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Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry

Coordinates: 43°29′03.6″N 11°08′06.0″E / 43.484333°N 11.135000°E / 43.484333; 11.135000

The Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry (Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli also known as FAFM) is one of the last remaining Florentine foundries, producing works in bronze utilizing the Renaissance technique of lost-wax. A large number of bronze sculptures produced in Florence over the last century come from this artistic foundry.[1] One of the most famous and popular works in Florence, the 'La Fontana del Porcellino', was cast by the Marinelli Foundry in 1988 and replaced the antique in 1998.

Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli
FAFM (Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry)
FoundedFlorence, Tuscany, Italy, 1905
Key people
Ferdinando Marinelli, founder; Ferdinando Marinelli Jr., owner
ProductsStatues and Monuments in Bronze

As early as 1929, Marinelli Foundry was present internationally. It produced the monumental sculpture ‘La Carretta dei Pioneri’ (‘The Pioneer’s Cart’) carved by the Uruguayan artist José Belloni. It may still be seen today in Montevideo. In 1932, the panels of the immense staircase at the entrance of the Vatican Museums by Antonio Maraini were cast. A more recent achievement is the ‘Warrior on horseback’ in Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, inaugurated in 2011 and the work of the sculptor Valentina Stevanovska.



The monument to the ‘Warrior on Horseback’, Skopje

The history of the Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli begins in 1905 with the opening of a small shop on Florence’s Via de’ Giudei (today’s Via Ramaglianti) by Ferdinando Marinelli. Born in Piegaro, in the Province of Perugia in 1887, he arrived as a teenager in Florence where he was apprenticed first to Cusmano Vignali’s foundry and subsequently to Gabellini’s, learning the techniques of both stirrup manufacturing as well as lost-wax casting. In 1915, he was employed by the Fonderia of Alessandro Biagiotti[2] (Biagiotti’s nickname was ‘Brucino’). After World War I, Ferdinando took over the Gabellini foundry on Via del Romito (today’s Via Filippo Corridoni). During this period, the Marinelli Foundry produced several monuments which commemorate the fallen of World War I; those on Piazza Dalmatia in Florence and Poggio a Caiano, (both by Mario Moschi) as well as those at Barberino Val d’Elsa and Cerbaia, (works by Odo Franceschi). In 1925, the Foundry executed the monument to the painter Giovanni Fattori donated to the city of Livorno by Valmore Gemignani. Two years later, the Chamber of Commerce, Florence surveyed the artisan workshops in the Province and reported that: «The reputation of the Marinelli Foundry […] rests on the perfection of its casting, employing an acid based varnish permitting the metal to be displayed without losing any of its glare, maintaining warm tonalities, those of natural bronze thereby creating works of art».[3]

In 1927, Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli cast a sculptural group measuring in total 22 meters made by the Uruguayan José Belloni for Montevideo, ‘La Carretta dei Pionieri’ (‘The Pioneer’s Cart’) commissioned by the Consul Gilberto Fraschetti. Marinelli Foundry received important commissions thanks to the esteem with which Ferdinando was held by the sculptor Antonio Maraini. Maraini choose him as his caster when he received the commission from Pope Pius XI to execute the panels that decorate the newly built large staircase at the entrance to the Vatican Museums.

The Foundry’s expansion continued and shortly prior to the outbreak of World War II, industrial castings and metal refining were added to its traditional artistic activities and indeed remained an important part of its output until the end of the conflict. In 1945, Ferdinando Marinelli leaves the Foundry to his sons Aldo and Marino who carry on the artistic traditions. Upon Marino’s death, the company passes on to his son Ferdinando Jr. who maintains the ancient tradition of lost-wax casting. Marinelli Foundry remains to this day one of the last artistic workshops practicing this technique and a benchmark for Italian artisan excellence.

In addition to important commissions received from foreign governments and private collectors, the Foundry produced on behalf of the City of Florence, a bronze replica of the ‘Porcellino’ by Pietro Tacca in the Loggia del Mercato Nuovo. The antique work was moved to the Museo Bardini in 2004. In addition, again for Florence, it executed replicas of Giambologna's 'Bacchus' in Borgo San Jacopo (antique is, from 2006, in the Bargello Museum), and the ‘St. Matthew’ by Lorenzo Ghiberti for an external niche of the Church of Orsanmichele (antique in museum nearby).


The former headquarters of the Foundry in Florence, Via del Romito (today’s Via Corridoni), area of Rifredi in the early years of the 20th century

The Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry remained in its historical headquarters in Via Corridoni until 2001 when new environmental regulations prohibiting the casting of bronze within Florence forced the company to build new headquarters in the town of Barberino Val d’Elsa. The new workshops were equipped with up to date furnaces and kilns however leaving all of the traditional production phases unaltered.

The collaboration with the Vatican CityEdit

The staircase at the entrance to the Vatican Museums by Antonio Maraini, 1932
Plaque at the base of the staircase of the Vatican Museums

As already mentioned, the esteem of Antonio Maraini permitted the Marinelli Foundry to establish a working relationship with the Vatican State. After casting the friezes of the monumental staircase entrance to the Vatican Museums, the Foundry produced the tomb and the death mask (the latter in silver) of Pope Pius XI commissioned to the artist Antonio Berti, and the ‘Porta Santa’ (Holy Door) of St. Peter’s Basilica carved by Maestro Vico Consorti. Such collaborations subsequently permitted Marinelli to receive additional commissions from churches in Rome. These include the central doors of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, after the drawings of Ludovico Pogliaghi, and in 1951, the doors of Sant’Eugenio designed by the engineer Enrico Galeazzi. The collaboration has continued recently; it has produced the bronze handrail of the new large flight of stairs at the Vatican Museums inaugurated in 2000 by Pope John Paul II.

The Diploma of Honor ('Diploma d'Onore') and the horse SacrificeEdit

Diploma awarded to Marinelli Fonderia for the casting of the horse, Sacrifice

The ‘Diploma d’Onore’ was awarded to the Marinelli Foundry by the Italian Ministry of Trade and Industry in recognition for the casting of Sacrifice one of the four allegorical horses that decorate the Arlington Memorial Bridge of Washington, D.C. The monument is the work of the American sculptor, Leo Friedlander. This project, conceived in the late twenties and delayed due to the Great Depression, was resumed in 1938 and only completed at the end of World War II. The monument was a gift of Ambassador Alberto Tarchiani on behalf of Italy. Its inauguration took place on December 26, 1951.

The most important castingsEdit

A selection of the most important works and monuments executed by the Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry

Year Artist Title Location Country Photo
1925 Valmore Gemignani Giovanni Fattori Livorno   Italy  
1927 Mario Moschi Monument to the Fallen
Monumento ai caduti
Piazza Dalmazia, Florence   Italy  
1929 José Belloni The Pioneer’s Cart
La Carretta dei Pionieri
Parque Batlle, Montevideo   Uruguay  
1930 Guglielmo Colasanti Madonna degli Angeli Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Assisi   Italy  
1930 José Belloni William Tell
Gugliemo Tell
Parque Rodó, Montevideo   Uruguay  
1932 Antonio Maraini Staircase, Vatican Museums Vatican City    Vatican City  
1939 Tomb of Pope Pius XI Vatican City    Vatican City  
1944 Vico Consorti Door of Thanksgiving
Porta della Riconoscenza
Siena Cathedral   Italy  
1949 Leo Friedlander Sacrifice Arlington Memorial Bridge, Washington, DC   United States  
1950 VIco Consorti Porta Santa
Holy Door
St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City    Vatican City  
1953 Giovanni Cappelletti Christopher Columbus Newport, Rhode Island   United States  
1960 Valteroni Door, Cathedral of Oropa
Porta della Cattedrale di Oropa
Sanctuary of Oropa   Italy  
1969 Mario Moschi Sacred Heart Door
Porta del Sacro Cuore
Basilica del Sacro Cuore, Sassari   Italy
1972 Bruno Burracchini Catherine of Siena Fortezza Medicea, Siena   Italy  
1984 Sergio Benvenuti Fountain of the Two Oceans
Fontana dei due oceani
San Diego, California   United States  
1989 Robert Dean Monument to Dwight Eisenhower
Monumento a Eisenhower
Grosvenor Square, London   United Kingdom
1998 Replica of Pietro Tacca Porcellino
Fontana del Porcellino
Loggia del Mercato Nuovo, Florence   Italy  
1998 Restoration of Kremlin Halls Grand Kremlin Palace, Moscow   Russia  
1999 Handrail, Vatican Museums
Corrimano della Nuova Rampa dei Musei Vaticani
Vatican City    Vatican City  
2001 Sergio Benvenuti Broncos' Fountain Sports Authority Field at Mile High, Denver   United States  
2006 Replica of Giambologna Bacchus
Borgo San Jacopo, Florence   Italy  
2007 Replica of Ghiberti St. Matthew
San Matteo
Orsanmichele Church, Florence   Italy  
2008 Replica The Etruscan Minerva
Minerva Etrusca
National Archaeological Museum (Florence)   Italy
2008 Valentina Stevanovska Warrior on Horseback Macedonia Square, Skopje   Republic of Macedonia  
2008 Replica of Donatello David (with gold plating) Bargello, Florence   Italy  
2010 Replica Chimera of Arezzo National Archaeological Museum (Florence)   Italy  
2013 Arto Tchakmaktchian Espoir Laval, Quebec, Montreal   Canada

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Maria Maugeri, La Fonderia Artistica di Ferdinando Marinelli a Rifredi, EDIFIR Firenze 2006
  2. ^ Maria Maugeri, La Fonderia Artistica di Ferdinando Marinelli a Rifredi, EDIFIR Firenze 2006, pag. 27
  3. ^ M. Salvini, Le industrie artistiche nella provincia di Firenze, Firenze, 1927, p.109


  • Maugeri, Maria (2006). La Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli a Rifredi. Firenze: EDIFIR.
  • Maugeri, Maria (2005). Pietro e Niccolò Bazzanti 'Negozianti di Belle Arti'. Firenze: EDIFIR.


  • General Information

The Marinelli Foundry of Florence by John Spike Last visit 01/07/2014 visited on 01/07/2014

  • Associations e Foundations Unione Imprese Storiche Italiane, visited on 01/07/2014 Fondazione Firenze Artigianato Artistico, visited on 01/07/2014

  • The Statue 'Warriors on Horseback' "A Skopje c'è un Alessandro Magno della Fonderia Artistica Marinelli", visited on 01/07/2014,+posata+la+statua+di+Alessandro+Magno.+Polemiche+ad+Atene Visited on 12/30/2013 Visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014

  • Restoration of the Replica of 'Porcellino',+torna+a+splendere+il+bronzo+alla+Loggi.html?cm_id_details=59283&id_padre=47009 Porcellino, torna a splendere il bronzo alla Loggia del Mercato nuovo, consulted on 01/07/2014 Consulted on 01/07/2014 Consulted on 01/07/2014

  • Replica of Michelangelo's 'Bruges Madonna' Consulted on 01/07/2014 Rivive il bronzo 'perduto' di Michelangelo, visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014 Visited on 01/07/2014,12081 Visited on 01/07/2014
Knights Columbus Museum Visited on 01/07/2014

  • Exhibitions

Bronzi di Toscana di Piero Bertelli Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi di Toscana di Piero Bertelli Visited on 01/07/2014
Bronzi di Toscana di Piero Bertelli Visited on 01/07/2014
Di Bronzo e di Fuoco Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo Visited on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo Consulted on 01/07/2014
Monumental Sculpture from Renaissance Florence: Ghiberti, Nanni di Banco and Verrocchio at Orsanmichele Consulted on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a Casa Buonarroti Visited on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a Casa Buonarroti Visited on 01/07/2014
Giuseppe negli arazzi di Pontormo e Bronzino Visited on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a Wally Findlay Galleries Visited on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a St. Patrick's Old Cathedral NYC Visited on 01/07/2014

External linksEdit