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Regina c. 1970
|Birth name||Elis Regina Carvalho Costa|
|Also known as||Pimentinha, Furacão|
|Born||March 17, 1945|
Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
|Died||January 19, 1982 (aged 36)|
São Paulo, Brazil
|Genres||Música popular brasileira, samba, pop, rock, bossa nova|
|Labels||Continental, CBS, Philips|
She became nationally renowned in 1965 after singing "Arrastão" (composed by Edu Lobo and Vinícius de Moraes) in the first edition of TV Excelsior festival song contest and soon joined O Fino da Bossa, a television program on TV Record. She was noted for her vocalization as well as for her interpretation and performances in shows. Her recordings include "Como Nossos Pais" (Belchior), "Upa Neguinho" (E. Lobo and Gianfrancesco Guarnieri), "Madalena" (Ivan Lins), "Casa no Campo" (Zé Rodrix and Tavito), "Águas de Março" (Tom Jobim), "Atrás da Porta" (Chico Buarque and Francis Hime), "O Bêbado e a Equilibrista" (Aldir Blanc and João Bosco), "Conversando no Bar" (Milton Nascimento).
Elis Regina was born in Porto Alegre, where she began her career as a singer at an early age on the children's radio show Clube de Guri. In her early teens she signed a record contract and a couple years later traveled to Rio de Janeiro, where she recorded her first album. She won her first festival song contest in 1965 singing "Arrastão" ("Pull the Trawling Net") by Edu Lobo and Vinícius de Moraes, which made her the biggest selling Brazilian recording artist since Carmen Miranda. Her second album, Dois na Bossa with Jair Rodrigues, set a national sales record and became the first Brazilian album to sell over one million copies. "Arrastão" increased her popularity because the festival was broadcast via TV and radio. The record represented the beginning of música popular brasileira (Brazilian popular music) and contrasted with bossa nova. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, she helped popularize tropicalismo with Gal Costa, Gilberto Gil, and Caetano Veloso.
Regina was nicknamed "hurricane" and "little pepper". She moved to Rio around the time Brazil was ruled by a military group. Although her popularity protected her from reprisal when she criticized the regime while on tour in Europe, she was threatened with imprisonment unless she sang the Brazilian national anthem at an event honoring the anniversary of the coup. In the 1970s she recorded the album Elis and Tom in Los Angeles with Antonio Carlos Jobim. In 1982 she was starting her third marriage when she died from a combination of alcohol and cocaine at the age of thirty-six.
On January 19, 1982, Regina died at the age of 36 from an accidental cocaine overdose. More than 15,000 people including friends and relatives attended and sang her songs at a wake held in the Teatro Bandeirantes in São Paulo. More than 100,000 people and fans then followed her funeral procession throughout São Paulo. She was buried in Cemitério do Morumbi.
- Viva a Brotolândia (Continental, 1961)
- Poema de Amor (Continental, 1962)
- Ellis Regina (CBS, 1963)
- O Bem do Amor (CBS, 1963)
- Samba, Eu Canto Assim (Philips, 1965)
- 2 na Bossa with Jair Rodrigues (Philips, 1965)
- O Fino do Fino with Zimbo Trio (Philips, 1965)
- Elis (Philips, 1966)
- Dois na Bossa Numero 2 with Jair Rodrigues (Philips, 1966)
- Dois na Bossa Numero 3 with Jair Rodrigues (Philips, 1967)
- Elis Especial (Philips, 1968)
- Elis & Toots with Toots Thielemans (Philips, 1969)
- Elis Regina in London (Philips, 1969)
- Como & Porque (Philips, 1969)
- No Teatro da Praia (Philips, 1970)
- ...Em Pleno Verão (Philips, 1970)
- Ela (Philips, 1971)
- Elis (Philips, 1972)
- Elis (Philips, 1973)
- Elis & Tom (Philips, 1974)
- Elis (Philips, 1974)
- Falso Brilhante (Philips, 1976)
- Elis (Philips, 1977)
- Transversal do Tempo (Philips, 1978)
- Vento de Maio (EMI Hemisphere, 1978)
- Elis Especial (Philips, 1979)
- Elis, Essa Mulher (Warner Bros./WEA, 1979)
- Elis (EMI, 1980)
- Saudade do Brasil (Elektra/WEA, 1980)
- McGowan, Chris; Pessanha, Ricardo (1998). The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova, and the Popular Music of Brazil. Temple University Press. pp. 82–. ISBN 978-1-56639-545-8.
- "Elis Regina (1945–1982)". Federative Republic of Brazil. Archived from the original on December 1, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2010. Cite journal requires
- Goés, 2007, p.187
- Pugialli, 2006, p.170.
- Silva, 2002, p.193.
- Arashiro, 1995, p.39.
- Dougan, John. "Elis Regina". AllMusic. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
- "Banco de Dados Folha - Acervo de Jornais". almanaque.folha.uol.com.br. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
- "O amargo brilho do pó" (in Portuguese). Veja. Archived from the original on November 29, 2016. Retrieved December 13, 2010. Cite journal requires
- "Elis". filmnow.com. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
- "Elis". adorocinema.com. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
- Arashiro, Osny. Elis Regina por ela mesma. M. Claret, 1995.
- Echeverria, Regina (1985) Furacão Elis. Inclui cronologia e discografia por Maria Luiza Kfouri. Rio de Janeiro: Nórdica / Círculo do Livro. 363p. 2.ed. rev. ampl. 1994 (São Paulo: Ed. Globo); 3.ed. 2002 (São Paulo: Ed. Globo). 239p. ISBN 85-250-3514-9
- Goés, Ludenbergue. Mulher brasileira em primeiro lugar: o exemplo e as lições de vida de 130 brasileiras consagradas no exterior. Ediouro Publicações, 2007. ISBN 85-00-01998-0
- Kiechaloski, Zeca (1984) Elis Regina. Col. Esses Gaúchos. Porto Alegre: Tchê! 101p.
- Pugialli, Ricardo. Almanaque da Jovem guarda: nos embalos de uma década cheia de brasa, mora?. Ediouro Publicações, 2006. ISBN 85-00-02073-3
- Sarsano, José Roberto. (2005) Boulevard des Capucines. Teatro Olympia, Paris 1968: Elis Regina e Bossa Jazz Trio em uma época de ouro da MPB. Ed. Árvore da Terra. 207p. ISBN 85-85136-29-4
- Silva, Walter. Vou te contar: histórias de música popular brasileira. Conex, 2002. ISBN 85-88953-05-6
- Elis Regina Por Ela Mesma. (1995) Org. Osny Arashiro. São Paulo: Martin Claret. 2.ed. rev. 2004. 229p. ISBN 85-7232-085-7
- O Melhor de Elis Regina. (2003) Melodias cifradas com as letras de 28 músicas do repertório de Elis Regina. Ed. Irmãos Vitale. 112p. ISBN 85-7407-088-2
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elis Regina.|
- "Elis Regina". Find a Grave. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
- Elis Regina: The Voice of Brazil at MisterLUCKY Music at the Wayback Machine (archived 26 September 2010)
- Chronology (English) from Furacão Elis The biography by Regina Echeverria at the Wayback Machine (archived 25 April 2012)