Elisabeth Margaret Welch (February 27, 1904 – July 15, 2003) was an American singer, actress, and entertainer, whose career spanned seven decades. Her best-known songs were "Stormy Weather", "Love for Sale" and "Far Away in Shanty Town". She was American-born but was based in Britain for most of her career.
Elisabeth Welch in 1977 by Allan Warren
|Born||Elisabeth Margaret Welch
February 27, 1904
Englewood, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||July 15, 2003
|Residence||New York City, New York,
|Occupation||Actress, singer, entertainer|
|Home town||New York City, New York|
|Spouse(s)||Luke Smith (m. 1928–1936)|
Welch was born in Englewood, New Jersey, where her father was chief gardener of an estate. Her father was of indigenous American and African American ancestry; her mother was of Scottish and Irish descent. Welch was brought up in a Baptist Christian family, and began her singing in a church choir.
She first intended to go from high school into social work, but instead chose to become a professional singer. She started her career in America, in New York, in 1922, but in 1929 she went on to Europe - first to Paris and then to London, which became her base for the rest of her life.
After her first appearance in America in Liza in 1922, Elisabeth Welch was the initial singer of the Charleston in the show Runnin' Wild (1923). During the 1920s she appeared in African-American Broadway theatre shows, including Chocolate Dandies (1924) and Blackbirds of 1928 (1928-9). She made relatively few recordings. Before moving to Europe she made only one record – "Doin' The New Lowdown", b/w 'Digga Digga Do", as vocalist for the Irving Mills-assembled Hotsy Totsy Gang (Brunswick 4014, 27 July 1928).
She was asked to return to New York, where she replaced a singer in The New Yorkers (1930–1931) and sang Cole Porter's controversial song "Love for Sale". The composer met her afterwards in Paris, and later invited her to perform his song "Solomon" in Nymph Errant in London in 1933. That year, before this show was available, Welch was given permission to perform in London in Dark Doings, in which she sang "Stormy Weather", newly written by Harold Arlen and Ted Koehler. She subsequently took the song as her signature tune.
Welch's show-stopping performance in Nymph Errant was seen by Ivor Novello, and in 1935 he gave her a part in his show Glamorous Night, in which she stood out again singing his blues song "Far Away in Shanty Town". In 1931 she had included in her cabaret act the new song "As Time Goes By", almost a dozen years before it achieved screen fame in Casablanca.
In the late 1930s Welch entered two media: she appeared in films – usually as a singer, including two with Paul Robeson – and was also one of the first artists to perform on television, appearing on the BBC's new TV service from Alexandra Palace.
After the war she was in many West End theatre shows, including revues. She continued on both television and radio, and was even in one pantomime, Aladdin. She also had a series of one-woman shows, until 1990. She was in the Royal Variety Performance in 1979 and 1986. In 1979 her recording of "Stormy Weather" was used by Derek Jarman in his film version of Shakespeare's The Tempest.
In 1980 she returned to New York to appear in Black Broadway after an absence of nearly fifty years, and she appeared there again in 1986, when her one-woman show earned her an Obie Award. She was nominated for a Tony Award for her performance in Jerome Kern Goes to Hollywood.
Her final performance was in 1996, for a television documentary, in which she sang "Stormy Weather", at the age of 93.
In 1928 she was married to Luke Smith, a musician, and remained with him until his death in 1936; they had no children.
She died at the age of 99 in Northwood, London, on July 15, 2003.
- Liza – 1922 – on Broadway
- Running Wild – 1923 – on Broadway
- Chocolate Dandies – 1924 – on Broadway
- Blackbírds of 1928 – 1928 – on Broadway
- Blackbirds of 1929 – 1929 – at the Moulin Rouge, Paris
- Cabaret – 1930 – at the Le Boeuf sur le Toit, Paris
- The New Yorkers – 1931 – on Broadway
- Dark Doings – 1933 – at Leicester Square Theatre, London
- Nymph Errant – 1933 – at Adelphi Theatre, London
- Glamorous Night – 1935 – at Drury Lane Theatre, London
- Let's Raise the Curtain – 1936 – at Victoria Palace, London
- Its in the Bag – 1937 – at Saville Theatre, London
- All the Best – 1938 – at the Opera House Theatre, Blackpool
- No Time for Comedy – 1941 – at Comedy Theatre, London
- Sky High – 1942 – at Phoenix Theatre, London
- Happy and Glorious – 1944 – at London Palladium, London
- Twopenny Coloured – 1947 – review
- Oranges and Lemons – 1949 – review
- Penny Plain – 1951 – review
- The Crooked Mile – 1959 – London
- Cindy Ella – 1962 – London
- Pippin – 1973 – London
- Black Broadway – 1980 – on Broadway
- Death at Broadcasting House (1934) - Elisabeth Welch - Singer
- Soft Lights and Sweet Music (1936) - Herself
- Song of Freedom (1936) - Ruth Zinga
- Calling All Stars (1937) - Herself
- Big Fella (1937) - Amanda 'Manda'
- Around the Town (1938) - Elisabeth (uncredited)
- Over the Moon (1939) - Cabaret Singer
- This Was Paris (1942) - Cabaret Singer (uncredited)
- Alibi (1942) - Singer
- Fiddlers Three (1944) - Nora
- Dead of Night (1945) - Beulah
- Our Man in Havana (1959) - Woman
- Cleopatra (1963) - Children's Nurse (scenes deleted)
- Girl Stroke Boy (1971) - Mrs Delaney
- Revenge of the Pink Panther (1978) - Mrs. Wu
- Arabian Adventure (1979) - Beggarwoman
- The Tempest (1979) - A Goddess (Last appearance)
- Peter Gammond, The Oxford Companion to Popular Music (Oxford University Press, 1991. ISBN 0-19-280004-3 )
- Guinness Who's Who of Stage Musicals, ed. C. Larkin (published by Guinness – ISBN 0-85112-756-8)
- Stephen Bourne, Elisabeth Welch – Soft Lights and Sweet Music (foreword by Ned Sherrin) (2005, Scarecrow Press) ISBN 0-8108-5413-9
- Bourne, Stephen (16 July 2003). "Elisabeth Welch Black diva whose roles ranged from Cole Porter's 'Nymph Errant' to Derek Jarman's 'The Tempest'". The Independent Obituary. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- "WELCH, ELISABETH (1904-2003)". English Heritage. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- Desert island Discs Castaway Archive.