Feneos (Greek: Φενεός, Latin: Pheneus) is a village and a former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Sikyona, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 226.201 km2. Its population was 1,342 in 2011. The seat of the municipality was in Goura. The name comes from the ancient city of Pheneus.
Feneos plain showing seasonal floods.
|• Municipal unit||226.2 km2 (87.3 sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||1,342|
|• Municipal unit density||5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)|
|• Population||87 (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
In ancient times the area was considered part of the Arcadian region. According to Herodotus the river Styx originates near Feneos. Feneos lies at the foot of Mount Cyllene, mythical birthplace of the god Hermes. It therefore served as an important cult centre for the god, notably during the annual festival of the Hermaea. Catullus (Poem 68) mentions the seasonal flooding of the plain and says it was drained by an underground channel dug by Hercules during his Twelve Labors.
During the Greek Civil War, Communist guerillas turned the nearby monastery of St. George into a concentration camp and killing ground for those they deemed "reactionaries". The concentration camp was well-organized for mass killings, with 6-7 resident killers that worked round the clock in busy times. It is believed that hundreds were killed.
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
- "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
- Herodotus, Histories 6. 74. 1, http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/PotamosStyx.html
- Pausanias (2nd century CE. Description of Greece. VIII: 14: 10.
- P. Vergilius Maro (29-19 BCE). Aeneis. VIII: 164.
- Stylianos Perrakis (2006). The Ghosts of Plaka Beach: A True Story of Murder and Retribution in Wartime Greece. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. pp. 144–. ISBN 978-0-8386-4090-6.
|This Peloponnese location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|