Firangi Deval

Firangi Deval, also known as Devalvasi, is an old temple monument located in Kalsar village near Mahuva, Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India.[1]

Firangi Deval
Firangi Deval, Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India.jpg
Firangi Deval is located in Gujarat
Firangi Deval
Firangi Deval
Location in Gujarat
Firangi Deval is located in India
Firangi Deval
Firangi Deval
Firangi Deval (India)
Alternative namesDevalvasi, Maitraka Temple of Kalsar
General information
TypeTemple
LocationKalsar village near Mahuva, Bhavnagar district, Gujarat
CountryIndia
Coordinates21°04′18″N 71°32′05″E / 21.0717°N 71.5348°E / 21.0717; 71.5348Coordinates: 21°04′18″N 71°32′05″E / 21.0717°N 71.5348°E / 21.0717; 71.5348
DesignationsASI State Protected Monument (S-GJ-33)

HistoryEdit

It is constructed in 7th century during the Maitraka rule.[1][2] It is said locally that the temple was used to hoist flag to warn citizens to return to castle in case of raid. The temple is about two kilometres from sea. The claim can not be historically verified.[1]

It is state protected monument (S-GJ-33).[3] It is now poorly maintained.[4] Ravishankar Raval had first described the temple in 1947-48 as the Sun Temple.[2]

The temple has close affinity with the temples of Bileshwar, Visavada and Sutrapada.[5]

ArchitectureEdit

This east facing shrine proper is slight oblong in plan with small mandapa hall in front of it. The structure is built on plain upapitha, plinth. The walls are plain except the upper most area where there is Dantavali, a carved band of stylized rafter's end with minor kapota at the top. The superstructure above the temple is built by tritala, three courses with all three having Karnakuta carvings in order of 4, 3 and 2. The upper most crowning stone is missing which may have been Sala-shikhara. The mandapa too has superstructure vimana with one less course, which let into fronton of vimana over cella. The crowning stone has large Surpa with prominent Chandrasala in front of it. Karnakuta is used to decorate both superstructures but they are not decorated with Chaitya dormers here.[2] No mortar is used to fix the stones.[5]

The temple is not used for worship now and does not contain any idol of deity. The temple was probably used as Buddhist or Brahminical shrine identified by Chaitya dormers on the courses of vimana.[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "મહુવા નજીક કળસારમાં છે, મૈત્રક સમયનું ૭મી સદીનું ફિરંગી દેવળ". Gujarat Samachar (in Gujarati). 28 December 2016. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Nanavati, J. M.; Dhaky, M. A. (1969). "The Maitraka and the Saindhava Temples of Gujarat". Artibus Asiae. Supplementum. 26: 33–40, 53. doi:10.2307/1522666. JSTOR 1522666.
  3. ^ "Monuments of Bhavnagar district". Sports, Youth and Cultural Activities Department, Government of Gujarat State (in Gujarati). 26 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  4. ^ "બેદરકારીને લીધે પુરાતન સ્થાપત્યોનું સૌંદર્ય નષ્ટ". Divyabhaskar (in Gujarati). 21 October 2011. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  5. ^ a b Sompura, Kantilal F. (1968). The Structural Temples of Gujarat, Upto 1600 A.D. Gujarat University. p. 93.