Eti River

Eti River is a river of Seram Island, Maluku province, Indonesia, about 2400 km northeast of the capital Jakarta.[1] It flows into the sea on the southwest side of the island, a few kilometres south of the town of Piru, West Seram Regency.[2]

Eti River
Wae Eti, Sungai Eti
Eti River is located in Maluku
Eti River
Location of river mouth
Eti River is located in Indonesia
Eti River
Eti River (Indonesia)
Location
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceMaluku
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationSeram Island
MouthBay of Piru

HistoryEdit

According to the Central Maluku legend, the three rivers: Eti River, Tala River and Sapalewa River, flow from a sacred lake on the mountain peak called "Nunusaku". There grows a ficus tree with three big roots, each stretching in the direction of the abovementioned rivers, and this is the place of origin of the native people in Seram island, the so-called "Alifuru" people, who later inhabit the surrounding islands.[3] The three rivers are known in local language as Kwele Batai Telu or Kwalai Batai Telu ("three stream branches"; Indonesian: "Tiga Ruas Sungai") watering the island of Seram (Nusa Ina).[4] "Nunusaku" (which was a lost great kingdom according to legends)[4] is a term consisting of two words: "nunu" or "nunue" (ficus tree), and "saku" (truth).[5] This place is located in the area of Manusa-Manue and considered impassable by humans.[5] Alune and Wemale people live in the watershed areas of the three rivers: Alune people inhabit the whole area of Eti river, mountainous area of Tala river and most of the coastal area of Sapalewa river, whereas Wemale people occupy the area east of Tala and Sapalewa rivers.[5]

GeographyEdit

The river flows in the southwest area of Seram island with predominantly tropical rainforest climate (designated as Af in the Köppen-Geiger climate classification).[6] The annual average temperature in the area is 22 °C. The warmest month is April, when the average temperature is around 23 °C, and the coldest is July, at 20 °C.[7] The average annual rainfall is 3233 mm. The wettest month is July, with an average of 596 mm rainfall, and the driest is October, with 124 mm rainfall.[8]

Eti River
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
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D
 
 
184
 
 
23
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327
 
 
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596
 
 
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363
 
 
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124
 
 
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145
 
 
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261
 
 
24
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wae Eti at Geonames.org (cc-by); Last updated 2013-06-04; Database dump downloaded 2015-11-27
  2. ^ Reuter, Thomas; Reuter, Thomas Anton (1 January 2006). Sharing the Earth, Dividing the Land: Land and Territory in the Austronesian World. ANU E Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-1-920942-70-0.
  3. ^ Pattikayhatu, John (1978). Sejarah Daerah Maluku. Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan.
  4. ^ a b Eti, Tala dan Sapalewa (Legenda dari SBB, Maluku). Molluca Times. April 2016.
  5. ^ a b c Suharno, Dyah Maria Wirawati (2014). Pulau Seram. Pustaka hikmah disertasi. Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia. ISBN 9789799106216.
  6. ^ Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. Retrieved 30 January 2016. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  7. ^ a b "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. 30 January 2016.
  8. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month - TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. 30 January 2016.

Coordinates: 3°6′23″S 128°12′24″E / 3.10639°S 128.20667°E / -3.10639; 128.20667