This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.

The World Health Organization publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries, the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, or ICD-10. This list uses that classification.

H00-H06 Disorders of eyelid, lacrimal system and orbitEdit

H10-H13 Disorders of conjunctivaEdit

H15-H22 Disorders of sclera, cornea, iris and ciliary bodyEdit

H25-H28 Disorders of lensEdit

  • (H25) Cataract — the lens becomes opaque
  • (H26) Myopia - close object appears clearly , but far ones doesn't
  • (H27) Hypermetropia - Nearby objects appears blurry
  • (H28) Presbyopia - inability to focus on nearby objects

H30-H36 Disorders of choroid and retinaEdit

H30 Chorioretinal inflammationEdit

(H30) Chorioretinal inflammation

H31 Other disorders of choroidEdit

(H31) Other disorders of choroid

H32 Chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhereEdit

(H32) Chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

H33 Retinal detachments and breaksEdit

H34 Retinal vascular occlusionsEdit

A retinal vessel occlusion is a blockage in the blood vessel at the back of your eye that can result in sight loss.

H35 Other retinal disordersEdit

H36 Retinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhereEdit

H40-H42 GlaucomaEdit

H43-H45 Disorders of vitreous body and globeEdit

  • (H43.9) Floaters — shadow-like shapes which appear singly or together with several others in the field of vision

H46-H48 Disorders of optic nerve and visual pathwaysEdit

H49-H52 Disorders of ocular muscles, binocular movement, accommodation and refractionEdit

  • (H49-H50) Strabismus (Crossed eye/Wandering eye/Walleye) — the eyes do not point in the same direction
  • H52 Disorders of refraction and accommodation
    • (H52.0) Hypermetropia (Farsightedness) — the inability to focus on near objects (and in extreme cases, any objects)
    • (H52.1) Myopia (Nearsightedness) — distant objects appear blurred
    • (H52.2) Astigmatism — the cornea or the lens of the eye is not perfectly spherical, resulting in different focal points in different planes
    • (H52.3) Anisometropia — the lenses of the two eyes have different focal lengths
    • (H52.4) Presbyopia — a condition that occurs with growing age and results in the inability to focus on close objects
    • (H52.5) Disorders of accommodation

H53-H54.9 Visual disturbances and blindnessEdit

  • (H53.0) Amblyopia (lazy eye) — poor or blurry vision due to either no transmission or poor transmission of the visual image to the brain
  • (H53.0) Leber's congenital amaurosis — genetic disorder; appears at birth, characterised by sluggish or no pupillary responses
  • (H53.1, H53.4) Scotoma (blind spot) — an area impairment of vision surrounded by a field of relatively well-preserved vision. See also Anopsia.
  • (H53.5) Color blindness — the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish
  • (H53.6) Nyctalopia (Nightblindness) — a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in the dark
  • (H54) Blindness — the brain does not receive optical information, through various causes

H55-H59 Other disorders of eye and adnexaEdit

Other codesEdit

The following are not classified as diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59) by the World Health Organization:[2]

  • (B36.1) Keratomycosis — fungal infection of the cornea
  • (E50.6-E50.7) Xerophthalmia — dry eyes, caused by vitamin A deficiency
  • (Q13.1) Aniridia — a rare congenital eye condition leading to underdevelopment or even absence of the iris of the eye

See alsoEdit


Please see the References section below for the complete listing of information.
  1. ^ a b c d World Health Organization ICD-10 codes: Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59). [1]. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  2. ^ International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. 10th Revision. Version for 2007. [2]