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Mediaeval cooking commonly employed figs, in both sweet and savoury dishes.[1] One such dish is fygey, in the 14th century cookbook The Forme of Cury, which in Modern English is "figgy", this dish being known as figgy pudding or fig pudding:[2][1][3]

Take Almaende blanched; grynde hem and drawe hem up with watr and wyne; quartr figs hole raisons. Cast þerto powdor gingr and hony clarified; seeþ it wel and salt it, and seve forth.[4]

Take blanched almonds, grind them, remove and mix with water, wine, quartered figs, whole raisins. Add in powdered ginger, clarified honey, boil it well and salt it, and serve.[5]

The Forme of Cury recipe 118

It is referenced in the Christmas carol "We Wish You A Merry Christmas" in the line "Now bring us some figgy pudding!".[6] Despite this, figgy pudding is not plum pudding, although it can be considered a precursor to it; it is not as rich, and the recipe is simpler.[2]

The Middle English name had several spellings, including "ffygey", "fygeye", "fygee", "figge", and "figee".[7][8][9] The latter is a 15th century conflation with a different dish.[8] Figee was in fact a dish of fish and curds, which was named figé in Old French, meaning "curdled" (the past participle of the Old French "figer").[8][7][10] But it too came to mean a "figgy" dish, involving cooked figs, boiled in wine or otherwise.[8] A turn of the 15th century herbal has a recipe for figee:

Nym figes, & boille hem in wyn, & bray hem in a morter with lied bred; tempre hit vp with goud wyn / boille it / do therto good spicere, & hole resons / dresse hit / florisshe it a-boue with pomme-garnetes.[11]

Take figs and boil them in wine, and pound them in a mortar with bread. Mix it up with good wine; boil it. Add good spices and whole raisins. Dress it; decorate it with pomegranate seeds on top.[12]

—Laudian Manuscript 553, Bodleian Library

Liber Cure Cocorum has the recipe under the name "fignade" on page 42.[7][9] Richard Warner's Antiquitates Culinariae has it under the name "fyge to potage".[7][13][9]Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management contains two different recipes for fig pudding that use suet, numbers 1275 and 1276.[14]

ReferencesEdit

Cross-referenceEdit

  1. ^ a b Threlfall-Holmes 2005, p. 61–62.
  2. ^ a b Breverton 2015, p. 236.
  3. ^ Hieatt, Nutter & Holloway 2006, p. 113.
  4. ^ Pegge 2014, p. 45.
  5. ^ Albala 2006, p. 65.
  6. ^ Cassidy 2004, p. 48.
  7. ^ a b c d Austin 1888, p. 129.
  8. ^ a b c d Shipley 1955, p. 267.
  9. ^ a b c Hieatt, Nutter & Holloway 2006, p. 38.
  10. ^ Morton 2004, p. 51.
  11. ^ Austin 1888, p. 113.
  12. ^ Ayto 2012, p. 133.
  13. ^ Warner 1791, p. 67.
  14. ^ Beeton 2006, p. 618.

Reference bibliographyEdit

  • Albala, Ken (2006). "The Middle Ages 1300–1450". Cooking in Europe, 1250–1650. Daily life through history. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313330964. ISSN 1080-4749.
  • Ayto, John (2012). "figee". The Diner's Dictionary: Word Origins of Food and Drink. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199640249.
  • Austin, Thomas (1888). Two Fifteenth-Century Cookery-Books. N. Trübner & Co. (Two Fifteenth-Century Cookery-Books at the Internet Archive)
  • Beeton, Isabella (2006). Mrs Beeton's Household Management. Wordsworth Editions. ISBN 9781840222685.
  • Breverton, Terry (2015). "Sweets". The Tudor Kitchen: What the Tudors Ate & Drank. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781445648750.
  • Cassidy, Jennie (December 2004). "Now bring us some figgy pudding!". Early Music Review. King's Music. 104. ISBN 9783761815946.
  • Hieatt, Constance Bartlett; Nutter, Terry; Holloway, Johnna H. (2006). Concordance of English Recipes: Thirteenth Through Fifteenth Centuries. Medieval & Renaissance Texts Studies. 312. ACMRS. ISBN 9780866983570.
  • Morton, Mark (2004). "bouce Jane". Cupboard Love 2: A Dictionary of Culinary Curiosities. Insomniac Press. ISBN 9781897415931.
  • Pegge, Samuel, ed. (2014). The Forme of Cury, a Roll of Ancient English Cookery. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108076203.
  • Shipley, Joseph T. (1955). "figee". Dictionary of Early English. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781442233997.
  • Threlfall-Holmes, Miranda (2005). Monks and Markets: Durham Cathedral Priory 1460–1520. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199253814.
  • Warner, Richard (1791). Antiquitates Culinariae, Or Curious Tracts Relating to the Culinary Affairs Of The Old English. London: R. Blamire.