Gloria Evangelina Elizondo López-Llera (28 April 1929 – 2 October 2017) was a Mexican actress and singer from the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. She starred in movies, television and theater. She was an accomplished artist having studied at the National School of Painting and had a degree in theology. She wrote two books and recorded numerous albums. In 2014, she received a Premios Arlequín (Harlequin Prize) for her contributions to Mexican culture.

Evangelina Elizondo
Elizondo in 1960.
Gloria Evangelina Elizondo López-Llera

(1929-04-28)28 April 1929
Died2 October 2017(2017-10-02) (aged 88)
Mexico City, Mexico
Other namesLas piernas más bonitas de México
Occupation(s)Actress, artist, singer
Years active1948–2016

Biography edit

Gloria Evangelina Elizondo López-Llera[1] was born on 28 April 1929[2] in Mexico City. Her mother, Evangelina López Llera, was a painter.[3] At the age of 21, she won a contest to become the voice of Cinderella in the original Spanish-language release of the Walt Disney feature film.[4] Her first acting performance, at the Teatro Margo was as a dancer[5] in the 1950 production of Los de abajo by Mariano Azuela.[3] From that starting point, she went on to participate in many stage productions including Mame, Yo y mi Chica, Dónde está el Tenor, and La viuda alegre.[6]

Elizondo during a performance in the Tropicana Club located at Habana, Cuba, c. 1950s

Her first film was Las locuras de Tin-Tan with Germán Valdés made in 1951. After that, some of her favorite films were Frontera Norte (1953), Educando a Papá (1954), Pueblo de Proscritos (1955), and Los Platillos Voladores (1955).[7]

From 1954-55, she filmed nine pictures in Cuba[8] and when she returned she made Tropicana (1956), Superflaco (1957) and El Castillo de los Monstrous (1957). The last two were personal favorites, one because it was a musical and the other because it was an Abbott and Costello-type film and the actors in it were enjoyable to work with. In her later career, Elizondo filmed El Mistero de los Hongos Alucinantes (1967), Noche de Terror (1987), and the English-language film, A Walk in the Clouds (1994). She made over 75 films, mostly comedies and musicals, as she did not like dramatic works.[7]

In 1959, she married an engineer, José Luis Paganoni. They separated in 1960. On 27 May 1960, Elizondo, who was participating in the play 30 minutos de amor at the Rotunda Theatre with Ramón Gay, had gone to dinner with Gay after their performance. The couple was accosted by Paganoni, and during the argument, Gay was shot. Elizondo called for an ambulance and Gay was taken to Rubén Leñero Hospital. He succumbed to his wounds on 28 May 1960.[9][10]

Shortly after that event, she recorded her first musical album, La sensacional Evangelina, which was released in 1961 and she has recorded numerous LPs and CDs. Her music spans from children's songs, to opera, to inspirational songs. She was the first woman to lead an orchestra, which she did for over 12 years.[6]

Elizondo also performed in several telenovelas for both Televisa and TV Azteca. La frontera, El pecado de Oyuki, El abuelo y yo, Tres veces Sofía, Besos prohibidos and Mirada de Mujer, el regreso. In the last two, she performed as the character "Mamá Lena", who has become a cultural icon in Mexico.[6] "Mama Lena" is the personification of traditional values meeting the modern world and the emotions that accompany the clashes that inevitably occur.[5] In addition to serials, Elizondo has filmed several commercials, including commercials for American television. In 1996, she did a commercial for the California Milk Commission.[7]

She studied various art media: acrylic with Froylán Ojeda, murals with Ignacio Aguirre, oils with Jorge Quiroz, who also taught her how to paint hands, and attended the National School of Painting "La Esmeralda". She studied with the master painter, José Bardasano Baos and in 1973, she held her first solo exhibition of her artworks. Initially her style was surrealistic with bold use of color, but her later works are more realistic depictions of animals, landscapes and people.[3] As of 2014, she had participated in 64 group art showings and 15 solo exhibitions.[6]

She studied theology and graduated with a bachelor's degree in theology in 1993 from La Salle University.[11] She has written a book about art, as well one about philosophy, entitled "Pensamiento Abierto," and published numerous articles.[6]

In 2004, Elizondo began working full-time at the National Association of Actors (ANDA)[5] as Secretary of Labor and Conflicts but was dismissed in 2012.[12] She sued and won her case for wrongful termination in 2013.[1]

Elizondo was the recipient of a 2014 Premios Arlequín (Harlequin Prize) for her contributions to Mexican culture.[13]

Death and legacy edit

Elizondo died on 2 October 2017 in Mexico City, aged 88. A Google Doodle on 28 April 2019 commemorated Elizondo’s 90th birth anniversary.[14]

Published works edit

Books edit

  • "Evangelina Elizondo: pintura" Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico City (1963) (in Spanish) (OCLC #176183788)
  • "Pensamiento abierto: se puede ser feliz aun—en un mundo de hombres" Editorial Grad, Mexico City (1999) (in Spanish) (ISBN 978-9-686-21047-7)

Albums edit

  • La sensacional Evangelina, Coro (1961) (in Spanish)
  • Evangelina Elizondo, Cisne (1963) (in Spanish)

Filmography edit

Film edit

Telenovelas edit

Television series edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Evangelina Elizondo gana demanda a la ANDA" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: La Jornada. 19 June 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Efemérides del 27 de abril" (in Spanish). Michoacán, Mexico: La Voz de Michoacán. 28 April 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Villanueva S., Mario. "La pintura es una realización del alma: Evangelina Elizondo" (in Spanish). Atizapán de Zaragoza, Mexico: Revista Antidoto. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  4. ^ Cruz, Karina (31 August 2012). "La actriz Evangelina Elizondo recuerda época de oro" (in Spanish). Puebla, Mexico: El Sol de Puebla. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "Evangelina Elizondo está chapada a la antigua" (in Spanish). Torreón, Mexico: El Siglo de Torreón. 18 April 2004. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e Aguirre, Guillermo (16 May 2014). "Evangelina Elizondo, una vida para la reflexión; Mamalena está de regreso" (in Spanish). Puerto Vallarta, Mexico: News Network Communication. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  7. ^ a b c Parla, Paul; Mitchell, Charles P. (2009). Screen sirens scream!: Interviews with 20 actresses from science fiction, horror, film noir and mystery movies, 1930s to 1960s. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. pp. 85–91. ISBN 978-0-7864-4587-5. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Evangelina Elizondo en Artistas Mexicanos en Cine en Cuba". Guije (in Spanish). Havana, Cuba: Guije. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  9. ^ Castellanos G, Ernesto (25 May 2009). "Los crímenes de Ramón Gay y De Anda" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Organización Editorial Mexicana. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  10. ^ Pérez Gay, Rafael (18 September 2006). "Crónicas neuróticas" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: El Universal. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Estudios de Evangelina Elizondo". Evangelina Elizondo (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Evangelina Elizondo. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Silvia Pinal es mi enemiga: Evangelina Elizondo" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: El Universal. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  13. ^ Godoy, Mauro (26 November 2014). "Evangelina Elizondo, a sus 85 años, demostró que está hecha ¡'de buena madera'!" (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: TV Notas. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Evangelina Elizondo's 90th Birthday". Google. 28 April 2019.

External links edit