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Plaça d'Espanya station

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Plaça d'Espanya, also simply known as Espanya, is an interchange complex underneath Plaça d'Espanya, in the Barcelona district of Sants-Montjuïc, in Catalonia, Spain. It comprises the Barcelona terminus of the Llobregat–Anoia Line and a Barcelona Metro station complex served by lines 1 (L1) and 3 (L3). On the L1, the station is between Hostafrancs and Rocafort, and on the L3 it is between Poble Sec and Tarragona. The Llobregat–Anoia Line station is served by Barcelona Metro line 8 (L8), Baix Llobregat Metro lines S33, S4 and S8, and commuter rail lines R5, R6, R50 and R60. The services on the Llobregat–Anoia Line (including the L8) are operated by Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC), whilst the L1 and L3 are operated by Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB).[1][6][7][8]

Plaça d'Espanya
FGC rapid transit and commuter rail station
TMB rapid transit station complex
Fale - Barcellona - 266.jpg
The station's southern entrance from Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes in 2009.
LocationPlaça d'Espanya
Barcelona
Catalonia
Spain
Coordinates41°22′29″N 2°8′57″E / 41.37472°N 2.14917°E / 41.37472; 2.14917Coordinates: 41°22′29″N 2°8′57″E / 41.37472°N 2.14917°E / 41.37472; 2.14917
Owned byGovernment of Catalonia
Operated by
Line(s)
Platforms
  • 2 side platforms and 1 island platform (Llobregat–Anoia Line)
  • 2 side platforms (Barcelona Metro line 1)
  • 2 side platforms (Barcelona Metro line 3)
Tracks
  • 4 (Llobregat–Anoia Line)
  • 2 (Barcelona Metro line 1)
  • 2 (Barcelona Metro line 3)
Connections
  • Bus transport Urban and interurban buses
  • Bicing station Bicing stations located nearby
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Bicycle facilitiesThe upper hall of the Llobregat–Anoia Line station has a bicycle parking rack.[1]
Disabled accessThe FGC entrance (southwestern side of Plaça d'Espanya) is fully disabled-accessible.
Other information
Station code
  • 122 (Barcelona Metro line 1)[2]
  • 321 (Barcelona Metro line 3)[3]
Fare zone1 (ATM Àrea de Barcelona)[4]
History
Opened
  • 1926 (1926) (Llobregat–Anoia Line and Barcelona Metro line 1)
  • 1975 (1975) (Barcelona Metro line 3)
Traffic
Passengers (2018)5,405,512[5] (Llobregat–Anoia Line)
Services
Preceding station   FGC.svg FGC   Following station
L8Terminus
toward Can Ros
S33
S4
S8
R5
toward Igualada
R6
R50
toward Igualada
R60
Preceding station   Barcelona Metro Logo.svg Metro   Following station
L1
toward Fondo
L3
Location
Plaça d'Espanya is located in Barcelona
Plaça d'Espanya
Plaça d'Espanya
Location in the Barcelona area.

HistoryEdit

The station opened in 1926, when both the metro line L1 platforms, on the initial section of L1 between Bordeta and Catalunya stations, and the upper level FGC platforms opened. In 1929 the station served the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition held nearby.[1][6]

The metro line L3 platforms were added in 1975, on the then separate line L3b between Paral·lel and Sants stations. The platforms became served by the L3 proper in 1982, when the L3 and L3b were merged into a single through service.[7]

In 1997, two lower level platforms were added to the FGC part of the station, aligned in anticipation of future eastern extension of the FGC lines.[1]

Station layoutEdit

The station complex comprises three sets of platforms, serving three different sets of lines on three different track gauges. All three sets of platforms are connected by pedestrian subways to each other, and to various street entrances in the square and its surrounding streets.[6] The sets of platforms are:

  • The Llobregat–Anoia Line uses four metre gauge terminal tracks located under Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes at its intersection with Plaça Espanya. The four tracks are at two different levels. The tracks on the upper level are served by a pair of 159-metre-long (522 ft) side platforms, whilst the tracks on the lower level are served by an island platform. The four terminal tracks converge, west of the station, into a single pair of tracks carrying all train services.[1][8]
  • Barcelona Metro line 1 (L1) uses a pair of through Iberian gauge tracks located directly below Plaça Espanya. These tracks are served by a pair of 92-metre-long (302 ft) side platforms. Previously, there had existed a third terminal track and platform, allowing trains from the city center to terminate at the station.[6][8]
  • Barcelona Metro line 3 (L3) uses a pair of through standard gauge tracks located beneath Paral·lel Avenue, between Plaça Espanya and Carrer Llançà. These tracks are served by a pair of 94-metre-long (308 ft) side platforms.[7][8]

AccessesEdit

The interchange station has the following entrances:[1][6][7]

  • Carrer de Tarragona
  • Avinguda Paral·lel
  • Exposició (located in front of Fira de Barcelona's trade fair venue in Plaça d'Espanya)
  • FGC   (located in the southwestern side of Plaça d'Espanya)
  • Carrer de la Creu Coberta

Photo galleryEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Barcelona-Pl.Espanya" (in Catalan). trenscat.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  2. ^ "Barcelona metro line 1 - Station Espanya". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Barcelona metro line 3 - Station Espanya". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  4. ^ Integrated Railway Network (PDF) (Map). Autoritat del Transport Metropolità. August 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Memòria de Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya" (PDF). Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya. 2018. p. 77. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Espanya (L1)" (in Catalan). trenscat.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  7. ^ a b c d "Espanya (L3)" (in Catalan). trenscat.com. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  8. ^ a b c d "Track map of the Barcelona Metro". carto.metro.free.fr. Retrieved 2014-12-02.

External linksEdit