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Texas gubernatorial elections are held every four years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November, better known as the nationwide Election Day. They are held on years that are even-numbered, but not multiples of four, also known as a midterm, so they do not coincide with the presidential elections.
Texas Senate elections are held every four years on the same date as gubernatorial elections.
Texas House elections are held every two years on Election Day. They are held on even-numbered years.
If a candidate in a general election that requires a majority vote earns less than 50 percent of votes, the top two candidates advance to a runoff regardless of political party or no party.
To reduce the amount of time required to fill electoral vacancies, in special elections Texas dispenses with party primaries and instead uses a jungle primary system. Candidates of all parties (or no party) appear on the same ballot; if no single one of them receives 50 percent plus 1 vote, the two highest vote-getters also advance to a runoff irrespective of party affiliation. Most famously, in Texas' special election of 1961 John Tower, a Republican, was able to win a United States Senate seat in then-overwhelmingly Democratic Texas.
- Nina Perales; Luis Figueroa; Criselda G. Rivas (2006), Voting rights in Texas, 1982-2006 (PDF), Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, OCLC 837607742
- Nick Corasaniti; Stephanie Saul; Patricia Mazzei (September 13, 2020), "Big Voting Decisions in Florida, Wisconsin, Texas: What They Mean for November", New York Times, archived from the original on September 13, 2020,
Both parties are waging legal battles around the country over who gets to vote and how
- Elections Division at the Texas Secretary of State official website
- Texas at Ballotpedia
- Government Documents Round Table of the American Library Association, "Texas", Voting & Elections Toolkits
- University of Texas Libraries, "Voting and Elections", Research Guides
- "League of Women Voters of Texas". (State affiliate of the U.S. League of Women Voters)
- Digital Public Library of America. Assorted materials related to Texas elections
- "State Elections Legislation Database", Ncsl.org, Washington, D.C.: National Conference of State Legislatures,
State legislation related to the administration of elections introduced in 2011 through this year, 2020