the city to that point. The ceremony, unlike previous inaugurations, took place outside on a platform because Congress could not agree on protocols for an indoor occasion. Henry Clay, unhappy that Monroe did not appoint him Secretary of State, had opposed an event in the House chamber and did not attend the inauguration. The weather was mild and sunny. The Marine Corps and some militia regiments were the first to greet Monroe on his arrival.[2]

After vice president Tompkins spoke briefly, Monroe, never a good public speaker, gave his inaugural address but was difficult for the audience to hear. He called for increased military build up after the recent War of 1812 as well as unity between Republicans and Federalists to bring an end to factionalism.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "President James Monroe, 1817". Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies. Archived from the original on 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
  2. ^ Ammon, Harry (1971). James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. pp. 367-368.
  3. ^ Ammon, Harry (1971). James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. pp. 370-371.

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