Estipite

The estipite column is a type of column or pilaster typical of the Churrigueresque Baroque style of Spain and Spanish America used in the 18th century.[1] It was introduced between 1720 and 1760. The column has the shape of an inverted cone or obelisk. The shaft is always wider in its middle part than the base and capital.[2][3] The column combines features of both late Baroque and Mannerist.[4]

Estipite in the Basilica of la Vera Cruz in Caravaca de la Cruz, Region of Murcia, Spain.
Estitipes on the facade of the Parroquia Antigua in Salamanca, State of Guanajuato, Mexico.

HistoryEdit

In the late Baroque period (late 18th century), many classical architectural elements lost their simple shapes and became increasingly complex, offering variety of forms and exuberant decoration. One of such elements where these changes were most visible was the altarpiece, where a special column commonly known as stipe, was introduced. Its shaft consists of various superimposed shapes serving as support for highly ornate decoration, mainly imitative of vegetation.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ESTÍPITE". Mexican Architecture. mexicanarchitecture.org. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  2. ^ Palmer, Gabrielle G.; Pierce, Donna (1992). Cambios: The Spirit of Transformation in Spanish Colonial Art. Santa Barbara Museum of Art in collaboration with the University of New Mexico Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-0826314086. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Spanish Architecture in the Baroque Period". Boundless Art History. boundless.com. 26 May 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016. Spanish Baroque is a strand of Baroque architecture that evolved in Spain and its provinces and former colonies, in the late 17th century.
  4. ^ Baird, Jr., Joseph Armstrong (1962). The Churches of Mexico, 1530-1810. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 38. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Jerónimo de Balbás". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 4 October 2018.