Evesham (UK Parliament constituency)
Evesham was a parliamentary constituency in Worcestershire which was represented in the British House of Commons. Originally a parliamentary borough consisting of the town of Evesham, it was first represented in 1295. After this its franchise lapsed for several centuries, but it then returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) from 1604 until 1868, when its representation was reduced to one member under the Representation of the People Act 1867.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||two until 1868, then one|
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Worcester and South Worcestershire|
From the 1885 general election, Evesham was abolished as a borough but the name was transferred to a larger county constituency electing one MP. This constituency was abolished for the 1950 general election, with the town of Evesham itself being transferred to the new seat of South Worcestershire. Between 1885 and 1918 the constituency had the full name of the Southern, or Evesham, Division of Worcestershire (not to be confused with the 1950 seat).
- 1604-1885: The parishes of All Saints, Evesham, St Lawrence, Evesham and Bengeworth
- 1885-1918: The petty sessional divisions of Blockley, Evesham, Pershore and Upton-on-Severn, and parts of the petty sessional divisions of Malvern and Redditch
- 1918-1950: The municipal boroughs of Droitwich and Evesham, the rural districts of Droitwich, Evesham, Feckenham, Pershore and Shipston-on-Stour, the parishes of Bredon, Bredon's Norton, Conderton, Overbury and Teddington from the rural district of Tewkesbury and the parts of the rural districts of Stow on the Wold and Winchcombe within the administrative county of Worcestershire
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1604-1611||Thomas Biggs||Sir Philip Knightley, died |
and replaced 1605 by Robert Bowyer, appointed to crown office
and replaced 1610 by Edward Salter
|1614-1622||Sir Thomas Biggs||Anthony Langston|
|1621||Sir Thomas Biggs||Anthony Langston|
|1624||Sir Edward Conway||Richard Cresheld|
|1625||Richard Cresheld||Anthony Langston|
|1626||Sir John Hare||Anthony Langston|
|1628||Sir Robert Harley||Richard Cresheld|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing|
Hill was appointed Comptroller of the Household, requiring a by-election.
|Turnout||249 (est)||70.1 (est)||−17.6|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Turnout||223 (est)||63.9 (est)||−6.2|
|Peelite||Henry Robert Addison||61||15.1||N/A|
|Turnout||202 (est)||61.1 (est)||−2.8|
|Independent Liberal||Edwin Chadwick||49||12.7||N/A|
|Turnout||193 (est)||57.1 (est)||−4.0|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Willoughby's death caused a by-election.
|Turnout||299 (est)||88.7 (est)||+31.6|
Seat reduced to one member
|Liberal||Thomas S Richardson||303||46.6||+0.0|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Liberal||Joseph Napier Higgins||299||46.4||−0.2|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||Daniel Rowlinson Ratcliff||382||50.6||+4.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.2|
The 1880 election was declared void on account of bribery of electors, causing a by-election.
Lehmann's election was declared void, on account of bribery and corruption, and Hartland was then elected after scrutiny.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.1|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal||Arthur Worthington Biggs||4,293||49.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal||Walter John Burt||3,998||42.5||−7.0|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Bolton Eyres-Monsell
- Liberal: William Pearce Ellis
|Liberal||William Pearce Ellis||3,570||21.1||N/A|
|Labour||Walter Metcalfe Fielding||2,863||16.9||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||William Henry Collett||5,453||27.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Benjamin Ryle Swift||3,454||17.2||−9.9|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative||Rupert de la Bere||18,757||65.1||n/a|
|Labour||W E Warder||6,264||21.8||n/a|
|Liberal||Christopher a'Becket Williams||3,774||13.1||n/a|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Conservative||Rupert de la Bere||17,835||53.4|
|Common Wealth||Desmond Donnelly||7,727||23.1|
- Expelled as a monopolist in 1641
- On petition, Lopes was declared not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Howorth, was seated in his place
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 131–133. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via Google Books.
- An Elector (1834). Letter I. of an Appeal to the Electors of the County and City of Worcester, Who Consider Themselves Unduly Represented in the Present Parliament; With an Appendix on the Progress of Discontent and the Prostration of the Late Government. Tewkesbury: James Bennett. p. 13. Retrieved 5 November 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Election Intelligence". Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette. 8 January 1835. p. 3. Retrieved 5 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Borthwick was re-elected in 1837 but on petition his election was declared void and Hill declared elected in his place. A petition against the other successful candidate, Rushout, was dismissed. Borthwick and Rushout subsequently fought a duel over the outcome of the election.
- Froude, James Anthony; Tulloch, John, eds. (1838). "More of the Grenville-Act". Fraser's Magazine, Volume 17. G. W. Nickisson. p. 522. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "The Country". The Spectator. 28 January 1837. p. 5. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- Horwood, Martin. "Grenville Berkeley". Martin Horwood for Cheltenham. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1842). "English Contested Elections". The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections; Containing the Uncontested Elections Since 1830 (Second ed.). London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. p. 175. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "General Election Returns". Roscommon and Leitrim Gazette. 7 February 1835. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, From 1st George I., to the Present Time: Volume II, Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 127. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- On petition, Lehmann's election was declared void and his opponent Dixon-Hartland was declared elected in his place
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The Elections". Worcester Journal. 8 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "General Election". Aris's Birmingham Gazette. 12 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Elections in this County, the Worcestershire Boroughs, and the Adjacent Counties". Worcester Herald. 28 March 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Evesham". Cheltenham Chronicle. 31 March 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Elections". Chester Chronicle. 30 April 1859. p. 7. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To Correspondents". Worcester Journal. 23 April 1859. p. 5. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Evesham". Worcestershire Chronicle. 9 August 1865. p. 4. Retrieved 10 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Electors". Worcestershire Chronicle. 11 November 1868. p. 1. Retrieved 10 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Evesham". Pall Mall Gazette. 27 January 1874. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 29 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Evesham By-Election". The Cornishman (105). 15 July 1880. p. 3.
- "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 31 Mar 1880. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 26 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Evesham Election Declared Void". County Express; Brierley Hill, Stourbridge, Kidderminster, and Dudley News. 12 Jun 1880. p. 2. Retrieved 26 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Evesham Election Petition". Aldershot Military Gazette. 18 Dec 1880. p. 6. Retrieved 26 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Magazine, 1939
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- T. H. B. Oldfield, The Representative History of Great Britain and Ireland (London: Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, 1816)
- Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)