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Eugene Ludins (born March 23, 1904, Mariupol, Ukraine, died 1996, New York City)[1] was a leading regional American painter and academic.

His paintings are in the collection of the Whitney Museum of Art, and his works have been shown in solo exhibits in Woodstock, New York, New York City, the Dorsky Museum at SUNY in New Paltz, New York, and Albany, New York, as well as in Iowa.[2]

His representational art, often fantastic and surrealistic, fell into obscurity after 1948, concurrent with the advent of Abstract Expressionism and his move to teach at the University of Iowa.[3] Only in the early 21st Century did he regain national recognition, posthumously.[2]


Early careerEdit

Ludins was born in Ukraine, and moved with his parents to America when he was a few months old.[4] They settled in The Bronx,[1][5] where he grew up.[3]

Ludins attended the Art Students League, and from 1928 to 1932, he lived and worked in the Maverick Artists Colony in Woodstock .[1][3][4][5] There, in 1932, he met fellow Woodstock artist Hannah Small, who was then married to (but separated from) artist Austin Mecklem; later, they eloped to New Mexico, and upon returning, moved to their own house in Woodstock.[3]

In 1937, he married the now-divorced Small, and he served as a director of two Federal Art Projects from 1937 to 1939.[1][2][4][5][6]

From 1941 to 1942, Luden's Fish Hunt was exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, but did not win any awards in their annual show of American paintings and sculpture.[7]

World War II and later careerEdit

At the age of 40, he enlisted in the Army; he served in the American Red Cross during World War II in Okinawa in the Pacific theater of war.[4] He was changed by the experience;[5] According to the Troy Record, "the horrors he saw there would strongly influence his artistic career for the next decade and to some extent for the rest of his life."[4] "His war experiences seep into the imagery" of his paintings and drawings, noted Art Roll.[3]

The New York Times praised his work on July 4, 1948.[citation needed] The Times also noted a solo exhibit of his drawings in 1958, calling them "light ... a bit of welcome relief."[8]

Ludins taught for many years at the University of Iowa starting in 1948, until he retired in 1969.[1] Amongst his many students at U. of Iowa was Berta Rosenbaum Golahny.[9] He was one of a number of W.P.A. artists who had gone to teach art at U. of Iowa, all without academic credentials, including his more famous peer, Grant Wood, although Ludins would stay there for 30 years.[10]

He moved back to Woodstock, and lived there in his retirement from 1969 until his death in 1996.[1]

Even in his retirement, Ludins mentored and befriended art students, including Susana Torruella Leval, director of El Museo del Barrio, and her husband, Pierre Leval, who was a Federal judge; they would be critical to the reëvaluation of his artistic oeuvre.[2]

Death and legacyEdit

Small, his wife, died in 1992, and Ludins created a fireproof storage facility for their collective works of art. Ludins died in 1996 at the age of 92.[2] According to Metroland, "Ludins’ works languished, forgotten, in the concrete vault the artist built for them...."[6]

In the early 21st century, Ludin's art, once "covered in cobwebs" according to the New York Times, received lost-due favorable recognition, in great part to the work of his old friends the Levals.[2] Prices of his art were "at first consistent and now rising" as of 2012.[5] SUNY New Paltz's Dorksy Art Museum hosted a major exhibition of his art in 2012, curated by Torruella Leval, which received rave reviews.[2][3][5][11][12]

There followed an exhibit of about 60 of the same pieces in 2013 at the New York State Museum.[4][6][13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f n.a. (n.d., 2011). "Artists: Eugene Ludins (1904-1996)". Fletcher Gallery. Retrieved April 17, 2013. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Ruiz, Rebecca (July 6, 2012). "Beneath the Cobwebs, Regional Treasure". New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Woods, Lynn (n.d., 2012). "A Forgotten American Fantasist Showcased at the Dorsky". Art Roll. Check date values in: |date= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. ^ a b c d e f Benjamin, Ian (February 18, 2013). "Woodstock artist Eugene Ludins' works on display at museum". The Record (Troy). Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Smart, Paul (February 8, 2012). "Eugene Ludins exhibit at Dorsky". Hudson Valley Almanac Weekly. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Staff (February 14, 2013). "Eugene Ludins: An American Fantasist". Metroland. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  7. ^ n.a. (October 30, 1941). "52nd Annual Exhibition of American paintings and sculpture" (PDF). Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  8. ^ Devree, Howard (February 5, 1958). "Art: Satiric Drawings; Eugene Ludins Spoofs Modern Foibles -- Displays by Two Women". New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  9. ^ n.a. (n.a.). "Biography: BERTA ROSENBAUM GOLAHNY: Painter, Printmaker, Sculptor, Teacher". Retrieved April 17, 2013. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  10. ^ Oakes, John (2006). "How The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill) Impacted Women Artists' Career Opportunities" (PDF). Visual Culture & Gender. p. 24. ISSN 1936-1912. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  11. ^ n.d. (n.d., 2012). "Eugene Ludins: An American Fantasist". SUNY New Paltz. Retrieved April 17, 2013. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. ^ Steiner, Raymond. "Eugene Ludins: An American Fantasist at the Samuel Dorsky Museum of Art" (PDF). Art Times. 28 (5, March/April 2012). p. 1. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  13. ^ n.a. (February 11, 2013). "Current Exhibitions: Eugene Ludins: An American Fantasist". New York State Museum. Retrieved April 17, 2013.

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