The Erzurum Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت ارضروم, romanizedEyālet-i Erżurūm)[2] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. It was established after the conquest of Western Armenia by the Ottoman Empire. Its reported area in the 19th century was 11,463 square miles (29,690 km2).[3]

Erzurum Eyalet
ایالت ارضروم (Ottoman Turkish)
Eyālet-i Erżurūm
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

The Erzurum Eyalet in 1609
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Safavid Empire
Erzurum Vilayet
Trebizond Eyalet
Today part ofTurkey

History edit

The eyalet was established in 1533.[4] Early in the 17th century, the eyalet was threatened by Iran and the revolt by the province governor Abaza Mehmed Pasha. This revolt was combined with Jelali Revolts (the uprising of the provincial musketeers called the Celali), backed by Iran and lasted until 1628.

It was one of the first Ottoman provinces to become a vilayet after an administrative reform in 1865, and by 1867 it had been reformed into the Erzurum Vilayet.[5]

Governors edit

Administrative divisions edit

Sanjaks of Erzurum Eyalet in the 17th century:[7]
  1. Sanjak of Kara-hisar (Şebinkarahisar)
  2. Sanjak of Keifi (Kiğı, Akiı)
  3. Sanjak of Pasin
  4. Sanjak of Ispir
  5. Sanjak of Khanis (Hınıs)
  6. Sanjak of Malazgir
  7. Sanjak of Tekman
  8. Sanjak of Kuzudjan (Pülümür)
  9. Sanjak of Turtum
  10. Sanjak of Lejengerd (Mijingerd, Mujtekerd, İnkaya)
  11. Sanjak of Mamar (Mamahar, Karababa)
  12. Sanjak of Erzerum, the seat of the Pasha
Sanjaks in the early 19th century:[8]
  1. Sanjak of Erzerum
  2. Sanjak of Kamakh (Kemah)
  3. Sanjak of Maden
  4. Sanjak of Erzincan
  5. Sanjak of Şebinkarahisar
  6. Sanjak of Gümüşhane

References edit

  1. ^ John Macgregor (1850). Commercial statistics: A digest of the productive resources, commercial legislation, customs tariffs, of all nations. Including all British commercial treaties with foreign states. Whittaker and co. p. 12. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
  2. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  3. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon. Blackie. 1862. p. 698. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
  4. ^ Hakan Özoğlu (2005). Osmanlı devleti ve Kürt milliyetçiliği. Kitap Yayinevi Ltd. p. 77. ISBN 978-975-6051-02-3. Retrieved 2013-06-26. I. Süleyman 1566 yılında öldüğünde kısmen ya da tamamen Kürt bölgelerinden oluşturulan yeni eyaletler şunlardı: Dulkadir (1522), Erzurum (1533), Musul (1535), Bağdat (1535), Van (1548) ve Şehrizor (1554...
  5. ^ Almanach de Gotha: annuaire généalogique, diplomatique et statistique. J. Perthes. 1867. pp. 827–829. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
  6. ^ Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 315. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
  7. ^ Evliya Çelebi; Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1834). Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Seventeenth Century. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 90. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
  8. ^ George Long (1843). The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: v. 1–27. C. Knight. p. 393. Retrieved 2013-06-01.