List of Finnish locomotives

This is a list of locomotives and multiple units that have been used in Finland. VR Group (privatised in 1995, previously Valtionrautatiet, Finnish state railways) has a monopoly on passenger traffic and is currently the only freight operator on the Finnish rail network. Some trainsets are however owned by other companies such as Pääkaupunkiseudun Junakalusto Oy [fi] or Karelian Trains.

Electric locomotivesEdit

Image Class In service Numbers
  VR Class Sr1 1973–present 3001–3112
  VR Class Sr2 1995–present 3201–3246
  VR Class Sr3 2017–present 3301–3380

Diesel locomotivesEdit

Image Class In service Numbers
Lightweight (axle load 8.1–11.1 t)
  VR Class Tve1 1958–1963 406–436
  VR Class Tve5 1978–1979 601–610
Midweight (axle load 11.1–14 t)
  VR Class Tve2 (OTSO2) 1962–1964 441–448
  VR Class Tve3 1950–1960 451–487, 491–495
VR Class Sv1 1980-1984 3201
VR Class Sv11 1953–1964 1725 (later 1703)
VR Class Vv12 1953–1965 1700–1702
  VR Class Dv11[note 1] 1958–1986 1804–1819
  VR Class Dv12[note 2] 1963–present 2501–2568
2601–2664
2701–2760
  VR Class Dv15[note 3] 1958–2004 1955–2012
  VR Class Dv16[note 4] 1962–2008 2013-2040
Heavy (axle load 14 t and up)
  VR Class Tve4 1978–1983 501–540
  VR Class Hr11 1955–1972 1950–1954
  VR Class Dr12[note 5] 1959–1991 2200–2241
  VR Class Dr13[note 6] 1962–2000 2301–2354
  VR Class Dr14 1969–present 1851–1874
VR Class Dr15 1980 2439[note 7]
  VR Class Dr16 1986–present 2801–2823
  Fenniarail Class Dr18 2015–present 101–105
  1. ^ The Dv11 was known as the Vr11 until 1976.
  2. ^ The Dv12 was known as the Sv12 until 1976, except for units of the 2700 series, which were called Sr12.
  3. ^ The Dv15 was known as the Vv15 until 1976.
  4. ^ The Dv16 was known as the Vv16 until 1976.
  5. ^ The Dr12 was known as the Hr12 until 1976.
  6. ^ The Dr13 was known as the Hr13 until 1976.
  7. ^ Dr15 2439 was modified in 1980 from Dr12 2239.

Petrol-Paraffin locomotivesEdit

Image Class Number Type Manufacturer Wheel arrangement Built Notes
  VR Class Vk11 101, 102 Petrol-paraffin locomotive Ab Slipmaterial, Västervik, and Lokomo B 1930, 1936 101 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum

Petrol-Paraffin locomotive referencesEdit

Data from:

  • Finnish Railway Museum official website[1]

Steam locomotivesEdit

Image Class In Service Numbers Type Manufacturer Wheel arrangement Notes (including nickname)
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A1 1860–1911 1–6 Passenger Steam Locomotive Canada Works 4-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A2 1866– 7–8 Passenger Steam Locomotive 4-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A3 1869– 11–20, 44–47, 178–182, 222–227 Passenger Steam Locomotive Dubs & Company 4-4-0
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A4 1872–1918 63–71 Passenger Steam Locomotive Baldwin Locomotive Works 4-4-0 Website about the Hanko–Hyvinkää 4-4-0
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A5 1874– 1927 57–58 Passenger Steam Locomotive Helsingfors / VRHki Valtionrautatiet, Helsingin konepaja 4-4-0 “Lankkihattu”; No 58 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A6 1874– 59–61, 90–99 Passenger Steam Locomotive 4-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class A7 1898– 228–231 Passenger Steam Locomotive 4-4-0
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class B1 1868–1928 9–10, 53–56, 150–151 Shunter Steam Locomotive Beyer, Peacock & Company 0-4-2ST “Ram”, No 9 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum. The oldest preserved locomotive in Finland.
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class B2 1880– 100 Shunter Steam Locomotive Beyer, Peacock & Company 0-4-2ST
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C1 1869–1926 21–30 Freight Steam Locomotive Neilson & Company No 1427 0-6-0 “Bristollari”, No 21 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum. The second oldest preserved locomotive in Finland.
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C2 1869– 31–43, 48–52 Freight Steam Locomotive Avonside Engine Company, Bristol 0-6-0 “Bristollari”
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C3 1872–? 74–75 Freight Steam Locomotive 0-6-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C4 1875–? 62, 78–89 Freight Steam Locomotive 0-6-0
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C5 1881–1930 101–114 Freight Steam locomotive Hanomag, Hannover No 1477 0-6-0 “Bliksti”, No 110 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class C6 100 Freight Steam Locomotive 0-6-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class D1 72–73 2-4-0
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class E1 1875–? 76–77 0-4-0WT
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class R2 74–75 2-6-2WT
  Finnish Steam Locomotive Class F1 1885–1935 63–64, 115–116,132–133 Passenger Steam Locomotive Swiss Locomotive & Machine Works Societe Suisse No 434 0-4-4RT “Felix”, No 132 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class F2 1899–? 65 Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-4-2RT
Finnish Steam Locomotive Class M1 1913–? 66 Tampella 2-8-0T
  VR Class Hk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H1 & H2)
1898–1959 232–241,291–300,322–333 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Baldwin Locomotive Works built 232–241, Richmond Locomotive Works built 291–300, 322–333 4-6-0 “Big-Wheel Kaanari”, No 293 preserved at the Finland Station, St.Petersburg, Russia
VR Class Hk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H3)
437–446,448–451 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 4-6-0
VR Class Hk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes H3, H4 & H5)
447,452–453,471–486 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 4-6-0
  VR Class Hk5
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H6)
1909–1959 439–515 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 4-6-0 No. 497 is preserved at Haapamäki
  VR Class Hr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class P1)
1937–1974 1000–1021 Passenger Steam Locomotive Lokomo Oy and Tampella Oy 4-6-2 “Ukko-Pekka”; Not in service 1972; Returned to Service due to oil crisis
VR Class Hr2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H11)
1942–1953 1900–1906 Passenger Steam Locomotive NOHAB 4-6-0 “Hurricane”;
VR Class Hr3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H11)
1942–1953 1907–1919 Passenger Steam Locomotive NOHAB 4-6-0 “Hurricane”;
  VR Class Hv1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H8)
1915–1967 545–578,648–655 Passenger Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy ; Lokomo Oy 4-6-0 "Heikki", Hv1 555 only was nicknamed "Princess"; No 555 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Hv2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H9)
1919–1968 579–593,671–684,777–780 Passenger Steam Locomotive L. Schwartzkopff and Lokomo 4-6-0 “Heikki”, No 680 is preserved at Haapamäki
  VR Class Hv3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H9)
1921–1970 638–647,781–785,991–999 Passenger Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy; L. Schwartzkopff and Lokomo 4-6-0 “Heikki”, The following are preserved No 781 Kerava, No 995 Suolahti, No 998 Haapamäki Detailed drawings of a VR Class Hv3
VR Class Hv4
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class H7)
1912–1964 516–529,742–751,757–760 Passenger Steam Locomotive Lokomo Oy and Tampella Oy 4-6-0 “Pikku-Heikki”,Nos 742 & 751 are preserved Haapamäki
  VR Class Pr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class N1)
1924–1972 761–776 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Hanomag; Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy, Lokomo Oy 2-8-2T “Paikku”, No 776 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Pr2 1942–1960 1800–1803 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Henschel & Son 4-6-4T "Henschel" No 1800 preserved at Haapamäki
  VR Class Rro 1914–? 1–2 Tampella Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy 0-4-0T No. 2 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Sk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G1, G2 & G4)
1885– 117–131,134–149,152–172,183–190 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Swiss Locomotive & Machine Works Societe Suisse No 405 2-6-0 “Little Brown”; No 124 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Sk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G1, G6 & G9)
1896– 196–213,314–321,360–372 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Tampella 2-6-0 No 315 is preserved at Tampere, Tampella
  VR Class Sk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Classes G3, G5, G10 & G11)
1892–1960 173–177,191–195,214–221,334–359,373–406,427–436 Mixed Traffic Locomotive Tampella Tammerfors Linne-&Jern-Manufakt.A.B. No 49 2-6-0, “Grandmother”; No 400 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
VR Class Sk4
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class G7)
242–253,306–313 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 2-6-0 "Little-Wheel Kaanari"
  VR Class Sk5
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class G12)
66–67 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive 2-6-0
VR Class Sk6
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class G8)
254–270 Mixed Traffic Steam Locomotive Richmond Locomotive Works 2-6-0 “Riksmont”
VR Class Tk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K1)
271–290 2-8-0 “Amerikan Satikka”
  VR Class Tk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K2)
1903–1960 407–426, 457–470 2-8-0 “Satikka”, The following are preserved 407 Närpes, 418 Junction City, Oregon, USA, 419 Haapamäki
  VR Class Tk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K5)
1927–1975 800–899,1100–1118,1129–1170 Freight Steam Locomotive Tampella, Lokomo and Frichs 2-8-0 “The Little Jumbo”
  VR Class Tr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class R1)
1940–1975 1030–1096 Freight Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampere / Lokomo, Tampere / Arnold Jung Lokomotivfabrik GmbH, Jungenthal 2-8-2 “Risto”, 1033 and 1096 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Tr2 1946–1968 1300–1319 ALCO, Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-10-0 Nicknamed “Truman”. Similar to Russian locomotive class Ye. No 1319 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Tv1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K3)
1917–1974 594–617,685–741,900–948,1200–1211 Tampella, 2-8-0 “Jumbo”,The following are preserved no. 609 Haapamäki, no. 933 veturimuseo at Toijala, no 940 Lapinlahti, and no 943 Ylivieska
VR Class Tv2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class K4)
618–637 2-8-0 “Wilson”
  VR Class Vk1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class I1)
1900–1952 301–305 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Baldwin Locomotive Works 2-6-4T “Amerikan”, “Iita”
VR Class Vk2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class I2)
454–455 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive 2-6-4T “Iita”
  VR Class Vk3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class I3)
1906–1964 456, 487–492 Local Passenger Steam Locomotive Tampella, Tampereen Pellava- ja Rautateollisuus Oy 2-6-4T “Iita”, No 489 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Vk4 1910–1962 68 Light Replacement Steam Locomotive Borsig Lokomotiv Werke (AEG) 0-4-0T "Leena", Oldest working broad gauge locomotive in Finland. No 68 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Vk5 72–75 2-8-2T
VR Class Vk6 70–71 0-4-4RT
  VR Class Vr1
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class L1)
1913–1974 530–544,656–670,787–799 Shunter Steam Locomotive Hanomag, No 10264 0-6-0T “Hen”, No 669 preserved at the Finnish Railway Museum
  VR Class Vr2
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class D1)
1930–1975 950–965 Steam Locomotive 0-6-2T "Duck", The following are preserved in Finland No 950 Joensuu, 951 Tuuri, 953 Haapamäki, 961 Jyväskylä, 964 Veturimuseo at Toijala
  VR Class Vr3
(Finnish Steam Locomotive Class O1)
1924–1975 752–756 Steam Locomotive 0-10-0T "Rooster" / 'Cockerel", No 755 stored at the Finnish Railway Museum
VR Class Vr4 1400–1423 0-6-0T
  VR Class Vr5 1948–1971 1400–1423 Vulcan Iron Works 0-6-2T "Turkey", No 1422 is preserved at Haapamäki.

Steam locomotive referencesEdit

Data from:

  • Finnish Railway Museum official website[2]
  • Finnish website with locomotive technical data[3]

Electric multiple unitsEdit

Image Class In service Numbers
  VR Class Sm1 1969–2016 6001+6201 – 6050+6250
  VR Class Sm2 1975–present 6051+6251 – 6100+6300
  VR Class Sm3 1995–present 7x01–7x18
  VR Class Sm4 1999–present 6301+6401 – 6330+6430
  JKOY Class Sm5 2009–present 01–81
  Karelian Trains Class Sm6 2010–present 7x51–7x54

Diesel multiple unitsEdit

Image Class In service Numbers
  VR Class Ds1 1928–1955 1, 4 and 5
VR Class Dm1 & Dm2 1935–1961 13–19
  VR Class Dm3 & Dm4 1952–1971 1500–1509 (Dm3)
1600–1623 (Dm4)[note 1]
  VR Class Dm6 & Dm7 1954–1988 4000–4014 (Dm6)
4020–4216 (Dm7)
  VR Class Dm8 1964–1986 5001–5012
  VR Class Dm9 1965–1990 5101–5124
  VR Class Dm10 1994–1997 4301
VR Class Dm11 1997 4401–4406[note 2]
  VR Class Dm12 2005–present 4401–4416
  1. ^ The nine Dm3:s were upgraded to Dm4:s number 1614–1623 between 1956 and 1958.
  2. ^ The numbers of the Dm11 class were reused on Dm12 class units.

See alsoEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Eonsuu, Tapio; Honkanen, Pekka; Kilpinen, Tapani; Pölhö, Eljas (1975). Suomen veturit 1 osa. Valtionrautateiden höyryveturit. Frank Stenvalls Förlag. ISBN 91-7266-021-X.
  • Eonsuu, Tapio; Honkanen, Pekka; Pölhö, Eljas (1995). Suomen veturit osa 2. Moottorikalusto. Elokuvan Maailma. ISBN 952-5060-02-0.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2013-04-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Finnish Railway Museum - Welcome!". Rautatie.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
  3. ^ "Suomen rautatiehistoriallinen seura ry". Srhs.fi. Retrieved 2012-12-17.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 60°37′35″N 024°51′02″E / 60.62639°N 24.85056°E / 60.62639; 24.85056