Farabundo Martí

Agustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez (Spanish pronunciation: [faɾaˈβundo maɾˈti]; 5 May 1893 – 1 February 1932), popularly known as Farabundo Martí, was a Marxist-Leninist activist and a revolutionary leader in El Salvador during the La Matanza.

Farabundo Martí
Farabundomarti.jpg
Martí in 1929.
Born
Agustín Farabundo Martí Rodríguez

5 May 1893
Died1 February 1932(1932-02-01) (aged 38)
Cause of deathExecution by firing squad
NationalitySalvadoran
OccupationRevolutionary leader, activist
Political partyCommunist Party of El Salvador

Early lifeEdit

 
House where Agustín Farabundo Martí, was born in Teotepeque, El Salvador

Martí was born in Teotepeque, a farming community located in Departamento de La Libertad, El Salvador. After graduating from Saint Cecilia's Salesian Secondary School Santa Tecla, he entered the University of El Salvador (San Salvador). Early on, Martí believed the exploitation of the country's poor was for the profit of the rich. He became known as a Salvadoran revolutionary and, for many, a martyr for the Salvadoran people.

Revolutionary activityEdit

Categorized by Miguel Mármol, in his testimonio, an intellectual but a proletarian-like young man,[1] Martí decided to drop out of his Political Science and Jurisprudence program at the University of El Salvador to fight for his community and nation. In 1920, he was arrested for taking part along with other students in a protest against the Meléndez-Quiñónez dynasty, which was ruling the country. His arrest subsequently led to his exile from the country, and he took up residence in Guatemala and Mexico until his return to El Salvador in 1925.

Returning from exile, Martí was appointed as a representative to go to the conference of the Anti-Imperialist League of the Americas in New York City. Upon arriving in New York, he was once again arrested and then released. In the meantime, he worked with Nicaraguan revolutionary leader Augusto César Sandino.[2]

 
Martí_and Sandino in Mexico. Martí serve as personal secretary to Augusto César Sandino. Martí failed to convert Sandino to Marxism-Leninism and returned to El Salvador in 1929, but Martí retained the highest personal regard for Sandino. Shortly before his execution in 1932, Martí declared that there was no greater patriot in all of Central America

Martí became involved in the founding of the Communist Party of Central America, and he led a communist alternative to the Red Cross, called International Red Aid, serving as one of its representatives. Its goal was to help poor and underprivileged Salvadorans by the use of the Marxist-Leninist ideology. In December 1930, at the height of the country's economic and social depression, Martí was once again exiled because of his popularity among the nation's poor and rumors of his upcoming nomination for President the next year.[citation needed]

Uprising and deathEdit

Once the new president was elected in 1931, Martí returned to El Salvador and, along with Alfonso Luna and Mario Zapata, began the movement that was later truncated by the military.[3] They helped start a guerrilla revolt of indigenous farmers. During that time he was acting as the Interim General Secretary of the Party.[4]

The Communist-led peasant uprising against dictator Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, fomented by collapsing coffee prices, enjoyed some initial success, but was soon drowned in a bloodbath, being crushed by the Salvadoran military ten days after it had begun. Over 30,000 indigenous people were killed at what was to be a "peaceful meeting" in 1932; this became known as "La Matanza" ("The Slaughter").

President Hernández Martínez, who had himself toppled an elected government only weeks earlier, had the defeated Martí shot after a perfunctory hearing.

 
Farabundo Mari shortly before being shot. When the insurrection broke out, those who took up arms did not know what had happened. There was no longer leadership. and soon it became a massacre without precedents In El Salvador, what started as a revolution and soon became a massacre of coffee workers is referred to as la matanza or the massacre by Salvadorans. according to the leftist leader Schafik Handal.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roque Dalton, Miguel Marmol (Bogotá: Ocean Sur 2007), p. 186.
  2. ^ Roque Dalton, Miguel Marmol (Bogotá: Ocean Sur 2007), p. 160.
  3. ^ Página Oficial de la Juventud Farabundo Martí Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine at jfarabundomarti.org
  4. ^ Roque Dalton, Miguel Mármol (Bogotá: Ocean Sur, 2007), p. 186.

External linksEdit