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Eleanor of Woodstock (18 June 1318 – 22 April 1355) was an English princess and Duchess consort of Guelders by marriage. She was regent of Guelders as the guardian of her minor son from 1343 until 1344.

Eleanor of Woodstock
Eleanor of Woodstock.jpg
Eleanor at prayer
Duchess of Guelders
Tenure1332 – 12 October 1343
Born18 June 1318
Woodstock, Oxfordshire
Died22 April 1355 (aged 36)
Burial
SpouseReginald II, Duke of Guelders
IssueReginald III, Duke of Guelders
Edward, Duke of Guelders
HousePlantagenet
FatherEdward II of England
MotherIsabella of France

Eleanor was born at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire to King Edward II of England and his queen Isabella of France.[1] She was a younger sister of Edward III of England and the second wife of Reginald II of Guelders, "the Black". Eleanor's maternal grandfather was King Philip the Fair of France.[2]

Contents

LifeEdit

Early lifeEdit

Eleanor was named after her paternal grandmother, Eleanor of Castile. £333 was given for her churching by her father. In 1324 she was taken into care by her cousin Eleanor de Clare then sent to the care of Ralph de Monthermer and Isabella Hastings with her younger sister Joan of the Tower at Pleshey. In 1325, there were negotiations between England and Castile for Eleanor to be betrothed to Alphonso XI of Castile, but this fell through due to the dowry.

Eleanor was reunited with her mother and in 1330 negotiations were made by her mother for her and her brother John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall to marry a son and daughter of her relative Philip VI of France, however they fell through also.

Duchess of GueldersEdit

In May 1332 Eleanor married the reigning Count of Guelders, Reinoud II "the black" (English: Reginald), of the House of Wassenberg (born c. 1287), a marriage arranged by her mother's cousin Joan of Valois. The groom, quite dark of colour and character, was a widower with four daughters. He was known for having imprisoned his father for over six years.

As Eleanor sailed from Sandwich, her wedding trousseau included a wedding gown of Spanish cloth, caps, gloves, shoes, a bed, rare spices and loaves of sugar. She was well received in Guelders.

Due to her unhappy childhood, Eleanor grew nervous and over-eager to please her husband, who tired of her and sent her from court (1338) by pretending she had leprosy. Her husband then tried to annul the marriage. Eleanor turned up in Court in Nijmegen to contest the annulment, and proceeded to strip down, proving she was no leper, and thus forcing her husband to take her back. He died from a fall from his horse on 12 October 1343.

RegencyEdit

After the death of her spouse, Eleanor became the regent of Guelders for her nine-year-old son Reginald. Her regency was official and formal, but she had trouble in getting it recognized, and in 1344, she was forced to resign her post as regent. She and Reginald later quarreled over making peace with his younger brother, and he confiscated her lands.

Death and burialEdit

On 22 April 1355, twelve years after she became a widow, Eleanor died in poverty in a Cistercian convent aged 36. She had been too proud to ask her brother Edward III for help and was buried in Deventer Abbey. Her tombstone had the simple inscription ELEANOR on it; however, in England, on the south side of Queen Philippa of Hainault's tomb in Westminster Abbey there is an image of her and her husband.

IssueEdit

Eleanor had two sons:

 
Eleanor of Woodstock Tombstone at the Broederenchurch in Deventer

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alison Weir: Isabella: She Wolf of France
  2. ^ Mary Anne Everett Green: Lives of the English Princesses
  3. ^ Maclagan, Michael; Louda, Jiří (1999), Line of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, London: Little, Brown & Co, p. 17, ISBN 1-85605-469-1
  4. ^ Weir, Alison (1995), Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy Revised edition, Random House, p. 92, ISBN 0-7126-7448-9