William Manning (British politician)

William Manning (1 December 1763 – 17 April 1835) was a British merchant, politician, and Governor of the Bank of England.[1]

Copped Hall, Hertfordshire

Manning was the son of West India merchant William Coventry Manning and Elizabeth Ryan.[2] Manning's sister Martha married American Revolutionary War patriot John Laurens.[3] Manning joined his father's firm, taking control after his father's death in 1791.

He worked as a merchant in the West Indies, acting as agent for St Vincent (1792-1806) and for Grenada (1825-1831). He was elected a Director of the Bank of England from 1792 to 1831 and its Governor between 1812 and 1814, having served as its Deputy Governor from 1810 to 1812. He also invested in the Australian Agricultural Company, becoming its Deputy Governor in 1826, and was president of the London Life Assurance from 1817 to 1830.[4]

He inherited Copped Hall, Totteridge, Hertfordshire, where his wife Mary Hunter re-designed the grounds, probably with the advice of Humphry Repton, damming the Folly Brook to create the ornamental Darland's Lake.[5]

Between 1794 and 1830 he served almost continuously as a Member of Parliament in turn for Evesham, Lymington and Penryn.[1]

Combe Bank

After the death of Lord Frederick Campbell in 1816, he bought Combe Bank near Sevenoaks, Kent from Campbell's daughter. However he got into financial difficulties in the 1820s and had to declare himself bankrupt in 1831. He was forced to resign from the Bank of England, sell his estates and move to a smaller property in Gower Street, London.

He died at Gower Street in 1835 and was buried at Sundridge, Kent. He had married twice; firstly Elizabeth, daughter of banker Abel Smith of Nottingham, with whom he had 2 daughters and secondly Mary, daughter of barrister Henry Lannoy Hunter of Beech Hill, Reading, Berkshire with whom he had 4 sons and 4 daughters.

One son, Henry Manning,[6] was ordained as an Anglican clergyman and became a leader of the Oxford Movement, later converting to Catholicism and becoming the Archbishop of Westminster in 1865.

The Manning River in New South Wales, Australia was named in his honour.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "MANNING, William (1763-1835), of Copped Hall, Totteridge, Herts. and Coombe Bank, nr. Sevenoaks, Kent". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  2. ^ The History of Chislehurst: Its Church, Manors, and Parish, 1899, page 223
  3. ^ Wallace, David Duncan. The Life of Henry Laurens: With a Sketch of the Life of Lieutenant-Colonel John Laurens. Putnam, 1915, page 466
  4. ^ "William Manning - Profile & Legacies Summary". UCL. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  5. ^ Darland's Lake Nature Reserve, London Gardens Online
  6. ^ Henry Edward Manning, Catholic Encyclopedia

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Earl of Carhampton
Philip Metcalfe
Member of Parliament for Plympton Erle
17941796
With: Philip Metcalfe
Succeeded by
William Adams
William Mitchell
Preceded by
Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt
Nathaniel Brassey Halhed
Member of Parliament for Lymington
17961801
With: Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt
Parliament of Great Britain abolished
Parliament of the United Kingdom
New creation
Parliament of the United Kingdom created
Member of Parliament for Lymington
18011806
With: Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt to 1802
Harry Burrard 1802
John Kingston 1802–1806
Succeeded by
John Kingston
Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt
Preceded by
Patrick Craufurd Bruce
Charles Thellusson
Member of Parliament for Evesham
18061818
With: Humphrey Howorth 1806–1807, 1808–1818
Sir Manasseh Lopes, Bt 1807–1808
Succeeded by
William Rouse-Boughton
Humphrey Howorth
Preceded by
Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt
John Taylor
Member of Parliament for Lymington
18181820
With: Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt
George Finch
Preceded by
Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt
George Finch
Member of Parliament for Lymington
1821–1826
With: Sir Harry Burrard-Neale, Bt to 1823
Walter Boyd from 1823
Succeeded by
Walter Boyd
Guy Lenox Prendergast
Preceded by
Pascoe Grenfell
Robert Stanton
Member of Parliament for Penryn
18261830
With: David Barclay
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Lemon
James William Freshfield
Government offices
Preceded by
John Pearse
Governor of the Bank of England
1812–1814
Succeeded by
William Mellish