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Ernietta plateauensis, the sole species of the genus Ernietta,[2] is a bag-shaped erniettomorph genus that lived half-buried in sediment,[3] and probably fed by osmosis.[4] It had chambered walls.[5]

Temporal range: Ediacaran
548 Ma
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Subkingdom: Eumetazoa (?)
Clade: Erniettomorpha
Genus: Ernietta
E. plateauensis
Binomial name
Ernietta plateauensis
Pflug, 1966[1][1]


Distribution and speciesEdit

Its fossils has been found in sandstones of the Kanies and Kliphoek Members of the Dabis Formation, Namibia. These deposits have been dated at over 548 Ma.

The name has also been misspelled as Ernettia in some papers. Many species are now recognized as junior synonyms of Ernietta plateauensis, including:[2]

  • Ernietta tschanabis Phlug, 1972
E. aarensis Phlug, 1972
  • Erniaster aportus Phlug, 1972
E. patellus Phlug, 1972
  • Erniobaris baroides Phlug, 1972
E. epistuta Phlug, 1972
E. gula Phlug, 1972
E. parietalis Phlug, 1972
  • Erniobeta forensis Phlug, 1972
E. scapulosa Phlug, 1972
  • Erniocarpis sermo Phlug, 1972
  • Erntocentris centriformis Phlug, 1972
  • Erniodiscus clypeus Phlug, 1972
E. rutilus Phlug, 1972
  • Erniofossa prognatha Phlug, 1972
  • Erniograndis paraglossa Phlug, 1972
E. sandalix Phlug, 1972
  • Ernionorma abyssoides Phlug, 1972
E. clausula Phlug, 1972
E. peltis Phlug, 1972
E. rector Phlug, 1972
E. tribunalis Phlug, 1972
  • Erniopelta scruputa Phlug, 1972
  • Erniotaxls segmontrix Phlug, 1972

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Name - Ernietta Pflug 1966". ION - Index to Organism Names. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24.
  2. ^ a b Elliott, David A.; Trusler, Peter W.; Narbonne, Guy M.; Vickers-Rich, Patricia; Morton, Nicole; Hall, Mike; Hoffmann, Karl H.; Schneider, Gabi I.C. (9 September 2016). "Ernietta from the late Edicaran Nama Group, Namibia". Journal of Paleontology. 90 (06): 1017–1026. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.94.
  3. ^ Xiao, S.; Laflamme, M. (January 2009). "On the eve of animal radiation: phylogeny, ecology and evolution of the Ediacara biota". Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 24 (1): 31–40. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2008.07.015. PMID 18952316.
  4. ^ Laflamme, M.; Xiao, S.; Kowalewski, M. (2009). "Osmotrophy in modular Ediacara organisms". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 (34): 14438. Bibcode:2009PNAS..10614438L. doi:10.1073/pnas.0904836106. PMC 2732876. PMID 19706530.
  5. ^ Gaidos; et al. (2007). "The Precambrian emergence of animal life: a geobiological perspective" (PDF). Geobiology. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2007.00125.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-09-19.

Further readingEdit