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"Ey Irān" anthem was composed in 1944 in Tehran. The lyrics were written by Hossein Gol-e-Golab and the music was composed by Ruhollah Khaleqi, and it was first performed and recorded by the classical Persian music singer Gholam-Hossein Banan.
Gol-e-Golab was inspired to write the song by patriotism. He has been quoted to have said: "In 1944, the footsteps of the invading armies in the streets were enough to rattle any patriot and inspired me to write this anthem. Professor Ruhollâh Kâleqi wrote the music and despite all the political opposition, it found its way into the heart and soul of the people."
"Ey Irân" is sometimes mistaken for being the former Iranian national anthem. It was always used as the unofficially National Anthem since it was released from 1944 people never liked the official National Anthems. Though the National Anthem in the Shah times was recognized but people still liked Ey Iran more.
Today Iranian opposition groups both inside and outside of Iran do not recognise the current official anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the "national anthem" and in all gatherings and ceremonies use "Ey Irân" anthem.
For decades many groups and singers have performed "Ey Irân". Among the most popular renditions is a 1991 version arranged for voice, choir and orchestra by Golnuš Xāleqi, daughter of Rowhollāh Xāleqi. In this version the vocal soloist was Rashid Vatandust and Esfandiar Gharabaghi.
UniPers Latin alphabet
|Literal translation||Figurative translation|
O Iran, o bejeweled land
O Iran, the land of gems abound
- Ey Iran, Ruhollah Khaleghi (music), Hossein Golgolab (lyrics), Golnoosh Khaleghi (arrangement, 1991)
- Thousands of Persians sing EY IRAN in the Nowruz Concert, Oberhausen Arena, March 2014 (VIDEO)
- Original version of EY IRAN anthem with the complete lyrics in Persian
- Ey Iran, Ey Iran Video by Darya Dadvar 2007.
- Ey Iran performed by Zoroastrian Gatha Group, MPEG audio.