Erattupetta

Erattupetta is a Municipal Town located in Kottayam district of the state of Kerala, India. It is located 38 km east of Kottayam, the district capital. The "Eraaru" part in all the variation of the names arose from the geographical location, where the two rivers (aru) merge as single one and “Petta” means town. Erattupetta is situated in the foothills of High Ranges. Earlier, the town was known as "Eerappili" & "Erapuzha". Erattupetta is a secular place with good religious harmony. Many Mosques, Temples and Churches including the popular pilgrim center St.George Forane Church (Aruvithura Palli) are situated in the suburbs of Erattupetta.

Erattupetta

Era2petta , ഈരാറ്റുപേട്ട
Town's junction
Town's junction
Erattupetta is located in Kerala
Erattupetta
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°42′N 76°47′E / 9.7°N 76.78°E / 9.7; 76.78Coordinates: 9°42′N 76°47′E / 9.7°N 76.78°E / 9.7; 76.78
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictKottayam
Government
 • Typecity
 • Municipal chairmanNisar Kurbani (UDF)
 • Municipal vice chairpersonBalkees Navas
Area
 • Total14.24 km2 (5.50 sq mi)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total29,675
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English, Petta Tamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
686122
686121
Vehicle registrationKL-35
Literacy90%
Websitehttp://lsgkerala.in/erattupettapanchayat/

EtymologyEdit

The "Eraaru" part in all the variation of the names arose from the geographical location, where the two rivers (aru) merge as a single one. Erattupetta is situated in the foothills of High Ranges. The word "Petta" has Tamil/Telugu origin meaning town. Earlier it was known as 'Erapoli' or 'Erapuzha'. It was the commercial capital of the Poonjar principality until 1949. Erattupetta lies in an ancient trade route originating from Athirampuzha to Tamil Nadu.[citation needed] St. Thomas Travelled from Tamil Nadu to Aruvithura through this trade route.

EconomyEdit

 
Dum Biriyani is a popular dish locally

In the past, hill produce from the Cardamom hills were brought down by the Muthuvans for trade. Erattupetta is a famous trading center for spices, rubber, arecanut and other agricultural products. Wagamon, a Hill Station, lies some 22 km east of Erattupetta . Erattupetta has a good number of expatriate population living in Gulf countries, especially in United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Erattupetta
Religion Percentage
Muslims
75.3%
Hindus
12.4%
Christians
20.2%
Atheist
0.01%

As of 2001 India census, Erattupetta had a population of 29,675. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Erattupetta has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 76%. In Erattupetta, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Educational institutionsEdit

St George’s College Aruvithura

Government Higher Secondary School

St George Higher Secondary School Aruvithura

Muslim Girls Higher Secondary School

St Mary’s LP School Aruvithura

University College of Teacher Education

Government Muslim LP School

St. Alphonsa Public School & Junior College Aruvithura

Guidance Public School

Alman Senior Secondary School

MMMUM UP School

TemplesEdit

Angalamman Temple

Angalamman Koil is located in the heart of the town of Erattupetta. The people of Erattupettha are worshiped with great devotion and honor, and the guardian goddess of suffering and suffering.

Nadackal Bhagavathi Temple

Nadackal Sree Bhagwathi Temple has the deity of Bhadrakali. The idol is a Kannady Bimbam.

Nadackal Kavu


ChurchesEdit

St. George Forane Church, popularly known as Aruvithura palli, is a syro-malabar Catholic Church in Erattupetta. This Church is believed to be the oldest Church in eastern Kerala, and is considered to be the mother church of the ancient Syrian Christian community of both the Meenachil and the Kanjirapally Taluks. The church is believed to be founded in A.D 52 by Saint Thomas and later it was named martha mariyam church. It is commonly believed that in the 13th century, a group of Christians, who had to flee from Nilackal to save themselves from the hands of enemies, brought the statue of St. George from Nilackal and placed it in Aruvithura Church for veneration. From that time onwards, Aruvithura Church came to be known on behalf of St George. There is also a popular belief that the St. George's Church was established by Saint Thomas the apostle himself. The annual festival of St George of Aruvithura is celebrated during April 15 – May 1 every year.

Aruvithura Church is one of the two oldest churches in Pala Diocese. Traditionally it is believed that the Catholic Church at Aruvithura was established in AD 151. It is assumed that a group of Christians who were baptised by St. Thomas lived here. All the major churches in Pala Diocese have their cultural and spiritual inheritance from Aruvithura Church. Pala, Bharananganam, Plassanal, Poonjar, Thidanad , Kanjirapally etc came under Aruvithura Church.

Going through history it is clear that the oldest churches were in the name of Martha Mariam. Aruvithura Church also was in the name of Martha Mariam until the 13th century. The statue of St Mary placed at the centre of the main altar is a clear proof of this fact. During the 13th century, a group of Christians , who had to elope from Nilackal to save themselves from the hands of enemies, brought the statue of St George from Nilackal and placed it in Aruvithura Church for veneration. From that time onwards Aruvithura Church came to be known on behalf of St George. People in and around Aruvithura were blessed with a lot of blessings from God as they sought the help from St George. Slowly St George at Aruvithura came to be known as "Aruvithura Valliachen".

The statue that was brought from Nilackal is still preserved in the Aruvithura Church. No repainting ormodifications were made on the statue until now. That is the statue is maintained as such painted in the 13th century. During the festival season the statue is brought forward from the altar and placed for public veneration. A rare custom that is followed in this church alone is that the statue is brought forward from the altar and replaced on the altar by Rev. Fathers alone.

The present church is the fourth church built in this location. Details about the first church is unavailable. The second church was built in the form of a temple. The third church was built in Portuguese model. The altar of the third Church is still preserved in the present church. The present church was built in 1951. It is 170 feet long and 50 feet broad. An aerial view of the church has the shape a Cross. The " Manimalika' in front of the church is 120 feet high. the statue of Christ at the top of the Church is 15 Feet high.

St George of Aruvithura is the patron saint of the people of Aruvithura and all those who seek assistance from St George. A lot of miracles take place here and the Festival of St George of Aruvithura (Aruvithura vallyachan ) celebrated during April 15 – May 1 is a symbol of thanks giving for all the blessings received through St George. St George pray for us is a prayer of all wounded and bereaved souls who come for consolation from the hand of Aruvithura Vallyachan.

MosquesEdit

Ninar Palli Juma Masjid

Muhyidheen Juma Masjid

Puthenpalli Juma Masjid - are the Important Masjid Situated. 60+ Mosques are situated in Erattupetta

GeographyEdit

 
Ayyampara Rock

Erattupetta can be accessed easily from north Kerala via Angamaly-Muvattupuzha-Thodupuzha-Muttom route. It is well connected to Tamil Nadu via Kottayam-Kumali (K K) Road to Madurai through the nearest town Mundakkayam via Parathanam which is 27 Kilometres from Erattupetta.

It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 feet).

AccessEdit

  • Thiruvananthapuram - Kilimanoor - Kottarakkara - Pathanamthitta - Ranni - Erumeli - Kanjirappally - Erattupetta - Aruvithura 164 km
  • Kottayam - Ettumanoor - Pala - Erattupetta - Aruvithura 39 km
  • Kochi/Cochin - Thrippunithura - Piravom - Elanji - Uzhavoor - Pala - Erattupetta -Aruvithura 78 km
  • Thrissur/Trichur-Chalakudy - Angamaly - Perumbavoor - Muvattupuzha - Thodupuzha - erattupatta - Aruvithura 130 km
  • Kozhikode - Kuttippuram - Thrissur - Muvattupuzha - Thodupuzha - Erattupetta -Aruvithura 255 km
  • Cochin International Airpot - Kalady - Perumbavoor - Muvattupuzha - Thodupuzha - erattupatta -Aruvithura 84 km
  • Mundakkayam- Parathanam - Poonjar - Panachikappara - erattupatta - Aruvithura 27 km

PoliticsEdit

Erattupetta is a municipality. The current municipal chairman is Sri Nisar Kurbani.

Erattupetta comes under the Pathanamthitta loksabha constituency and the Poonjar assembly constituency. Erattupetta is represented in the Loksabha by Sri Anto Antony and in the state assembly by Sri P.C. George.


ReferencesEdit

https://aruvithurapally.com

https://keralatourism.org