Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège

The Faculty Veterinary Medicine of the University of Liège (French: Faculté de médecine vétérinaire de l'Université de Liège), sometimes historically referred to as Cureghem, is a faculty of the University of Liège, established in Liège, Belgium, founded in 1832 as the Royal School of Veterinary Medicine of Cureghem in Brussels. Consistently ranked within the world's top 50 veterinary institutions, it is the oldest veterinary school in Belgium and the only French-speaking institution to provide full veterinary education.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Faculté de médecine vétérinaire
Anderlecht2019 02.jpg
Historic main building of the Veterinary School, in Brussels.
Other name
FMV
Former name
School of Veterinary Medicine and Rural Economy (1832)
École Royale de Médecine vétérinaire de Cureghem (1836)
Cureghem University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (1965)
Motto
Scientia Optimum
Motto in English
Excellence through science
FounderKing Leopold I
TypePublic university
Established1832 (189 years ago) (1832)
Parent institution
University of Liège
RectorProf. Pierre Wolper
DeanGeorges Daube
Students1,600
Location,
LanguageFrench, English
ColoursFMV rich blue & ULiège teal blue    [1]
Websitefmv.uliege.be
ULiège Médecine vétérinaire.svg

HistoryEdit

BrusselsEdit

In 1832, shortly after Belgium's independence, King Leopold I ordered the creation of a commission for the teaching and awarding of official diplomas in veterinary medicine.[2] The School of Veterinary Medicine and Rural Economics (French: École vétérinaire et d'économie rurale) was founded in the centre of the City of Brussels, where the commission was based, on the present site of the Bozar Royal Center for Fine Arts.[3] It was transferred to Cureghem, in the district of Anderlecht, Brussels, in 1836 and changed its name to the Royal Veterinary School of Cureghem (French: École Royale de Médecine vétérinaire de Cureghem).[4] It would remain the only veterinary school in the country for over a century.[5] Teaching is done in French.

 
Central building of the Cureghem School in Brussels, part of National heritage.

Because of its location close to the Senne river, the school has to cope with the many overflows.[2] In 1892, the school moved to a specially built campus, still in Anderlecht, consisting of 19 Flemish neo-renaissance buildings.[3] These new buildings are connected to each other by cellars equipped with decompression chimneys, preventing the premises from flooding.[2] The buildings are also largely covered with lightning rods, because the modern version of these had been invented by Louis Melsens, professor at the Royal School of Cureghem.

Since 1965 (Law of 9 April), the Veterinary School of Cureghem as well as its more recently established Dutch-speaking counterpart in Ghent were considered as autonomous university faculties. Cureghem was then renamed the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (French: Faculté de médecine vétérinaire).[6] In 1968, government decided to integrate the two existing veterinary schools into universities. Only two state universities existed at that time, the State Universities of Ghent and Liège. The school administratively joined the University of Liège in 1969, the only French-speaking public university.[7] All the universities in Brussels (notably the Free University of Brussels, Saint-Louis University and the University of Louvain) are free subsidized (private) institutions.

The faculty celebrated its 150th anniversary in 1986.[8]

LiègeEdit

As soon as the Cureghem school was integrated into the University of Liège in 1969, plans were made to transfer the entity to the city of Liège. The design of the new veterinary campus began in 1973, and its construction started on 23 September 1980.[8]

 
The faculty of veterinary medicine on the Sart Tilman campus, in Liège.

In 1991, the faculty of the University of Liège, still based in Brussels, finally moved to Liège to join six other faculties on the new Sart Tilman campus.[6] This move was completed in 1993,[9] which is also when the construction of the last building, the southern extension, was started.[8]

A new part of the Sart Tilman hill was cleared to accommodate the veterinary school. It was called the Cureghem district, south of the Sart Tilman hill, near the University Hospital and Liège Sports Centre. The project was led by the Centre de recherches en architecture et urbanisme (CRAU), a group of architects and engineers of the University of Liège. The site of the new Faculty of Veterinary Medicine is 35,000 m2 large.

In 2019, a new 5,600 m2 house pet hospital is inaugurated by Minister of Higher Education Jean-Claude Marcourt.[10]

DescriptionEdit

The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Liège is one of only two veterinary schools in Belgium (together with the University of Ghent, historically the two state universities) authorised to offer a complete veterinary science curriculum including masters, advanced masters, doctorates and research.[11] The other accredited universities are only limited to the issuing of bachelor's degrees. It is also the only public veterinary faculty in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation.

The faculty has 1,600 students and offers 14 bachelors, masters, advanced masters, university certificates and teaching certificates, as well as doctoral programmes, in French and English. It also organises summer schools in veterinary sciences. It is a member of the European Association of Veterinary Education Establishments (EAEVE), the European Commission's body accrediting veterinary schools within the European Union.[11] Furthermore, it is composed of 7 research departments, the FARAH (Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health) faculty research unit and 3 interfaculty units in science and medical sciences.

In addition, the University Veterinary Clinic of the University of Liège, the only one in French-speaking Belgium,[12] is composed of three separate clinics; for equidae, ruminant-pigs and house pets. The latter, which alone takes care of 12,000 animals per year and 1,400 surgical interventions, moved to a new entirely dedicated building in 2019.[10] The University Clinic has the particularity of taking care of all types of species, large and small, local and exotic animals. It also has the only MRI suited for horses in Wallonia, as well as another one specially dedicated to small animals, and three emergency services (for equidae, house pets and ruminant-pigs) that are permanently open, every day of the week and all night long.[13]

OrganisationEdit

DepartmentsEdit

  • Clinical Department of Pets and Equidae (DCA)
  • Clinical Department of Production Animals (DCP)
  • Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases (DMI)
  • Department of Morphology and Pathology (DMP)
  • Department of Veterinary Animal Resources Management (DRA)
  • Department of Food Science (DDA)
  • Department of Functional Sciences (FSD)
  • Tropical Veterinary Institute (TVI)

Research unitsEdit

  • Fundamental and Applied Research for Animals & Health (FARAH)
    • Sector of Veterinary Public Health Sector
    • Sector of Sustainable Animal Production
    • Sector of Comparative Veterinary Medicine
  • Institute for Interdisciplinary Research in Biomedical Sciences (GIGA)
  • Teaching and Research Centre (TERRA)
  • Motion Analysis Research Unit (MARU)

University Veterinary ClinicEdit

  • Animal Pet Clinic
  • Equine Clinic
  • Ruminant-Pig Clinic

StudiesEdit

The faculty offers general training in veterinary medicine, health risk management, medicine and health risks in southern countries, equine dentistry, food chain control, food safety, equine orthopaedics, equine revalidation and beekeeping. It also organises the necessary training to award the legal titles of Master of Experiment, laboratory animal caretakers and technicians, accredited by Felasa (the Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations), which are compulsory for experimentation using laboratory animals.

Student enrollmentEdit

In order to limit the influx of foreign students, the number of non-Belgian resident students is capped each year at 20% according to the amount of Belgian resident students enrolled the previous year.

Certifications and rankingsEdit

The quality of the teaching of the faculty has been assessed by the European Association of Veterinary Education Establishments (AEEEV), which has given it the status of "approved".[14]

International academic rankingsEdit

Veterinary medicine is the field in which the University of Liège is best rated in international academic rankings.

In 2017, the faculty was ranked as the world's 21st best veterinary school in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), based on research and publications in certain specialized scientific journals,[15] and 38th in 2018.[16]

It is ranked 45th in the world by the QS World University Rankings in 2017 and 2018.[17][18]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Visual Identity Guidelines" (PDF). University of Liège (Charter) (in French). Liège. March 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Ecole vétérinaire" (PDF). Municipality of Anderlecht (in French). Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b "History". University of Liège. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  4. ^ Henne, Alexandre; Wauters, Alphonse (1845). Histoire de la ville de Bruxelles (in French). 1. Brussels: Périchon.
  5. ^ "Nationaal Instituut voor Diergeneeskundig Onderzoek". Belgian Science and Technology Online Resources (in Dutch). Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b "L'incroyable déménagement de l'école vétérinaire de Cureghem à Liège - Comment effacer 150 ans d'histoire..." [The incredible move of the veterinary school from Cureghem to Liège - How to erase 150 years of history?]. Le Soir (in French). 23 September 1993. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Ecole vétérinaire de Cureghem". Inventory of Natural Heritage: Trees. Brussels Capital Region. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Centre de recherches en architecture et en urbanisme (CRAU). University of Liège (ed.). Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire (PDF). Liège. p. 4.
  9. ^ "Un concours sera organisé pour les étudiants en médecine vétérinaire de l'ULiège". RTBF (in French). 12 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  10. ^ a b Boutsen, Bruno (30 April 2019). "Une clinique pour animaux unique en son genre à Liège". La Libre. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  11. ^ a b "The 175th anniversary of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine". University of Liège. 7 October 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Inauguration de la nouvelle Clinique Vétérinaire de l'ULiège". RTC.be. 30 April 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  13. ^ "University Veterinary Clinic". cvu.uliege.be. Université de Liège.
  14. ^ "EAEVE Establishments' Status" (PDF). EAEVE. 29 May 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2019.
  15. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2017 - Veterinary Sciences". ARWU. 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  16. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2017 - Veterinary Sciences". ARWU. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Veterinary Science". QS World University Rankings. 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  18. ^ Goffinet, Pierre (8 March 2017). "La faculté vétérinaire de l'ULiège dans le Top 50 mondial" [ULiège's veterinary faculty among the world's Top 50]. lameuse.be (in French). Sudpresse. Retrieved 15 May 2019.