FC Kolkheti-1913 Poti

FC Kolkheti-1913 is a Georgian football club based in Poti, which currently takes part in Liga 3, the third division of Erovnuli Liga.

FC Kolkheti-1913 Poti
FC Kolkheti Poti Logo.png
Founded1913; 109 years ago (1913)
GroundFazisi Stadium
Poti, Georgia
Capacity6,000
ChairmanZaza Inashvili
ManagerDavit Kvirkvelia
LeagueErovnuli Liga 3
20212nd of 14
WebsiteClub website

Being registered in 1913, Kolkheti is considered one of the oldest clubs in the South Caucasus.[1] They were a long-time participant of the first tier of Georgian national league.

HistoryEdit

Domestic leaguesEdit

The Soviet periodEdit

The football club from Poti under the name Kolkhida for many years was a member of the Georgian Soviet championship until early 1960s. From 1962 to 1990, they spent 24 seasons in fourth and third divisions of the Soviet football system, including last consecutive 11 years in zone 9 of the Second league, with the 2nd place in 1989 being the best result.[2]

Earning league trophiesEdit

When GFF formed the national league in early 1990, Kolkheti-1913 took part in an opening game against Iberia Tbilisi. The historic match held at Boris Paichadze stadium ended 1–0 in favour of the guest team.[3] Therefore, Kolkheti became the first club to win a game in the history of Georgian national leagues.

Throughout the first decade, the Kolkhs were considered one of the strongest rivals. Apart from 1992/93, when they finished in 9th place, the club completed each season among top five teams with twice, in 1993-94 and 1996–97, coming second.[4] In this period the team also earned the bronze medals three times.

This success of the club was largely contributed to their sponsors from mid-1990s, the naval port of Poti.

Crisis beginsEdit

In 2006, after a foreign business company took over the port administration, the football club abruptly lost a significant income.[5] Despite being 10th among 16 clubs in 2005/06, due to the severe financial crisis Kolkheti had to quit the league.[6]

The club climbed back to Umaglesi Liga following the 2009/10 season, but returned to the second league three years later.[7] In 2011, a sponsorship deal with the naval port resumed to a less extent, which lasted for four years.[8]

Battle for survivalEdit

Kolkheti were back in the top division in 2014-15, although further financial difficulties hit the club in 2018, which pushed them to the verge of bankruptcy. As Kolkheti amassed a large amount of debts, they were deducted six points. Eventually, the team was relegated.[9]

While in Liga 2, Kolkheti still could not afford to pay off debts. In an emergency statement, the club appealed for urgent help.[10] Meanwhile, they were slapped with another 6 points deduction.[11] The overall situation badly affected the team. Three managers were sacked for unsatisfactory results within initial five months of the season.[12] The tide remained unchanged, though. Only in the last matchday did Kolkheti manage to avoid automatic relegation, but after being thrashed by Samgurali Tskaltubo in play-offs they slumped to the third division.[13]

In tier 3Edit

In the initial two seasons Kolkheti were among primary promotion-chasers, although in both cases they suffered a setback in pursuit for an automatic promotion slot. The play-off results proved also unsuccessful despite the team's unbeaten aggregate score in the regular time. First they failed to beat WIT Georgia on penalties,[14] and a year later lost in extra time to Rustavi on away goals.[15]

European competitionsEdit

Based on successful performance in Umaglesi Liga, Kolkheti-1913 represented Georgia on UEFA Cup for four consecutive seasons from 1996 until 2000.

The only victory achieved in this competition against Dinamo Minsk was insufficient for qualifying for the next round. Having lost the first leg 0-1, Kolkheti conceded an early goal at home and scored twice afterwards, but the away goals rule gave a final advantage to their opponents.[16]

Season Competition Round Club Home Away Aggregate
1996 UEFA Intertoto Cup GS   Zemun 2–3 - 5th
  FF Jaro - 0–2
  Guingamp 1–3 -
  Dinamo București - 0–2
1997–98 UEFA Cup 1Q   Dinamo Minsk 2–1 0–1 2–2
1998–99 UEFA Cup 1Q   Red Star Belgrade 0–4 0–7 0–11
1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1R   Cementarnica 55 0–4 2–4 2–8

SeasonsEdit

Year Div. Pos P W D L GF–GA Pts Cup
1990 1st 5/18 34 19 5 10 53-31 62 Quarterfinals
1991 1st 4/20 19 10 3 6 30-19 33
1991/92 1st 5/20 38 15 11 12 49-45 56 Round of 32
1992/93 1st 9/17 32 12 6 14 47-45 42 Round of 16
1993/1994 1st, Group West 1/8 14 9 2 3 36-21 29 Semifinals
1-10 Places 2/10 18 14 2 2 51-20 44
1994/95 1st 3/16 30 20 3 7 72-28 63 Round of 32
1995/96 1st 3/16 30 22 2 6 69-38 68 Quarterfinals
1996/97 1st 2/16 30 20 4 6 75-28 64 Quarterfinals
1997-98 1st 3/16 30 17 6 7 56-27 57 Quarterfinals
1998/99 1st 4/16 30 15 7 8 57-36 52 Round of 16
1999/2000 1st, Group B 2/8 14 8 1 5 19-15 25 Quarterfinals
1-8 Places 5/8 14 7 3 4 18-10 37
2000/01 1st 6/12 22 8 7 7 22-18 31 Quarterfinals
1-6 Places 5/6 10 2 2 6 10-19 24
2001/02 1st 5/12 22 10 5 7 32-29 35 Round of 16
1-6 Places 4/6 10 2 2 6 9-16 26
2002/03 1st 6/12 22 9 3 10 28-33 30 Round of 16
1-6 Places 6/6 10 0 5 5 5-23 20
2003/04 1st 9/12 22 7 3 12 18-35 24 Round of 16
7-12 Places 8/12 10 6 3 1 14-6 33
2004/05 1st 9/10 36 9 5 22 32-63 32 Quarterfinals
2005/06 1st 10/16 [a] 30 9 5 16 26-35 32 Quarterfinals
2006/07
2007/08 2nd 5/10 27 11 7 9 36-33 40 1st Round
2008/09 2nd 5/11 30 13 6 11 45-40 45 Round of 16
2009/10 2nd, Group A 2/15  28 19 4 5 63-21 61 Quarterfinals
2010/11 1st 7/10 36 10 10 16 25-47 40 Round of 16
2011/12 1st 8/12 22 6 8 8 19-24 26 Round of 16
2012/13 1st 10/10 22 0 4 18 11-43 4 Round of 16
Relegation round 6/6  32 3 8 21 22-56 17
2013/14 2nd, Group A 2/13  24 17 4 3 51-13 55 2nd Round
2014/15 1st 10/16 30 9 10 11 31-31 37 2nd Round
2015/16 1st 12/16 30 7 6 17 21-41 27 2nd Round
2016 1st, Group Red 4/7 12 6 0 6 10-18 18 Quarterfinals
2017 1st 9/10 36 6 8 22 31-73 26 5th Round
2018 1st 10/10  36 4 8 24 26-76 14[b] 3rd Round
2019 2nd 9/10  36 10 4 22 31-80 28[c] 3rd Round
2020 3rd 2/10 18 12 2 4 47-18 38 2nd Round
2021 3rd 2/10 26 14 7 5 54-28 49 2nd Round

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Relegated due to financial problems.
  2. ^ Six points deduction.
  3. ^ Six points deduction.

OverallEdit

Seasons spent in Georgian leagues since 1990:

Umaglesi Liga / Erovnuli Liga (1st tier): 24

Pirveli Liga / Erovnuli Liga 2 (2nd tier): 5

Meore Liga / Liga 3 (3rd tier): 2

Correct up to 2021 season

Current squadEdit

As of April 2022

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   GEO Luka Nanava
2 DF   GEO Nikoloz Gabelaia
3 DF   SSD Jose Kuch Nyuar
4 DF   GEO Giorgi Napishvili
5 DF   GEO Giorgi Beraia
6 MF   GEO Guram Lezhava
7 MF   GEO Lasha Gvalia (C)
8 MF   GEO Luka Kadaria
9 MF   GEO Shakro Dvalishvili
10 FW   GEO Data Sitchinava
11 FW   GEO Tornike Mumladze
13 MF   GEO Beka Kakushadze
No. Pos. Nation Player
15 MF   GEO Beka Kharshiladze
17 DF   GEO Erekle Jijavadze
19 FW   GEO Beka Gabiskiria
22 MF   GEO Tornike Kuprava
24 FW   GEO Mate Kometiani
25 MF   GEO Dato Megrelishvili
29 MF   GEO Tamaz Shalikashvili
30 MF   GEO Giorgi Kharebava
33 GK   GEO Luka Sherozia
35 MF   GEO Giorgi Kakhelishvili
37 FW   GEO Demetre Gvasalia
39 GK   GEO Irakli Chaligava

ManagersEdit

  •   Gela Sanaia (March - August 2017)
  •   Oleksandr Shtelin (September - December 2017)
  •   Konstantin Galkin (February - March 2018)
  •   Nugzar Tvaradze (March - September 2018)
  •   Viktor Demidov (September - December 2018)
  •   Paata Metreveli (February - April 2019)
  •   Soso Pilia (April - June 2019)
  •   Giorgi Krasovski (June - August 2019)
  •   Nugzar Tvaradze (August - October 2019)
  •   Vladimer Chkonia (October - December 2019)
  •   Davit Makharadze (February - October 2020)
  •   Nugzar Tvaradze (October - December 2020)
  •   Giorgi Krasovski (February - June 2021)
  •   Gia Gigatadze (June 2021 – May 2022)
  •   Davit Kvirkvelia (since June 2022)

The current manager has started his professional career both as a player and a coach at this club. Being initially appointed as assistant head coach in February 2022,[17] he took charge of the team on 2 June.

HonoursEdit

Georgian Soviet Championship

Winners (2): 1978, 1988[18]

Umaglesi Liga

Runners-up (2): 1993-94 and 1996-97

Third place (3): 1994-95, 1995-96, 1997-98

Pirveli Liga

Runners-up (2): 2009-2010, 2013-2014 (A Group)

Soviet Second League Zone IX (Caucasus)

Runner-up (1): 1989

Third place (4): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987.

StadiumEdit

Fazisi was built in 1961. Its reconstruction got under way in 2013, but it took seven years before the works were completed. Meanwhile, Kolkheti-1913 held their home games on Rugby Arena in Poti or in some neighbouring cities. Football returned to Fazisi in October 2019.[19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Georgia - List of Foundation Dates.
  2. ^ "Kolkheti in USSR II league". wildstat.com.
  3. ^ "ასე იწყებოდა: ეროვნული ჩემპიონატის პირველი მატჩი 30 წლის წინ გაიმართა". popsport.com (in Georgian). 30 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Kolkheti - overall stats". wildstat.com.
  5. ^ "კოლხეთის განცხადება:ისტორიული კლუბი მავანთა გამო კრიზისში ყოფნას არ იმსახურებს". crystalbet.com (in Georgian). 22 October 2019.
  6. ^ "2005/06 season". soccerway.com.
  7. ^ "Umaglesi Liga 2012/13". soccerway.com.
  8. ^ "ფოთის "კოლხეთი" - მილიონერთა ქალაქის გაჭირვებული გუნდი". sportall.ge (in Georgian), 29 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Final table in 2018". eliga.ge.
  10. ^ "შესაძლებელია ქართული საფეხბურთო რუკიდან გავქრეთ". popsport.com (in Georgian). 29 June 2019.
  11. ^ "ფოთის კოლხეთმა ფეხბურთელებთან შეთანხმებას მიაღწია". livepress.com (in Georgian). 20 August 2019.
  12. ^ "ფოთის საფეხბურთო კლუბი მეოთხე მწვრთნელის მოლოდინშია". 1tv.ge (in Georgian). 27 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Samgurali vs Kolkheti-1913". flashscore.com.
  14. ^ "2020 play-offs". soccerway.com.
  15. ^ "„ვიტ ჯორჯია" და „რუსთავი" ეროვნულ ლიგა 2-ში დარჩნენ". 1tv.ge (in Georgian). 11 December 2021.
  16. ^ "Kolkheti vs Dinamo Minsk". uefa.com.
  17. ^ "„კოლხეთი 1913" გაძლიერდა - ფოთელთა სამწვრთნელო შტაბში ნაკრების ყოფილი მცველი იმუშავებს". 1tv.ge (in Georgian), 3 February 2022.
  18. ^ Georgia - List of Champions - rsssf.com
  19. ^ "ფოთის ცენტრალურ სტადიონზე შვიდი წლის შემდეგ პირველი მატჩი მიმდინარეობს". Georgian Public TV (in Georgian). 6 October 2019.

External linksEdit