Elkader, Iowa

Elkader[a] is a city in Clayton County, Iowa, United States. The population was 1,209 at the time of the 2020 census, down from 1,465 in 2000.[2] It is the county seat of Clayton County.[4]It is the site of Iowa's lowest recorded minimum temperature, -44 °C (-47 °F) on February 3, 1996.

Elkader, Iowa
Downtown Elkader.jpg
Motto(s): 
Keystone of NE Iowa
Location of Elkader, Iowa
Location of Elkader, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°51′21″N 91°24′11″W / 42.85583°N 91.40306°W / 42.85583; -91.40306Coordinates: 42°51′21″N 91°24′11″W / 42.85583°N 91.40306°W / 42.85583; -91.40306
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyClayton
Area
 • Total1.42 sq mi (3.68 km2)
 • Land1.38 sq mi (3.57 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)
Elevation
732 ft (223 m)
Population
 • Total1,209
 • Density851.41/sq mi (328.53/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
52043
Area code(s)563
FIPS code19-24690
GNIS feature ID0456303

HistoryEdit

The city is named after a Muslim Algerian leader, Abd al-Qadir al-Jaza'iri. When the community was platted in 1846, the founders, Timothy Davis, John Thompson and Chester Sage decided to name it for the young Algerian who was leading his people in resisting the French conquest of Algeria.[5]

 
Elkader Keystone Bridge is listed on the NRHP

The town is known for its bridge over the Turkey River, said to be the largest stone arch bridge west of the Mississippi River. It, and many of the local buildings, are made from locally quarried sandstone. The town's grocery store, Wilke's, is the oldest continuously operated grocery store west of the Mississippi, as well. Elkader also features a renovated Victorian-era opera house, and the Turkey River Mall, a 29-room hotel converted into antique stores.

The town featured in a WAMU World View documentary; "Couscous and cultural diplomacy", a documentary that focuses on an openly gay couple, one of whom is Algerian, who settled in Elkader and opened an Algerian-American restaurant. The documentary describes how the couple have largely been accepted as part of the community yet wrestle with cultural adaptation, American identity, and small town politics, as well as many of the personal issues they experienced post 9/11.[6]

The city was one of many in Iowa affected by the Iowa Flood of 2008, with flood waters from the Turkey River reaching historic levels.[7]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.39 square miles (3.60 km2), all land.[8]

DemographicsEdit

Elkader historical population
YearPop.±%
1860440—    
1870697+58.4%
1880851+22.1%
1890745−12.5%
19001,321+77.3%
19101,181−10.6%
19201,223+3.6%
19301,382+13.0%
19401,556+12.6%
19501,584+1.8%
19601,526−3.7%
19701,592+4.3%
19801,688+6.0%
19901,510−10.5%
20001,465−3.0%
20101,273−13.1%
20201,209−5.0%
Source: "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[9][2]

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census there were 1,273 people, 577 households, and 342 families living in the city. The population density was 915.8 inhabitants per square mile (353.6/km2). There were 627 housing units at an average density of 451.1 per square mile (174.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.7% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3%.[10]

Of the 577 households 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.7% were non-families. 35.7% of households were one person and 16.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age was 49.8 years. 18.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19% were from 25 to 44; 32.4% were from 45 to 64; and 24.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.2% male and 53.8% female.

2000 censusEdit

At the 2000 census there were 1,465 people, 645 households, and 403 families living in the city. The population density was 1,049.0 people per square mile (404.0/km2). There were 693 housing units at an average density of 496.2 per square mile (191.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.25% White, 0.20% African American, 0.07% Native American, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.07%.[11]

Of the 645 households 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 35.0% of households were one person and 20.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.77.

20.6% are under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 27.0% 65 or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.6 males.

The median household income was $32,857 and the median family income was $41,830. Males had a median income of $28,235 versus $19,550 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,785. About 2.7% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

The municipality is within the boundary of the Central Community School District.[12]

Notable peopleEdit

Sister cityEdit

Elkader has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See alsoEdit

 
19th-century view of the original
Saint Joseph's Church

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  3. ^ Sherman, Barney (September 14, 2017). "Iowa Place Names: A-E". Iowa Public Radio. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ The History of Elkader, Iowa
  6. ^ "Couscous and cultural diplomacy" a radio documentary about a gay couple starting an Algerian restaurant in homage to a 19th-century independence fighter Emir Abd al-Qader. (ABC Radio National)
  7. ^ Great Iowa Flood of 2008#Elkader
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Central" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2020-04-05.

External linksEdit

  • Explore Elkader Portal style website, Government, Business, Attractions and more
  • City-Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Elkader