Fields, Factories and Workshops
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Fields, Factories and Workshops: or Industry Combined with Agriculture and Brain Work with Manual Work (Russian: Поля, фабрики и мастерские) is a landmark anarchist text by Peter Kropotkin, and arguably one of the most influential and positive statements of the anarchist political philosophy. It is viewed by many as the central work of his writing career. It was published in book form in 1898, by G. P. Putnam's Sons in New York and Swann Sonnenschein & Co. Ltd. in London. In this work, Kropotkin shares his vision of a more harmonious way of living based on cooperation instead of competition. To a large degree, Kropotkin's emphasis is on local organisation and local production, obviating the need for central government. Kropotkin's vision is also on agriculture and rural life, making it a contrasting perspective to the largely industrial thinking of communists and socialists.
Kropotkin's focus on local production leads to his view that communities should strive for self-sufficiency, the production of a community's own goods and food, thus making import and export unnecessary. To these ends, Kropotkin advocates irrigation and growth under glass and in fields to boost local food production.
The book presents arguments to its ends, and is generally persuasive in tone rather than dogmatic. The work is structured as a series of essays, together with a large number of appendices of supporting evidence.
- Boos, Florence. ""News From Nowhere and 'Garden Cities.'"". Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies. Retrieved 21 June 2017.