Falam, Myanmar

Falam (Burmese: ဖလမ်းမြို့; MLCTS: pha. lam: mrui., pronounced [pʰəláɰ̃ mjo̰]) is a town in north-western Burma (Myanmar) near Burma's western border with the Indian state of Mizoram. The town was founded by Taisun tribe. The British arrived to Falam in 1892, and became an important base for British rule of the Chin Hills. After the formation of Chin State, it was the capital city until the administrative offices were moved to Hakha in 1974. It is still the regional governor of Falam District and of Falam Township. Falam is the headquarters of several important organizations, such as the Chin Baptist Convention (CBC). The population, as of 2014, is 9,092 (male:4266; female: 4826).[3]

Falam
ဖလမ်းမြို့
Palan[1]
Town
Quasquicentennial (125th anniversary) celebration of the founding of Falam, Feb 22, 2017
Quasquicentennial (125th anniversary) celebration of the founding of Falam, Feb 22, 2017
Falam is located in Myanmar
Falam
Falam
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 22°54′49″N 93°40′40″E / 22.91361°N 93.67778°E / 22.91361; 93.67778
CountryMyanmar
DivisionChin State
DistrictFalam District
TownshipFalam Township
Elevation
5,500 ft (1,700 m)
Population
 (2010)[2]
9,529
 • Religions
Christian (97%)

Buddhist (2%)

Others (1%)
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)
ClimateCwb

The first school established in Chin State is the No.1 Basic Education High School in Falam. Many of the buildings in Falam reflect the British occupation and its former status as the state capital. The main road (Malay-Falam-Hakka) in the Chin mountains travel through Falam.

Historical perspectiveEdit

The name Falam originated from Fa-hlam, from Taisun language of one of the tribes in Chin. Falam was a village created and founded by the Taisun tribe. Taisun was one of the strongest tribes in northern Chin hills and was the leading tribe collaborated with other tribes against the British rule in Chin history.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Falam, Myanmar (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
32.6
(90.7)
32.6
(90.7)
32.2
(90.0)
29.0
(84.2)
29.0
(84.2)
29.5
(85.1)
30.8
(87.4)
29.5
(85.1)
27.0
(80.6)
32.6
(90.7)
Average high °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
21.9
(71.4)
24.7
(76.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75.0)
21.8
(71.2)
20.3
(68.5)
23.3
(73.9)
Average low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
9.9
(49.8)
13.0
(55.4)
15.4
(59.7)
16.5
(61.7)
17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
17.0
(62.6)
15.6
(60.1)
12.0
(53.6)
8.6
(47.5)
14.0
(57.2)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.0
(39.2)
7.0
(44.6)
9.8
(49.6)
11.5
(52.7)
12.3
(54.1)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
13.5
(56.3)
11.6
(52.9)
7.6
(45.7)
5.0
(41.0)
4.0
(39.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 8.4
(0.33)
11.5
(0.45)
33.0
(1.30)
78.9
(3.11)
161.0
(6.34)
229.7
(9.04)
255.2
(10.05)
261.8
(10.31)
224.3
(8.83)
139.1
(5.48)
53.1
(2.09)
11.2
(0.44)
1,467.2
(57.76)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[4]

Ministries and government organizationsEdit

Many federal agencies maintain offices in Falam, such as Forestry, Health, Agriculture, Customs and Education.[5]

TelevisionEdit

RadioEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Palan (Variant)" Falam, Myanmar at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ ""Myanmar: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population:calculation 2010"". Archived from the original on 2012-09-19. World Gazetteer
  3. ^ "The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census: Chin State Report" (PDF). ReliefWeb. Department of Population, Ministry of Immigration and Population. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 23–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Myanmar Government Telephone Directory & Listing: Falam" Archived 2006-11-20 at the Wayback Machine Myanmar Telephone Directory: Myanmar White Pages

External linksEdit