Farooqi (Arabic: فاروقي‎); also transliterated as Farooqui, Faruki or Al Farooqi), is a distinct name or surname or last name of Arabic origin.

OriginEdit

The name purportedly signifies ancestry from Umar ibn al-Khattāb, commonly known as Umar (Arabic: عمر ابن الخطاب‎), the second Caliph of Islam. Umar was also titled 'al-Farooq' (the Redeemer).' Today Farooqies are a multilingual Muslim community spread across Turkey', Romania, Middle East' and parts of Europe.

Spread to Levant and TurkeyEdit

Farooq (also transliterated as Farouk, Farook, Faruk, Faroeq, Faruq, Farouq, Farooqui or Farooqi; Arabic: فاروق, Fārūq ) is a common Arabic given and family name found in Levant and Turkey. See also Farooq.

Disambiguation of Farooq and their transliterated variants were also adopted by Sunni Islam converts from Arab-Mongol empires as a name to pay respect to Umar Bin Khattab and took up the name as an honorific title.

Spread to South AsiaEdit

Adham, the father of Ibrahim Bin Adham and the great grandson of Umar ibn al-Khattāb, was a great travel as narrated in the papers read in the conference on "Balad As-Shaam". He travelled all the way up to Balkh where he married the only daughter of the King, and his son Ibrahim became the King of Balkh. His descendants got uprooted after the attack by Mongols, and most moved to the area which is now the modern day Punjab as a part of the Moghul Empire. Significant descendants of these Farooqis can be found in Afghanitsan, Pakistan and India.[citation needed]


Decline of the Moghul EmpireEdit

In the later days of the Moghul Empire, it had crippled and a general named Asif Jah decided to move South with his friends and form his own kingdom named State of Hyderabad. Among his friends and soldiers included Farooqies and their transliterated variants who became preachers and judges. Some took their family title "Qazi" as their family name.

The name "Farooqi" or "Farooqui" reappeared from time to time as the Nizam family grew too large, as Farooqui was more or less of a title of reference (to Umar ibn al-Khattāb) rather than a Family name until the mid 19th century. They're official residence was Chowmahalla Palace. It later grew to Falaknuma Palace, Bashir Bagh Palace, etc., under the Jah title.


The Farooqi DynastyEdit

Farooqi Dynasty was formed by Abdul Malik Ahmad, the son of minister Khan-i-Jahan Farooqi of Delhi Sultanate. He became a general under Feroz Shah Tugluq and then founded Khandesh (Land of Khan) to become an independent ruler. Khandesh later became a province of Moghul Empire under Akbar.

Spread to DeccanEdit

After the establishment of State of Hyderabad, many Farooquis took up the job of judges, ombudsmen, and other law professions. As per the caste systems which recognized families by profession instead of ancestry, their family name became Qazi, along with Sayyids and Siddiquis etc. However these families continued to identify themselves are Farooqis.


Converts from Hinduism and their variants in Indian SubcontinentEdit

Farooq is used in South East Asia as an honorific title to in Sunni Islam religious converts from Hinduism and other religions in regions of the Indian Subcontinent and are not related to the ancestry of Umar Bin Khattab.

Due to the 1000 years of Islamic empires such as the Moghul empire rule and other Islamic empires over Indian subcontinent, a large population of Hindus converted and adopted the title of Farooqis and their variants in South East Asia notably India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

They are also honorific titles and also known as 'Shaikhs of South Asia' that are converts from Hinduism and are not related to the ancestry of the Quraysh tribe.

Farooqis of other affiliated variants in the Indian SubcontinentEdit

These are Farooqis and their variants that are not part of Sunni Islam.

Farooqis in Parsee communityEdit

Zoroastrians of Iranian origin found in Indian regions of Maharashtra,Gujarat and Pune. A significant amount of Farooqis also exist in the state of Maharashtra,Gujarat,Pune which are part of the Parsee community, and are Zorastrians that fled from the Shah rule to avoid persecution from Muslim rule. These are Indo-Persians and are a tiny and significant but well respected minority in India. See also Parsi.

Farooqis in Bohra communityEdit

Shia Muslims found in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Pakistan, and Indian regions. Quite a few Bohras live in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Pakistan and Indian regions of Maharashtra,Gujarat and Pune that identify with Farooqis as respect to Umar Bin Khattab and his name Farooq. They are also part of the Ismaili community. See also Suleimani Bohra.


Notable FarooqisEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit