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Eleanor of Anjou (August 1289 – 9 August 1341) was Queen of Sicily as the wife of King Frederick III of Sicily. She was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou by birth.

Eleanor of Anjou
Marie karel2 (cropped, five daughters).jpg
Eleanor with her sisters in the Bible of Naples
Queen consort of Sicily
Tenure17 May 1302 – 25 June 1337
BornAugust 1289
Died9 August 1341(1341-08-09) (aged 51–52)
SpousePhilip de Toucy
Frederick III of Sicily
Issue
Among Others
Peter II of Sicily
Manfred, Duke of Athens and Neopatria
Constance, Queen of Cyprus
Elisabeth, Duchess of Bavaria
William, Prince of Taranto
John, Duke of Randazzo
HouseCapetian House of Anjou
FatherCharles II of Naples
MotherMary of Hungary

She was the third daughter of Charles II of Naples and Mary of Hungary.[1]

Eleanor was firstly married in 1299 to Philip II de Toucy [es], son of Narjot de Toucy and Lucia of Tripoli. Their marriage was dissolved on 17 January 1300 by Pope Boniface VIII because they were related and had not sought permission from the pope to marry.

On 17 May 1302, Eleanor married secondly to Frederick III of Sicily.[2] Her father and her new husband had been engaged in a war for ascendancy in the Mediterranean Sea and especially Sicily and the Mezzogiorno. The marriage was part of a diplomatic effort to establish peaceful relations which would lead to the Peace of Caltabellotta (19 August 1302).

The peace divided the old Kingdom of Sicily into an island portion and a peninsular portion. The island, called the Kingdom of Trinacria, went to Frederick, who had been ruling it, and the Mezzogiorno, called the Kingdom of Sicily contemporaneously, but called the Kingdom of Naples by modern scholarship, went to Charles II, who had been ruling it. Thus, the peace was formal recognition of an uneasy status quo.

Eleanor and Frederick had nine children:

Eleanor died on the 9 August 1341 at the Monastery of San Nicolo di Arena (Catania), she had been a widow since 1337. She was buried at a Franciscan monastery in Catania.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Musto 2003, p. 78.
  2. ^ Dunbabin 2011, p. xii.
  3. ^ Hulme 1915, p. 561.

SourcesEdit

  • Dunbabin, Jean (2011). The French in the Kingdom of Sicily, 1266–1305. Cambridge University Press.
  • Hulme, Edward Maslin (1915). The Renaissance: The Protestant Revolution and the Catholic Reformation in Continental Europe. The Century Co.
  • Musto, Ronald G. (2003). Apocalypse in Rome: Cola di Rienzo and the Politics of the New Age. University of California Press.
Preceded by
Blanche of Anjou
Queen consort of Sicily
17 May 1302 – 25 June 1337
Succeeded by
Elisabeth of Carinthia