Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C1

The Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C1s were typical of the Victorian principles of locomotive design and the British 0-6-0 of the period with inside cylinders and Stephenson link motion.[1] There is a similarity with the NER Class C1, Caledonian Railway 294 and 711 Classes, Caledonian Railway 812 and 652 Classes, LB&SCR C class, and SER O class. The wood-burning smoke stacks and wooden cab sides were installed for Finnish conditions. It should be remembered that the Grand Duchy of Finland was an autonomous part of the Russian Empire until 1917. Neilson also supplied a number of similar 5 foot gauge 0-6-0s to other railways in the Russian Empire, but few photographs and drawings remain. No 1427 at the Finnish Railway Museum is the only preserved example, and is therefore the only surviving example of the varied 0-6-0 types that were once common across the Russian Empire in the 19th Century. It therefore is one of the few clues as to the design of these Russian 0-6-0 locomotives that we now have. In fact, No.30 ended up remaining in Finland Station, St. Petersburg, Russia in 1918 during the civil wars in Finland and Russia.[2]

Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C1
Loco21.jpg
Class C1 Nº 21 in the Finnish Railway Museum
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderNeilson and Company
Serial number1427-1436
Build date1869
Total produced10
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte0-6-0
Gauge1,524 mm (5 ft)
Driver dia.1250 mm
Length12.77m
Axle load9,2 tonnes
Loco weight26,2+15,8 tonnes
Fuel capacityCoal: 5m3 / 4 tonnes; Wood: 5.7m3
Water cap5.5m3
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
1.15m2
Boiler pressure8,5 kp/cm2
Heating surface83.4m2
Performance figures
Maximum speed60 km/h (37 mph)
Tractive effort3200 kp
Career
Numbers21-30
Nicknames"Bristollari",
First run1869
Withdrawn1926-1929
DispositionOne preserved (No. 21), at the Finnish Railway Museum

No 1427 is the second oldest locomotive in Finland after the 1868 Beyer Peacocks 0-4-2T. It is builder’s numbers 1427, a Finnish class C1 and carried running number 21.[3] It was the first freight locomotive for Finnish Railways, then called SVR.[4] In particular it was the first of a batch of 10 supplied (builder’s numbers 1427-1436 and running numbers 21-30) to the Riihimaki-St Petersburg Railway in 1869.[5] They later also ran to Helsinki and Turku. The locomotive was withdrawn in 1926.[6] The last of the class was withdrawn in 1929.[7]

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GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Finnish Railway Museum - Welcome!". Rautatie.org. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
  2. ^ "Finnish Railway Museum - Welcome!". Rautatie.org. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
  3. ^ "Suomen rautatiehistoriallinen seura ry". Srhs.fi. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Finnish Railway Museum - Welcome!". Rautatie.org. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
  5. ^ "Finnish Railway Museum - Welcome!". Rautatie.org. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
  6. ^ "Suomen rautatiehistoriallinen seura ry". Srhs.fi. Retrieved 17 December 2012.
  7. ^ "Suomen rautatiehistoriallinen seura ry". Srhs.fi. Retrieved 17 December 2012.