Fang Quan (Chinese: 方荃; pinyin: Fāng Quán) (b. ? – d. 1897), courtesy name Peiqing (培卿), was a late Qing Empire Mandarin, scholar, author and educator.

Biography edit

Fang Quan was born in Tongcheng County, Anhui during the late-Qing Empire. He was a descendant of Fang Bao, the founder of the Tongcheng School of literary prose of which Fang Quan was also an adherent. He was the uncle of Fang Chih, a Kuomintang official and diplomat.[1]

Fang served the Qing Empire rising to the rank of Prefect in the Mandarin system. He was granted the post of Prefect over Xingyi in Zhenyuan County, Guizhou which had a high population of Miao people. The region was prominent in contemporary Qing affairs due to the Panthay Rebellion which was successfully suppressed by Qing generals Ma Rulong and Cen Yuying with aid from the British and French Empires.

In the late 1800s, Fang returned to Tongcheng to oversee the establishment of the Huabiao Primary School (zh: 华表小学), serving for a time as its principal.[2]

He died in Tongcheng County in 1897.

References edit

  1. ^ "桐城会宫方氏". fangshiwang.com. Fangshi Wang. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 方荃,字培卿。清末举人,贵州铜仁镇远兴义知府。方治(1893——1989),字希孔,荃从子。方治2岁丧父,随母张氏就养于外婆家。从小读蒙学,奋发向上。后入安徽省立第一中学,毕业后负笈东渡日本,考入东京高等师范。毕业后,该校升格为文理科大学,他又留校研读2年。民国16年(1927年),学成回国,从事国民党军内政治、党务和教育工作。北伐期间,他奔走于鄂、赣、湘、闽之间。蒋介石赏识他的才能,特召见奖拔,先后任国民党独立第四师政治部主任,福建、安徽、青岛、南京等省、市党部委员,国民党中央执行委员、宣传部副部长、代理部长等职。抗日战争期间,国民党政府逃往重庆,方治受命任安徽省政府委员兼教育厅长。嗣后由皖进渝,任教育部训导委员会主任委员、重庆市国民党党部主任委员。抗日战争胜利后,民国35年任国民党上海市党部主任委员,同年任国民党代表大会代表。民国38年解放军渡江,进军上海,他和汤恩伯登舰去台湾。方治去台后,历任国民党国策顾问,"中国大陆灾胞救济总会"总干事长、秘书长、副理事长等职。在台期间,常以"救济会"的名义游说于香港、越南、东南亚各地及泰国和中国接壤的边陲地区,进行反共宣传,策划反共活动。1953年抗美援朝战争中,方治又亲往南朝鲜,威逼、引诱、强迫中国人民志愿军一部分被俘人员去台湾。1989年,方治卒于台湾,其骨灰葬在日本的琉球岛上。
  2. ^ "古老而又年轻的会宫乡欢迎您". sina.com. Sina Weibo. 1 May 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2015. 会宫人历来重文尚读。清末,会宫老桥人曾任京师大学堂总教习,桐城文派晚期文学大师吴汝纶,专程回家乡在县城筹建桐城中学。清末民初,会宫城山人曾任云南兴义府知府的方荃,亦回家乡在会宫城山筹建"华表小学",并亲自任校长,民国28年,方荃胞侄方治任安徽省教育厅厅长,重修华小,改华表小学为"安徽省省立第四临时小学会宫分校"。