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The Faule Grete (German for Lazy Grete, alluding to the lack of mobility and slow rate of fire of such super-sized cannon) was a medieval large-calibre cannon of the Teutonic Order. The bronze bombard was cast in 1409 in the cannon foundry of the Marienburg by the gunfounder Heynrich Dumechen.[2] According to the account books of the order, the construction costs amounted to 278.5 Mark, a sum equivalent to ca. 1160 oxen.[3]

Faule Grete
TypeCannon
Place of originMarienburg, Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights
Service history
Used byMargrave Frederick I of Brandenburg
Production history
Produced1409
Specifications
Mass4.6 t
Length250 cm
Barrel length150 cm

Shell weight170 kg
Caliber50 cm (ball diameter)
Bronze bombard of the Knights Hospitaller cast in 1480. The Faule Grete was arguably similar in shape, although larger in size.[1]

Borrowed by Margrave Frederick I of Brandenburg in 1413, the cannon was instrumental in breaking the opposition of the domestic knighthood within three weeks, allowing Fredrick to lay the foundation for the rise of his Hohenzollern dynasty which later came to rule Prussia and the Deutsches Reich.[4]

Besides the Faule Grete, a number of 15th-century European large-calibre weapons are known to have been employed primarily in siege warfare, including the wrought-iron Pumhart von Steyr, Dulle Griet and Mons Meg as well as the cast-bronze Grose Bochse (also made by the Teutonic Knights) and Faule Mette.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Schmidtchen 1977, p. 220
  2. ^ Schmidtchen 1977, p. 218
  3. ^ Schmidtchen 1977, p. 219
  4. ^ Schmidtchen 1977, pp. 220f.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Schmidtchen, Volker (1977), "Riesengeschütze des 15. Jahrhunderts. Technische Höchstleistungen ihrer Zeit", Technikgeschichte, 44 (3): 213–237 (217–221)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Faule Grete at Wikimedia Commons