Erica Jong (née Mann; born March 26, 1942) is an American novelist, satirist, and poet, known particularly for her 1973 novel Fear of Flying. The book became famously controversial for its attitudes towards female sexuality and figured prominently in the development of second-wave feminism. According to The Washington Post, it has sold more than 20 million copies worldwide.[2]

Erica Jong
Jong in 1977
Jong in 1977
BornErica Mann
(1942-03-26) March 26, 1942 (age 80)
New York City, U.S.
Occupation
  • Author
  • teacher
Alma materBarnard College (BA)
Columbia University (MA)
Period1973–present
GenrePrimarily fiction and poetry
Notable worksFear of Flying, Shylock's Daughter, Seducing the Demon
Spouse
Michael Werthman
(m. 1963, divorced)

Allan Jong
(m. 1966, divorced)

(m. 1977, divorced)

Kenneth David Burrows
(m. 1989)
[1]
ChildrenMolly Jong-Fast
RelativesHoward Fast (father-in-law)
Website
www.ericajong.com

Early life and educationEdit

Jong was born on March 26, 1942.[1] She is one of three daughters of Seymour Mann (died 2004), and Eda Mirsky (1911–2012).[3] Her father was a businessman of Polish Jewish ancestry who owned a gifts and home accessories company[4] known for its mass production of porcelain dolls. Her mother was born in England of a Russian Jewish immigrant family, and was a painter and textile designer who also designed dolls for her husband's company. Jong has an elder sister, Suzanna, who married Lebanese businessman Arthur Daou, and a younger sister, Claudia, a social worker who married Gideon S. Oberweger (the chief executive officer of Seymour Mann Inc. until his death in 2006).[5] Among her nephews is Peter Daou, who is a Democratic Party strategist.[6] Jong attended New York's The High School of Music & Art in the 1950s, where she developed her passion for art and writing. As a student at Barnard College, Jong edited the Barnard Literary Magazine[7] and created poetry programs for the Columbia University campus radio station, WKCR.[citation needed]

CareerEdit

A 1963 graduate of Barnard College with additionally an MA (1965) in 18th century English Literature from Columbia University, Jong is best known for her first novel, Fear of Flying (1973), which created a sensation with its frank treatment of a woman's sexual desires.[2] Although it contains many sexual elements, the book is mainly the account of Isadora Wing, a woman in her late twenties, trying to find who she is and where she is going. It contains many psychological and humorous descriptive elements, as well as rich cultural and literary references. The book tries to answer the many conflicts arising for women in late 1960s and early 1970s America, of womanhood, femininity, love, one's quest for freedom and purpose.[8] The saga of thwarted fulfillment of Isadora Wing continues in two further novels, How to Save Your Own Life (1977) and Parachutes and Kisses (1984).

Personal lifeEdit

Jong has been married four times. After a brief marriage to Michael Werthman while at Barnard, and another in 1966 to Allan Jong, a Chinese American psychiatrist, in 1977 she married Jonathan Fast, a novelist, social work educator, and son of novelist Howard Fast.[1] This marriage was described in How to Save Your Own Life and Parachutes and Kisses. She has a daughter from her third marriage, Molly Jong-Fast. Jong is now married to Kenneth David Burrows, a New York litigator.[9]

Jong lived on an army base in Heidelberg, Germany, for three years (1966–69) with her second husband. She was a frequent visitor to Venice, and wrote about that city in her novel Shylock's Daughter.

In 2007, her literary archive was acquired by Columbia University in New York City.

Jong is mentioned in the Bob Dylan song "Highlands" on his album Time Out of Mind (1997), and satirized on the MC Paul Barman track "N.O.W.", in which the rapper fantasizes about a young leftist carrying a fictitious Jong book titled America's Wrong.[10]

Jong supports LGBT rights and legalization of same-sex marriage. She says, "Gay marriage is a blessing not a curse. It certainly promotes stability and family. And it's certainly good for kids."[11]

BibliographyEdit

 
Erica Jong visiting Barnes & Noble in New York.
 
Erica Jong, Miami 2013

FictionEdit

  • Fear of Flying (1973)
  • How to Save Your Own Life (1977)
  • Fanny, Being the True History of the Adventures of Fanny Hackabout-Jones (1980) (a retelling of Fanny Hill)
  • Megan's Book of Divorce: a kid's book for adults; as told to Erica Jong; illustrated by Freya Tanz. New York: New American Library (1984)
  • Megan's Two Houses: a story of adjustment; illustrated by Freya Tanz (1984; West Hollywood, CA: Dove Kids, 1996)
  • Parachutes & Kisses. New York: New American Library (1984) (UK ed. as Parachutes and Kisses: London: Granada, 1984.)[12]
  • Shylock's Daughter (1987): formerly titled Serenissima
  • Any Woman's Blues (1990)
  • Inventing Memory (1997)
  • Sappho's Leap (2003)
  • Fear of Dying (September 8, 2015)[13]

Non-fictionEdit

  • Witches; illustrated by Joseph A. Smith. New York: Harry A. Abrams (1981)
  • The Devil at Large: Erica Jong on Henry Miller (1993)
  • Fear of Fifty: A Midlife Memoir (1994)
  • What Do Women Want? bread roses sex power (1998)
  • Seducing the Demon: writing for my life (2006)
  • Essay, "My Dirty Secret". Bad Girls: 26 Writers Misbehave (2007)
  • It Was Eight Years Ago Today (But It Seems Like Eighty)[14] (2008)

AnthologyEdit

  • Sugar in My Bowl: Real Women Write About Real Sex Ed. Erica Jong (2011)

PoetryEdit

  • Fruits & Vegetables (1971, 1997)
  • Half-Lives (1973)
  • Loveroot (1975)
  • At the Edge of the Body (1979)
  • Ordinary Miracles (1983)
  • Becoming Light: New and Selected (1991)
  • Love Comes First (2009)
  • The World Began with Yes (Red Hen Press, 2019)

AwardsEdit

  • Poetry Magazine's Bess Hokin Prize (1971)
  • Sigmund Freud Award For Literature (1975)
  • United Nations Award For Excellence In Literature (1998)
  • Deauville Award For Literary Excellence In France
  • Fernanda Pivano Award For Literary In Italy

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Erica Jong papers, 1955-2018 bulk 1965-2004". Columbia University Libraries Archival Collections. Columbia University. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  2. ^ a b Tucker, Neely (October 7, 2013). "'Fear of Flying' author Jong zips along 40 years after dropping her literary bombshell". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2014.
  3. ^ "Eda Mirsky Mann, painter, mother of novelist Erica Jong - The Boston Globe". The Boston Globe. The Associated Press. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  4. ^ "Seymour Mann Passes Away - 2004-03-01 05:00:00". Gifts and Dec. Archived from the original on March 22, 2009. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  5. ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths OBERWEGER, GIDEON S". The New York Times. December 31, 2006.
  6. ^ Nichols, Alex (September 26, 2017). "The Strange Life of Peter Daou". The Outline. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  7. ^ "Erica Jong Helps Barnard's Budding Writers". Columbia University Record. October 11, 1996. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  8. ^ "Jong, Erica" in Current Biography Yearbook 1997. New York / Dublin: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1997. p. 248
  9. ^ "Erica Jong Marries Kenneth Burrows". The New York Times. August 6, 1989.
  10. ^ ""N.O.W." [annotated lyrics]". Genius. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  11. ^ Jong, Erica (May 18, 2008). "Hurrah for Gay Marriage". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  12. ^ "Parachutes & Kisses". Copac. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  13. ^ Pitlor, Heide (September 11, 2015). "Review of Fear of Dying by Erica Jong". The New York Times.
  14. ^ Jong, Erica (March 28, 2008). "It Was Eight Years Ago Today (But It Seems Like Eighty)". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2013.

External linksEdit