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There are three types of elections in Denmark: elections to the national parliament (the Folketing), local elections (to municipal and regional councils), and elections to the European Parliament. Referendums may also be called to consult the Danish citizenry directly on an issue of national concern.

Parliamentary elections are called by the Monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister, usually four years after the last election, although early elections may occur. Elections to local councils (municipal or regional) and to the European Parliament are held on fixed dates. Elections use the party-list proportional representation system. Only citizens on the national register are eligible to vote in parliamentary elections and long-time residents may vote in local elections.

Parliamentary electionsEdit

 
The voter turnout for the Danish general elections 1953-present

The Kingdom of Denmark (including the Faroe Islands and Greenland) elects a unicameral parliament, the Folketing, on a national level. Of the 179 members of parliament, the Faroe Islands and Greenland elect two members each, 135 are elected from ten multi-member constituencies on a party list PR system using the d'Hondt method and the remaining 40 seats are allocated to ensure proportionality at a national level. To get a share of supplementary seats a party needs to get at least 2% of the total number of votes.

Denmark has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments and/or minority cabinets.

Elections to the Folketing must be held at least every four years.

Latest general electionEdit

2019 Danish general electionEdit

Overall the election was a win for the "red bloc" – the parties that supported Mette Frederiksen, leader of the Social Democrats, as Prime Minister. In total, the Social Democrats, the Social Liberals, Socialist People's Party and the Red–Green Alliance won 91 seats. Green party The Alternative chose to go into opposition as a "green bloc".[1]

The Social Democrats defended their position as the largest party, and won an additional seat despite a slightly reduced voter share. They were closely followed by Venstre, who saw the largest gains in seats, picking up an extra nine. In the "blue bloc", only Venstre and the Conservative People's Party saw gains, the latter doubling their seats. The Danish People's Party's vote share fell by 12.4 percentage points (pp), well over half of their support. Leader Kristian Thulesen Dahl speculated that the bad result was due to an extraordinary good election in 2015, and that some voters felt they could "gain [their] policy elsewhere".[2] The Liberal Alliance saw their vote share fall by over two-thirds and became the smallest party in the Folketing, only 0.3pp above the 2% election threshold. Their leader Anders Samuelsen was not reelected and he subsequently resigned as leader, succeeded by Alex Vanopslagh.[3][4]

Of the new parties, only the New Right won seats, with Hard Line, the Christian Democrats and Klaus Riskær Pedersen failing to cross the national 2% threshold, although the Christian Democrats were within 200 votes of winning a direct seat in the western Jutland constituency.[5] On election night, Klaus Riskær Pedersen announced that he would dissolve his party.[6]

In the Faroe Islands, Republic (which had finished first in the 2015 elections)[7] dropped to fourth place and lost their seat. The Union Party replaced them as the first party while the Social Democratic Party finished in second place again, retaining their seat.[8]

In Greenland, the result was a repeat of the 2015 elections, with Inuit Ataqatigiit and Siumut winning the two seats. Siumut regained parliamentary representation after their previous MP, Aleqa Hammond, was expelled from the party in 2016.[9][10] Hammond later joined Nunatta Qitornai,[11] which finished fourth and failed to win a seat.[10][12]

Popular vote in Denmark
A
25.9%
V
23.4%
O
8.7%
B
8.6%
F
7.7%
Ø
6.9%
C
6.6%
Å
3.0%
D
2.4%
I
2.3%
P
1.8%
K
1.7%
E
0.8%
Others
0.1%
 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Denmark proper
Social Democrats (A) 914,882 25.9 48 +1
Venstre (V) 826,161 23.4 43 +9
Danish People's Party (O) 308,513 8.7 16 –21
Danish Social Liberal Party (B) 304,714 8.6 16 +8
Socialist People's Party (F) 272,304 7.7 14 +7
Red–Green Alliance (Ø) 245,100 6.9 13 –1
Conservative People's Party (C) 233,865 6.6 12 +6
The Alternative (Å) 104,278 3.0 5 –4
The New Right (D) 83,201 2.4 4 New
Liberal Alliance (I) 82,270 2.3 4 –9
Hard Line (P) 63,114 1.8 0 New
Christian Democrats (K) 60,944 1.7 0 0
Klaus Riskær Pedersen (E) 29,600 0.8 0 New
Independents 2,774 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 37,801
Total 3,569,521 100 175 0
Registered voters/turnout 4,219,537 84.6
Faroe Islands
Union Party 7,349 28.3 1 +1
Social Democratic Party 6,630 25.5 1 0
People's Party 6,181 23.8 0 0
Republic 4,830 18.6 0 –1
Progress 639 2.5 0 0
Self-Government Party 333 1.3 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 244
Total 26,206 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 37,264 70.3
Greenland
Inuit Ataqatigiit 6,881 33.4 1 0
Siumut 6,058 29.4 1 0
Democrats 2,262 11.0 0 0
Nunatta Qitornai 1,616 7.8 0 New
Partii Naleraq 1,565 7.6 0 0
Atassut 1,099 5.3 0 0
Cooperation Party 520 2.5 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 614
Total 20,615 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 41,344 49.9
Source: Statistics Denmark, Kringvarp Føroya, Qinersineq


Local electionsEdit

The latest elections for the ninety-eight municipal councils and the five regional councils were held on 21 November 2017.

European electionsEdit

The Denmark constituency directly elects thirteen members to the European Parliament every five years. The d'Hondt method of proportional representation is used. The last elections took place in May 2019:

ReferendumsEdit

The Constitution of Denmark requires a referendum to be held in the following three cases:

  • if one third of the members of the Parliament demands a referendum on a law that has been passed in the previous 30 days (excluding some ) (Section 42 of the Constitution),[13] or
  • a law that transfers sovereignty to an international organisation has not received a majority of five sixth of the MPs (Section 20 of the Constitution),[13] or
  • in case of changing the electoral age (Section 29 of the Constitution).[13]

The option for one third of the members of the Parliament to put a law to a referendum has a number of restrictions. Finance Bills, Supplementary Appropriation Bills, Provisional Appropriation Bills, Government Loan Bills, Civil Servants (Amendment) Bills, Salaries and Pensions Bills, Naturalization Bills, Expropriation Bills, Taxation (Direct and Indirect) Bills, as well as Bills introduced for the purpose The Work of Parliament of discharging existing treaty obligations shall not be decided by a referendum. (Section 42, Subsection 6 of the Constitution)[13]

Even though the Constitution of Denmark requires referendum to be held only if super-majority of five sixths of members of Parliament cannot be obtained, in practice, referendums have been held every time new treaties of the European Union have been approved, even when more than five sixths can be found. Recently, the Danish government was highly criticized when it did not hold a referendum regarding the controversial Lisbon treaty.

In all three cases, to defeat the proposition the no votes must not only outnumber the yes votes, they must also number at least 30% of the electorate.

The Constitution of Denmark can be changed only after a referendum, after a complicated procedure (Section 88 of the Constitution).[13] First a government proposes a change in constitution, then a parliamentary election is held. After the new parliament approves the same text of the constitutional changes, the proposal is put to a referendum. To pass, the yes votes must not only outnumber the no votes, they must also number at least 40% of the electorate.

As of 2013, 16 referendums had been held in Denmark, the most recent being Danish euro referendum in 2000 and Danish Act of Succession referendum in 2009.

Past electionsEdit

2015 electionsEdit

 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Denmark proper
Social Democrats 924,940 26.3 47 +3
Danish People's Party 741,746 21.1 37 +15
Venstre 685,188 19.5 34 –13
Red–Green Alliance 274,463 7.8 14 +2
Liberal Alliance 265,129 7.5 13 +4
The Alternative 168,788 4.8 9 New
Danish Social Liberal Party 161,009 4.6 8 –9
Socialist People's Party 147,578 4.2 7 –9
Conservative People's Party 118,003 3.4 6 –2
Christian Democrats 29,077 0.8 0 0
Independents 3,066 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 41,073
Total 3,560,060 100 175 0
Registered voters/turnout 4,145,105 85.9
Faroe Islands
Republic 5,730 24.5 1 +1
Social Democratic Party 5,666 24.3 1 0
Union Party 5,500 23.5 0 –1
People's Party 4,368 18.7 0 0
Progress 749 3.2 0 New
Centre Party 605 2.6 0 0
Self-Government Party 403 1.7 0 0
Independents 345 1.5 0 0
Total 23,366 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 65.6
Greenland
Inuit Ataqatigiit 7,904 38.5 1 0
Siumut 7,831 38.2 1 0
Atassut 1,526 7.4 0 0
Democrats 1,753 8.5 0 0
Partii Naleraq 962 4.7 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 538
Total 20,514 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 41,048 50.0
Source: DST, KVF, Qinersineq

2011 electionsEdit

 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Denmark proper
Venstre 947,725 26.7 47 +1
Social Democrats (A) 879,615 24.8 44 −1
Danish People's Party (O) 436,726 12.3 22 −3
Danish Social Liberal Party (B) 336,698 9.5 17 +8
Socialist People's Party (F) 326,192 9.2 16 −7
Red-Green Alliance (Ø) 236,860 6.7 12 +8
Liberal Alliance (I) 176,585 5.0 9 +4
Conservative People's Party (C) 175,047 4.9 8 −10
Christian Democrats (K) 28,070 0.8 0 0
Independents 1,850 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 34,307
Total 3,545,368 100 175 0
Registered voters/turnout 4,079,910 87.7
Faroe Islands
Union Party (B) 6,361 30.8 1 0
Social Democratic Party (C) 4,328 21.0 1 +1
Republic (E) 3,998 19.4 0 −1
People's Party (A) 3,932 19.0 0 0
Centre Party (H) 872 4.2 0 0
Self-Government Party (D) 481 2.3 0 0
Independents 672 3.3 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 301
Total 20,644 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 35,044 58.9
Greenland
Inuit Ataqatigiit 9,780 42.7 1 0
Siumut 8,499 37.1 1 0
Democrats 2,882 12.6 0 0
Atassut 1,728 7.5 0 0
Independents 24 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 612
Total 22,913 100 2 0
Registered voters/turnout 40,935 57.4
Source:[14][15][16][17][18]

2007 electionsEdit

 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Denmark proper
Venstre 908,472 26.2 46 –6
Social Democrats 881,037 25.5 45 –2
Danish People's Party 479,532 13.9 25 +1
Socialist People's Party 450,975 13.0 23 +12
Conservative People's Party 359,404 10.4 18 ±0
Danish Social Liberal Party 177,161 5.1 9 –8
New Alliance 97,295 2.8 5 New
Red-Green Alliance 74,982 2.2 4 –2
Christian Democrats 30,013 0.9 0 ±0
Independents 549 0.0 0 ±0
Invalid/blank votes 24,113
Total 3,483,533 100 175 0
Faroe Islands
Republic 5,849 25.4 1 ±0
Union Party 5,414 23.5 1 +1
People's Party 4,728 20.5 0 –1
Social Democratic Party 4,702 20.4 0 ±0
Centre Party 1,573 6.8 0 ±0
Self-Government Party 799 3.5 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 149
Total 23,214 100 2 0
Greenland
Inuit Ataqatigiit 8,068 32.5 1 ±0
Siumut 8,068 32.5 1 ±0
Democrats 4,584 18.5 0 ±0
Atassut 4,094 16.5 0 ±0
Invalid/blank votes 500
Total 25,589 100 2 0
Source: Nohen & Stöver[19]
Party Votes % of votes MPs swing % of MPs MPs %/votes %
Total 100 179  0 100 1.00
3 biggest 65.6 116  7 64.8 0.99
The cabinet 50.5 90  5 50.3 0.98
The opposition 49.5 89  5 49.7 1.02
Popular vote
V
26.26%
A
25.47%
O
13.86%
F
13.04%
C
10.39%
B
5.12%
I
2.81%
Ø
2.17%
K
0.87%
Others
0.02%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kildegaard, Kasper (6 June 2019). "På en varm dag i juni blev Danmark malet rødt: Nu venter benhårde forhandlinger". Berlingske (in Danish). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Thulesen: Vi har fået en vælgerlussing". Politiken (in Danish). 5 June 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  3. ^ Ingvorsen, Emil Søndergård; Nielsen, Kevin Ahrens (9 June 2019). "Alex Vanopslagh bliver Liberal Alliances nye politiske leder". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ Thomsen, Per Bang; Toft, Emma (5 June 2019). "Katastrofevalg til Liberal Alliance: Samuelsen er ude af Folketinget". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  5. ^ Søe, Carl-Emil (5 June 2019). "Kristendemokraterne under 200 stemmer fra at komme i Folketinget". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  6. ^ Josevski, Aleksandar (5 June 2019). "Klaus Riskær Pedersen opløser sit parti". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  7. ^ Tjóðveldi og Javnaðarflokkurin størstir KVF, 18 June 2015
  8. ^ Af Andreas Krog | 6. juni 2019 kl. 9:05 | Print (6 June 2019). "Løsrivelsespartier ryger ud af Folketinget". Altinget.dk. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference :7 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ a b "Røde partier vinder valget på Grønland". TV 2 (in Danish). 6 June 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference HammondRef2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ "Kalaallit Nunaanni Qinersinerit – Valg i Greenland". Valg.gl. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e "The Constitution of Denmark". Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  14. ^ "Folketingsvalg torsdag 15. september 2011". dst.dk. Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  15. ^ "Kringvarp.fo - Valúrslit". kringvarp.fo. Kringvarp Føroya. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  16. ^ "Letter to Statistics Denmark regarding the Faroese election results" (PDF). dst.dk. Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  17. ^ "Folketingimut qinersineq 2011-mi inernerit". knr.gl. KNR. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  18. ^ "Letter to Statistics Denmark regarding the Greenlandic election results" (PDF). dst.dk. Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  19. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

External linksEdit