Elijah Howarth FRAS (25 June 1853, Liverpool – 1 April 1938, Dronfield) was an English museum curator and astronomer.[1]

Howarth was the son of a labourer. In 1871 he started work at the Liverpool Museum. His early exhibition work helped establish the Walker Art Gallery and allowed him to develop his skills as an art conservator.

Curatorial and museological career edit

In 1876 he was appointed curator at newly opened Sheffield City Museum in Weston Park. He went on to set up the Weston Park Observatory in 1880 and two years later developed the Weston Park Weather Station. He also founded the Mappin Art Gallery and High Hazels Museum.[2]

He was the founding member of the Museums Association, and served as their secretary from 1891-1909. He was also editor of their journal, Museums Journal, which he edited from 1901 to 1909.[3]

Astronomical activity edit

He was trained in astronomy by John Couch Adams who also sponsored his election as a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1881.[3]

Other activities edit

He was also an active freemason.[3]

Family life edit

Howarth married Ann Jane Fairclough (1854-1915) on 9 December 1875. Together they had six children:[4]

  • William Fairclough (1876-1953)
  • Edith Nightingale (1879–1944)
  • Thomas Herbert (1880-1954)
  • Ellen Mabel (1882-1950)
  • Annie Winifred (1884-1945)
  • Millicent Mary (1893-1962)

After becoming a widower he married Maud Elizabeth Fresson (1875-1949) in 1915.[4]

References edit

  1. ^ "Fellows Elected". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 41: 89. 1881. Bibcode:1881MNRAS..41...89.. doi:10.1093/mnras/41.3.89.
  2. ^ "Elijah Howarth". collections.museums-sheffield.org.uk. Museums Sheffield. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Obituary Notices: Fellows:- Howarth, Elijah". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 99: 311. 1939. Bibcode:1939MNRAS..99..311.. doi:10.1093/mnras/99.4.311.
  4. ^ a b Barton, Bill. "Elijah Howarth" (PDF). Survey of Astronomical History. Survey of Astronomical History'The Society for the History of Astronomy. Retrieved 26 April 2023.