Embi (Kazakh: Ембі, Embı) is a town in Mugalzhar District in Aktobe Region of western Kazakhstan. The town is on the left bank of the Emba River. Population: 11,212 (2009 Census results);[1] 12,345 (1999 Census results).[1]

Embi
Ембі
Town
Embi is located in Kazakhstan
Embi
Embi
Location in Aktobe Province, Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 48°49′36″N 58°08′39″E / 48.82667°N 58.14417°E / 48.82667; 58.14417Coordinates: 48°49′36″N 58°08′39″E / 48.82667°N 58.14417°E / 48.82667; 58.14417
CountryKazakhstan
RegionAktobe Region
DistrictMugalzhar District
Settlement1870
Population
 (2009)[1]
 • Total11,212
Time zoneUTC+5 (Yekaterinburg Time)

HistoryEdit

Embi (or Emba) was founded in the 1900s, when the railroad connecting Orenburg and Tashkent was built. At the time, it was a part of Turgay Oblast. After a number of administrative transformations, in 1936 Embi ended up in Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. Embi was a part of Aktobe Region. In 1937, it was granted status of urban-type settlement. By 1958, it belonged to Zhoryn District,[2] which was eventually abolished and merged into Oktyabrsky District (which was later renamed Mugalzhar District). In 1967, Embi was granted town status.[3]

The former military installation to the south of Embi known as "Embi-5" was renamed Zhem and was granted town status.

During the 2022 Kazakh protests, protesters in Embi demanded removal of the mayor. On 13 March 2022, Embi held a free and fair election, in which independent Raiymbek Musaghali was elected among three candidates with 81% of votes. Musaghali was 39 years old and worked as a school director.[4]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

Embi is mostly serving the railway station, there is also food industry present.[3]

TransportationEdit

Embi is a railway station on the Trans-Aral Railway, which connects Orenburg and Tashkent. It is also connected to Kandyagash by a road. The same road continues east of Embi to provide access to the E38 highway between Aktobe and Shymkent.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  2. ^ Каратаев, Абат (February 2, 2012). От волостей к районам (in Russian). Актюбинский вестник. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  3. ^ a b Эмба (город в Казахской ССР). Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
  4. ^ "'He Doesn't Take Bribes': Kazakh Town Happy With Mayor From First 'Real Election'". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2022-04-05.