Episkopi, Heraklion

Episkopi (Greek: Επισκοπή) is a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Hersonissos, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 45.500 km2 (17.568 sq mi).[3] Population 2,291 (2011).

Episkopi

Επισκοπή
Episkopi is located in Greece
Episkopi
Episkopi
Location within the regional unit
DE Episkopis.svg
Coordinates: 35°16′N 25°15′E / 35.267°N 25.250°E / 35.267; 25.250Coordinates: 35°16′N 25°15′E / 35.267°N 25.250°E / 35.267; 25.250
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCrete
Regional unitHeraklion
MunicipalityHersonissos
 • Municipal unit45.5 km2 (17.6 sq mi)
Elevation
330 m (1,080 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit
2,291
 • Municipal unit density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Community
 • Population1,209 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Episkopi village is located 18 km southeast of Heraklion city and 8.5 km south of Kokkini Chani village, in the inland of Hersonissos Municipality. The village has been inhabited since the Minoan era, as archaeological findings witness and lead to a long cultural history.[citation needed] The local population is involved in agriculture and animal productions, which as a result offer high quality olive oil and dairy products.[citation needed] Venetian monuments in the area include ‘‘the Tower’’, and churches from the Byzantine era, such as Agios Ioannis and Agia Paraskeui church that are decorated with frescoes. In the village is located the Argirakio Ethnological and War Museum that was founded by Michael Argirakis, presenting military, ethnological and historical exhibits.

Main Villages in Municipal Unit of EpiskopiEdit

Aitania VillageEdit

Aitania village is located on a hill west of Episkopi village, in the inland of Hersonissos Municipality, and on the east of Karteros Potamos Valley with a northern view to the sea, at an altitude of 255 m. The population is approximately 319 inhabitants. Its churches and the landscape of the valley of Karteros Potamos, make it a destination for tourists.[citation needed] There are traditional cafes in the cobblestoned square of the village where orange trees, mulberry, oleanders and pomegranates grow.[citation needed] Churches include Agios Ioannis, Genesis of Theotokou and Agia Paraskeuh, all three of them dating to the 13th century.[citation needed]

Galifa VillageEdit

Galifa village is located 25 km southeast of Heraklion city, built on a flat spot on the hilltop next to Armeno hill and Kefalopoulo hill, in the inland of Hersonissos Municipality. The village has views of surrounding landscape, mountains and a countryside with olive trees, aspalathous, faskomilies and prinous.[citation needed] The history of Galifa village starts in the Minoan era, proven by the ancient findings in the area.[citation needed] The village is known for its contribution of freedom fighters to every Greek liberation struggle and war as well as for the atrocities that German and Turkish occupants committed here.[citation needed] The local hospitality and their occupation in the agricultural and animal rearing sector, creates food products.[citation needed]

Galipe VillageEdit

Galipe village is located 21 km southeast of Heraklion city and 5 km from Gournes village, at an altitude of 280m the inland of Hersonissos Municipality. The village is built on a hill, with views especially on its north side. The square of the village is cobblestone paved and in the middle a small fountain, decorated with 4 stone statues of little lions. A number of ornamental plants and trees provide shade during the summer.[citation needed] The church of Koimishs of Theotokou was built in the 14th century and is decorated with frescoes. During the summer a number of events take place in the village and in its area, including one on 15 August, where locals and visitors, after a church ceremony, celebrate with traditional food, drinks, music and dance.[citation needed]

Kainourgio Chorio VillageEdit

Kainourgio Chorio village is located 18.5 km southeast of Heraklion city, and 4.8 km from Gournes village, at an altitude of 220 m in the inland of Hersonissos Municipality. It is a small settlement with experience in wine making, dating to the 16th century.[citation needed] Nowadays, local villagers are in agricultural production, producing wine and olive oil.[citation needed] In the square of the village there is a small fountain, and a bit further away stands the church of Panagia where the religious tradition of burning Judas take place at Easter.[citation needed] In the village the Wine Museum, exhibits traditional textiles, loom and a cellar with different kinds of wine. Other exhibits include facilities and machinery from the Venetian age.[citation needed] The Foscolo Tower and the Agia Anastasia church is built in a rock.

Sgourokefali VillageEdit

Sgourokefali village is located 18 km southeast of Heraklion city and 10 km from Gournes village, the inland of Hersonissos Municipality, at an altitude of 330 m. In the village, there is the church of Agia Triada, and frescoes decorate its inside and date to the middle 18th century. There is also a square in the village in which the Hrwo monument stands, a historical monument which honours WW2 heroes.[citation needed] Made of marble, the monument is dominated by a stone eagle. The fountain of the village is made of stone and decorated with ornamental plants. Just outside the village is the Gorge of Karteros. The gorge has a number of ponds and waterfalls along its route. During the summer time and 50 days exactly from the celebration of Easter, a celebration takes place in honour of Agia Triada, with a religious ceremony followed by the gathering in the square of the village.[citation needed]

Skopela VillageEdit

Skopela village is located 6.5 km south of Gournes village and 18 km southeast of Heraklion city, inland of Hersonissos Municipality, at an altitude of 280 m. The village square is decorated with flowers and trees that offer shade during the summer.[citation needed] In the middle of the square is a renovated well, which provided the water for the inhabitants.[citation needed] Agioi Pantes church, decorated by the Vrefokratousas and Pantokratoros frescoes is dated to the start of 19th century.

Stamnoi VillageEdit

Stamnoi village is located 17 km southeast of Heraklion city and 7 km from Gournes village by the sea, in the inland of Hersonissos Municipality and at an altitude of 290 m. The local residents produce olive oil, wine, grapes and raisins.[citation needed] There is a tower in the middle of the village, a two storied building with loopholes at its top. It is known to be the tower of a Venetian feudal lord of the area and in its yard is a triangle.[citation needed] The village square is decorated with mantels and ornamental plants and also with the Hrwo monument that was built in honours of the local war heroes, and it’s made of marble. During the summer time a number of events take place in the village, including on August 15 to celebrate the Panagia, the Virgin Mary, when locals and visitors come for a feast with traditional food, drinks, music and dancing.[citation needed]

Other points of interestEdit

Argirakeio Ethnological War MuseumEdit

Argirakio Ethnological War Museum is located in the Municipal Unit of Episkopi, and houses a WW2 collection of the war spoils of its founder, Argirakis Michael. Its purpose is to 'rescue, preserve, exhibit and display objects of folklore and ethnological character'.[citation needed] It houses military WW2 items as well as documents and photographs.

GalleryEdit

 
Aitania Village
 
Argirakeio Ethnological War Museum
 
Episkopi Village
 
Galifa Village
 
Galipe Village
 
Kainourgio Chorio Village
 
Sgourokefali Village
 
Skopela Village
 
Stamnoi Village
 
Aitania View 2
 
Aitania View 3
 
Argirakeio Ethnological War Museum 2
 
Episkopi Church
 
Episkopi Village 2
 
Galifa View 2
 
Galifa Village 2
 
Sgourokefali 2
 
Sgourokefali 3
 
Stamnoi 2
 
Stamnoi Fountain

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.