European Deterrence Initiative

The European Deterrence Initiative (EDI), prior to 2017 known as the European Reassurance Initiative,[1] is a program that was initiated in June 2014, about three months after the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, by the White House to increase the U.S. presence in Europe for security purposes.

The initiative increased in appropriation from a $1 billion operation to $3.4 billion by 2017.[2] In May 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump proposed adding another $1.4 billion (+40%) to the appropriation.[3]

Operation Atlantic Resolve is covered by the initiative.[4]

In September 2019, a diversion of some of the funding was announced to extend the US-Mexico border wall.[5]


  1. ^ "European Deterrence Initiative: the transatlantic security guarantee". 2018-07-09. Archived from the original on 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2018-07-11. In 2017, it was renamed the European Deterrence Initiative (EDI)
  2. ^ "FACT SHEET: European Reassurance Initiative and Other U.S. Efforts in Support of NATO Allies and Partners" Archived 2017-01-10 at the Wayback Machine, Mark Cancian. Center for Strategic and International Studies. February 9, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Politico. NATO cheers Trump’s military budget Archived 2017-06-06 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "OPERATION ATLANTIC RESOLVE (2014)" Archived 2016-12-22 at the Wayback Machine, U.S. European Command. U.S. Department of Defense. 2014. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "Foreign Affairs Committee Democrats Condemn Trump's Plans to Cut Russian Deterrence Initiative to Fund Border Wall". House Foreign Affairs Committee. 2020-05-11. Retrieved 2021-02-26.