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2019 European Parliament election in Denmark

The 2019 European Parliament election in Denmark were held on 26 May 2019, electing the Danish members to the European Parliament. The elections are part of the EU-wide elections for the parliament. Denmark has 13 seats in parliament, and which will be increased by one additional seat, once Brexit comes into force.[1]

2019 European Parliament election in Denmark

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All 14 Danish in the European Parliament[a]
Turnout66.08%
  First party Second party Third party
  Jeppe Kofod (cropped).jpg Auken, Margrete-2393.jpg
Leader Morten Løkkegaard Jeppe Kofod Margrete Auken
Party Venstre Social Democrats SF
Alliance ALDE S&D Greens/EFA
Seats won 4 seats[b] 3 seats 2 seats
Seat change Increase 2 Steady 0 Increase 1
Percentage 23.5% 21.5 % 13.2 %
Swing Increase 6.8 pp Increase 2.4 pp Increase 2.2 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Morten Helveg Petersen.jpg
Leader Morten Helveg Petersen Peter Kofod Pernille Weiss
Party Social Liberals DPP Conservative
Alliance ALDE EAPN EPP
Seats won 2 seats 1 seat 1 seat
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 3 Steady 0
Percentage 10.1 % 10.8 % 6.2 %
Swing Increase 3.6 pp Decrease 15.8 pp Decrease 2.9 pp

  Seventh party
  Nikolaj Villumsen 2013.jpg
Leader Nikolaj Villumsen
Party Red–Green
Alliance GUE/NGL
Seats won 1 seat
Seat change Increase 1
Percentage 5.5 %
Swing New

Venstre won the election, becoming the biggest party and gaining two seats. The election was a disaster for the Danish People's Party, who lost three of their four seats. Both the Social People's Party and the Social Liberals won doubles their seats from one to two. The People's Movement against the EU lost the representation in the parliament they have had since 1979.

The election were held 10 days before general elections in Denmark.[2]

BackgroundEdit

In the 2014 European Parliament election, the Danish People's Party (DPP) became the largest party, gaining 4 seats overall, and the lead candidate, Morten Messerschmidt, received 465.758 individual votes, a new record.[3]

In October 2015, Rikke Karlson, another member of the DPP-group in the parliament, left the party due to lack of internal transparency into documents related to MELD and the associated foundation FELD. The following media attention revealed that MELD and DPP had misused EU funding, and Messerschmidt were forced to resign as leader of the parliamentary group. He was replaced by Anders Visitisen.[4]

In December 2015, Jens Rohde, elected MEP as a member of Venstre, left the party due to discontent with the parties increasingly tougher policy on immigration, passed in cooperation with DPP. Rohde joined the Social Liberals instead.[5] In February 2016, Ulla Tørnæs from Venstre left the parliament to become Minister for Science, Technology, Information and Higher Education. Morten Løkkegaard became the new Venstre MEP.[6]

Parties contestingEdit

All parties represented in the Folketing participate in the election, in addition to the People's Movement against the EU.[7] In previous elections, the Red-Green Alliance have declined to contest, but instead supported the People's Movement against the EU.[8] This is the first European Parliament election that The Alternative participate in.

Danish parties contesting the 2019 European Parliament election[7][9][10]
Party Lead candidate Last election EP group[c] Coalition
O Danish People's Party Peter Kofod 26,6 % 4 seats ECR -
A Social Democrats Jeppe Kofod 19,1 % 3 seats S&D A, F
V Venstre Morten Løkkegaard 16,7 % 2 seats ALDE C, I, V
F Socialist People's Party Margrete Auken 11,0 % 1 seat Greens/EFA A, F
C Conservative Pernille Weiss 9,1 % 1 seat EPP C, I, V
N Peoples Movement against the EU Rina Ronja Kari 8,1 % 1 seat GUE/NGL N, Ø
B Social Liberals Morten Helveg Petersen 6,5 % 1 seat ALDE B, Å
I Liberal Alliance Mette Bock 2,9 % - C, I, V
Ø Red-Green Alliance Nikolaj Villumsen Did not contest N, Ø
Å The Alternative Rasmus Nordqvist Did not contest B, Å

The Alternative is contesting the election as a member of Democracy in Europe Movement 2025, a pan-European political movement who have a common political manifest.[11] In April 2019, DPP was among the founding members of the European Alliance of People and Nations, a new coalition who aim to create a broader nationalist group after the election.[12] If elected, the Liberal Alliance wishes to join ALDE,[13] and the Red-Green Alliance wishes to join GUE/NGL.[14]

ResultsEdit

Venstre became the biggest party in the election, taking 23.5 % of the votes and four seats, of which one will be assigned to Denmark following Brexit. They were closely followed by the Social Democrats with 21.5 % and three seats. The election was a "meltdown" for the Danish People's Party, who saw their support drop from 26.6 % to 10.8 %, and who lost three of the four seats they won in the last election.[15][16]

Both the Socialist People's Party and the Social Liberals had a good election, and both parties saw their seats double from one to two.[16] The latter due to their electoral alliance with The Alternative, who did not win a seat.[17]

The Conservative People's Party managed to defend their single seat despite a smaller vote share compared to last election. The Conservative People's Party is the only Danish party that is a member of the EPP, the largest group in the European Parliament. Prior to the election, people warned that it might damage Danish interests if there were no longer any Danish parties represented in the EPP.[18][19]

The People's Movement Against the EU lost their single seat, and for the first time since 1979, they are not represented in the parliament. The loss was widely regarded as caused by the Red-Green Alliance, who traditionally have supported the People's Movement, but decided to contest the election for the first time. The Red-Green Alliance won a single seat. Incumbent MEP Rina Ronja Kari reacted by saying that the movement would live on, and that "the EU-opposition is not dead".[20][21]

Danish results in the 2019 European Parliament election[7][22][23][9]
Party Lead candidate EP group[c] Votes Share +/- Seats +/-
V Venstre Morten Løkkegaard ALDE 648,203 23.5 %   6.8 pp
4 / 14
(3 until Brexit)
  2
A Social Democrats Jeppe Kofod S&D 592,645 21.5 %   2.4 pp
3 / 14
  0
F Socialist People's Party Margrete Auken Greens/EFA 364,895 13.2 %   2.2 pp
2 / 14
  1
B Social Liberals Morten Helveg Petersen ALDE 277,929 10.1 %   3.6 pp
2 / 14
  1
O Danish People's Party Peter Kofod ID 296,978 10.8 %   15.8 pp
1 / 14
  3
C Conservative Pernille Weiss EPP 170,544 6.2 %   2.9 pp
1 / 14
  0
Ø Red-Green Alliance Nikolaj Villumsen GUE/NGL 151,903 5.5 % New
1 / 14
New
N Peoples Movement against the EU Rina Ronja Kari GUE/NGL 102,101 3.7 %   4.4 pp None   1
Å The Alternative Rasmus Nordqvist 92,964 3.4 % New None New
I Liberal Alliance Mette Bock 60,693 2.2 %   0.7 pp None   0

The turnout were 66 %, the highest ever in a Danish European Parliament election. This was unexpected, as the campaign was largely overshadowed by the general election 10 days later.[24][25]

Elected membersEdit

The following candidates were elected to the European Parliament:[23][26]

Venstre
Social Democrats
Socialist People's Party
Social Liberals
Danish People's Party
Conservative
Red-Green Alliance

On 27 June Jeppe Kofod was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Social Democratic government formed after the general elections held on 5 June, and thus did not took his seat. The appointment was a surprise as he had just been elected, but media speculated it was due to Henrik Sass Larsen not being available as a minister. Marianne Vind is to take his seat.[28]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Until Brexit, Denmark will only have 13 seats
  2. ^ Venstre won the 14. seat, which will only be assigned to Denmark following Brexit
  3. ^ a b As of the 8th European Parliament (2014 - 2019)
  4. ^ The second seat of the Socialist People's Party was won by MP Karsten Hønge with 19,689 personal votes, but he choose to not take his seat, as he was also seeking reelection to the Folketing at the 5 June election.[27]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thomsen, Per Bang (5 May 2019). "28 svar, der klæder dig på til valget til Europa-Parlamentet". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  2. ^ Lindqvist, Andreas (7 May 2019). "EP-spidskandidater uenige: Er Folketingsvalgkamp godt eller skidt for EU-debatten?". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Personlige stemmer til Europa-Parlamentsvalget 2014". European Parliament - Office in Denmark (in Danish). 27 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  4. ^ Christensen, Esben (24 August 2016). "Forstå sagen om Meld, Feld, Karlsson og Messerschmidt". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  5. ^ Skærbæk, Morten; Klarskov, Kristian; Gjertsen, Marchen Neel (19 December 2015). "Rohde forlader Venstre i protest mod partiets asylpolitik". Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  6. ^ Filtenborg, Emil (29 February 2016). "Ulla Tørnæs kaldes hjem til ministerpost". JydskeVestkysten (in Danish). Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Boeskov, Christine (29 April 2019). "FORTEGNELSE OVEROPSTILLEDE KANDIDATLISTER (PARTIER)OG OPSTILLEDE KANDIDATERTILEUROPA-PARLAMENTSVALGETDEN 26. maj 2019" (PDF). Økonomi-og Indenrigsministeriet. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  8. ^ Jeppesen, Issa (15 May 2019). "Enhedslisten stiller selvstændigt op til næste EU-valg". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Resultater - Hele landet - Europa-Parlamentsvalg søndag 25. maj 2014". Danmarks Statistik. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Advanced search | Search | MEPs | European Parliament | Denmark". European Parliament. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  11. ^ Thomsen, Per Bang; Ryborg, Ole (18 March 2019). "Rasmus Nordqvist: Jeg går til valg som europæer, ikke som dansker". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  12. ^ "European nationalists form alliance for elections". BBC. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  13. ^ Per Bang Thomsen, Per Bang; Ryborg, Ole (18 March 2019). "Mette Bock: Hvis ikke vi får sat den rigtige kurs, kan EU bryde sammen". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  14. ^ Josevski, Aleksandar (4 May 2019). "Nikolaj Villumsen: EU er udemokratisk og højreorienteret". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  15. ^ Guldagger, Mette (26 May 2019). "Alle stemmer talt op: Dansk Folkeparti smelter helt sammen - Venstre fordobler sine mandater". Politiken (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  16. ^ a b Toft, Emma (27 May 2019). "Alle stemmer optalt: Venstre overrasker med kanonvalg - DF i kæmpe nedtur". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Manglende valgforbund sender mandat fra DF til De Radikale". JydskeVestkysten (in Danish). Ritzau. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  18. ^ Holst, Helene Kristine (26 May 2019). "Lettelse og jubel hos de Konservative: Sikrer sig mandat". Berlingske (in Danish). Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  19. ^ Thomsen, Per Bang (18 May 2019). "Fagbevægelsen slår alarm: Vi skal have en konservativ stemme i EU". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  20. ^ Nielsen, Morten (27 May 2019). "Enhedslisten koster Folkebevægelsen pladsen: - EU-modstanden dør ikke". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  21. ^ Arp, Andreas (27 May 2019). "Enhedslisten sender Folkebevægelsen på sidelinjen: Det er drønhamrende ærgerligt". Altinget (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Advanced search | Search | MEPs | European Parliament | Denmark". European Parliament. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  23. ^ a b "Resultater - Hele landet - Europa-Parlamentsvalg søndag 26. maj 2019". Danmarks Statistik (in Danish). 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  24. ^ Kongstad, Jesper (25 May 2019). "Eksperter: Folketingsvalg sendte EU-kandidaterne ud i skyggen". Jyllands-Posten (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  25. ^ Thomsen, Peter (27 May 2019). "Søndag blev der skrevet danmarkshistorie, da millioner strømmede til stemmeboksen". Berlingske (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Valgte kandidater og stedfortrædere - Europa-Parlamentsvalg søndag 26. maj 2019". Danmarks Statistik (in Danish). 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  27. ^ Christensen, Maiken Brusgaard (27 May 2019). "Karsten Hønge stemt ind, men takker nej til Europa-Parlamentet". TV2 (in Danish). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  28. ^ Jensen, Thomas Klose (27 June 2019). "Overrasket Kofod-afløser: Jeg havde ikke forestillet mig andet, end han skulle fortsætte det vigtige arbejde i EU". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 4 July 2019.