Fengbitou Archaeological Site

The Fengbitou Archaeological Site (traditional Chinese: 鳳鼻頭遺址; simplified Chinese: 凤鼻头遗址; pinyin: Fèngbítóu Yízhǐ), officially known as Fengpitou (Chungkengmen) Archaeological Site (in Taiwan's archaeological tradition, it is usually spelled n Wade–Giles system), is an archaeological site in Chungmen Village, Linyuan District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, on the plateau north to the Chungkengmen Settlement. It’s at the southern direction of Fengshan Hill, with an area of 9.7 hectares.[1] The archaeological culture can be dated back to 2,000 to 5,200 years ago, and the cultural layers includes Tapenkeng Culture, Fengpitou Type of Niuchoutzi Culture, and Fengpitou Culture,[2][3][4] demonstrating the prehistoric development of southwestern Taiwan.

Fengbitou Archaeological Site
Fengbitou Archaeological Site is located in Kaohsiung
Fengbitou Archaeological Site
Fengbitou Archaeological Site
Shown within Kaohsiung
LocationLinyuan, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Coordinates22°30′38.1″N 120°22′2.4″E / 22.510583°N 120.367333°E / 22.510583; 120.367333
Typearchaeological site
Part ofFengshan Hill
Area9.77 hectares
Site notes
Excavation dates1945, 1965



The site was discovered by Japanese scholar Sueo Kaneko around 1941.[5] In 1943, Naoichi Kokubu was also investigating the site. In 1945, Japanese archaeologist Kiyotari Tsuboi excavated the site and presented his findings at an international conference in 1953, and named it “Fengpitou”, and it was often called the site of the original name "Zhongkengmen" by this name.[3] Later on, Chang Kuang-Chih, Huang Shih-Chiang, and Liu I-Chang also conducted investigations, trail excavations, and excavations. The site currently functions as orchard, plantation, and burial ground.



The 9.77-hectare site is located at the slope of Fengshan Hill with a shape of a fan. The hill has a height of 15–20 meters and the site is located at the elevation of 28–55 meters above sea level.[6]



The unearthed artifacts include the cord-marked potteries, net sinkers, and spearheads of the Tapenkeng Culture 4,300 to 5,000 years ago (3050 to 2350 B.C.E.); red cord-marked potteries, pottery vases, pottery bowls, ceramic spindle whorl, axe-hoe tools, spear tools, stone knives, and adzes, which are mostly made of picrite basalt and thus suspected to be related to Penghu, of the Niuchoutzi Culture 3,500 to 4,300 years ago (2350 to 1550 B.C.E.); and painted potteries, black potteries, polished black pottery jars, pottery cups, pottery bowls, ceramic spindle whorl, axe-hoe tools, adzes, stone knives, spearheads, net sinkers, earrings, stone rings, and middens of the Fengpitou Culture 2,000 to 3,500 years ago (1550 to 50 B.C.E.). In addition to the prehistoric cultural layer, remains of Qing Dynasty and Japanese Colonial Era can also be found.[3]

Designated as a national archaeological site


As the site contains rich cultural layers, represent the prehistoric development sequence in southwestern Taiwan, and serves as the representation of Fengpitou Culture, it is designated as national historic site on February 11, 2000, and was changed as a national archaeological site on May 1, 2006.[2]

See also



  1. ^ "大林蒲-鳳鼻頭". 2 March 2018. Archived from the original on 2 March 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2023.
  2. ^ a b "文化部文化資產局--國家文化資產網". nchdb.boch.gov.tw. Retrieved 2 October 2023.
  3. ^ a b c "鳳鼻頭簡介".[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ 鄭德慶, ed. (2000). 高雄縣豐富之旅. 串門企業. ISBN 9789579863704.
  5. ^ 何傳坤 (27 September 2020). "臺灣高雄鳳鼻頭遺址出土動物骨骼的動物考古學及埋藏學研究". 國立自然科學博物館科普學習資源. Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 2 October 2023.
  6. ^ "Fengbitou Archaeological Site". Bureau of Cultural Heritage, Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 16 January 2017.