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The European Football League (EFL) is a tournament for European American football teams affiliated to EFAF (European Federation of American Football). Until 2013, the final game of the EFL was the Eurobowl, which has been held annually since 1986. In 2014, the EFL was replaced as Europe's top-tier club competition by the new BIG6 European Football League and the EFL Bowl was introduced as the new final game of the EFL.

European Football League
European Football League logo.png
SportGridiron football
Founded1986
No. of teams6
ContinentEurope
Most recent
champion(s)
Thonon Black Panthers
Most titlesVienna Vikings (5)
Promotion toBIG6 European Football League
Official websiteEurobowl.info

Contents

EFLEdit

Under the governance of EFAF, the best American Football teams in Europe participate in annual competitions. Until 2013, the EFL was the first-tier competition for American football clubs in Europe. EFAF determined the relative strength of each of its 17 affiliate leagues and allocated teams to the 4 divisions accordingly, thus not all nations took part. National league champions, runners-up or teams with international success were eligible for the EFL. Teams from 'weaker' leagues could take part in the EFAF Cup. The final game of the EFL was the Eurobowl, which has been held annually since 1986.

In 2014, the BIG6 European Football League was introduced as the new top-tier competition of American football in Europe.[1] The EFL continued to be played as a second-tier competition, with its teams playing for the newly created EFL Bowl trophy.[2] The inaugural EFL Bowl was won by the Kiel Baltic Hurricanes of Germany against Spain's Badalona Dracs on 20 July 2014.[3]

From 2017 on, the EFL Bowl winners may play a relegation game against the last placed team of the BIG6, and be promoted to the BIG6 if they win.[4]

FormatEdit

Until 2013, Teams were split into 4 divisions of 3 or 2 teams. In a division of 3, teams played 2 matches; once at home to one opponent and the other away to the other opponent. In a division of 2 teams, each team played each other home and away. The division winners then advanced to the play-offs.

The play-off format was changed for the 2008 season. The tournament was expanded to an eight-team competition. The two finalists from the 2007 season, Vienna Vikings and Marburg Mercenaries, earned automatic berths for the next season and the two semi-finalists, Eidsvoll 1814's from Norway and Tirol Raiders from Austria, earned a spot for the national champions of their respective countries. In quarterfinals these teams faced the four winners of the divisional round. In semi-finals teams were paired by the Eurobowl seeding system, with the best-seeded team facing the worst and the second-best facing the second-worst. Winners then advanced to the Eurobowl.

With the start of the Big6 in 2014, the format of the EFL changed again. Six teams played in two divisions of three teams. The winners of the groups advanced to the EFL Bowl.

EFL BowlsEdit

For a list of champions by year before 2014, see Eurobowl.

Game Year Date City Winners Score Runners-up Attendance MVP
I 2014 19 July 2014[5] Kiel, Germany Kiel Baltic Hurricanes   40–00 Badalona Dracs   2,104 Garrett Andrews (KBH)
II 2015 27 June 2015[6] Kiel, Germany Kiel Baltic Hurricanes   49–28 Allgäu Comets   1,752
III 2016 11 June 2016[7] Frankfurt, Germany Frankfurt Universe   35–21 Amsterdam Crusaders   6,056[8] Jesse Lewis (FU)
IV 2017 10 June 2017[9] Thonon-les-Bains, France Thonon Black Panthers   29–20 Rhinos Milano   2,500[10] Stephen Yepmo (TBP)
V 2018 9 June 2018 Sesto San Giovanni, Italy Potsdam Royals   43–42 Seamen Milano   2,500[11] Xavier Mitchell (SM)

Records and statisticsEdit

By clubEdit

Club Won Runner-up Years won Years runner-up
  Vikings Vienna 5 5 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2013 2001, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2012
  Swarco Raiders Tirol 3 1 2008, 2009, 2011 2013
  Bergamo Lions 3 3 2000, 2001, 2002 1994, 2004, 2005
  Hamburg Blue Devils 3 2 1996, 1997, 1998 1999, 2000
  Amsterdam Crusaders 2 4 1991, 1992 1988, 1989, 1993, 2016
  Braunschweig Lions 2 1 1999, 2003 2002
  London Olympians 2 1 1993, 1994 1995
  Kiel Baltic Hurricanes 2 0 2014, 2015
  Berlin Adler 1 2 2010 1991, 2011
  Legnano Frogs 1 1 1989 1990
  Potsdam Royals 1 0 2018
  Thonon Black Panthers 1 0 2017
  Frankfurt Universe 1 0 2016
  Calanda Broncos 1 0 2012
  Düsseldorf Panther 1 0 1995
  Manchester Spartans 1 0 1990
  Helsinki Roosters 1 0 1988
  Taft Vantaa 1 0 1986
  La Courneuve Flash 0 3 1998, 2006, 2009
  • Listed are Eurobowls from 1986 to 2013 and EFL Bowls from 2014 on.

by countryEdit

Championships Country Year
11   Germany 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2010, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018
8   Austria 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013
4   Italy 1989, 2000, 2001, 2002
3   United Kingdom 1990, 1993, 1994
2   Netherlands 1991, 1992
2   Finland 1986, 1988
1   France 2017
1   Switzerland 2012

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BIG6 European Football League starts 2014 www.eurobowl.com, published: 20 November 2013, accessed: 5 December 2013
  2. ^ EFL 2014 teams announced www.efaf.info, published: 11 February 2014, accessed: 8 July 2014
  3. ^ Kiel Baltic Hurricanes win EFL Bowl I! www.efaf.info, published: 20 July 2014, accessed: 14 October 2014
  4. ^ Regulations for Club-Team Competitions eurobowl.efaf.info, published: 15 October 2016, accessed: 2 November 2016
  5. ^ EFL Bowl I am 19.07.2014 in Kiel (in German) www.efaf.info, published: 6 July 2014, accessed: 8 July 2014
  6. ^ EFL Bowl II on June 27, 2015 at Kiel www.efaf.info, published: 3 June 2015, accessed: 21 June 2015
  7. ^ Frankfurt zieht ins Finale ein und richtet EFL-Bowl aus (in German) www.eurobowl.info, published: 29 May 2016, accessed: 30 May 2016
  8. ^ Samsung Frankfurt Universe ist EFL-Champion (in German) www.frankfurt-universe.de, published: 11 June 2016, accessed: 23 November 2016
  9. ^ EFL-Bowl: Thonon Black Panthers receive Rhinos Milano www.eurobowl.info, published: 7 June 2017, accessed: 11 June 2017
  10. ^ "Thonon Black Panthers win the EFL Bowl". eurobowl.info. 10 June 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  11. ^ "EFL Bowl: Dramatic End with a points festival". eurobowl.info. 11 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.

External linksEdit